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Published Taking higher-than-recommended doses of vitamin D for five years reduced the risk of atrial fibrillation (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Taking higher-than-recommended doses of vitamin D for five years reduced the risk of atrial fibrillation in older men and women, according to a new study.
Published Neural signature for borderline personality disorder identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study of a brain region called the rostro-medial prefrontal could potentially advance diagnosis and therapies for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).
Published DNA barcoding identifies the plants a person has eaten (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
DNA barcoding is now being used to identify the plant matter in human feces, revealing what a person has eaten. A reliable genetic marker for plant-based foods can be retrieved from poop, showing not only what was eaten, but in what relative amounts. The technique should improve clinical trials, nutrition studies and more.
Published Unsafe feeding methods spiked during infant formula shortage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A survey finds nearly half of parents who rely on formula for their babies resorted to potentially harmful feeding methods during the infant formula shortage.
Published Body's immune response may offer alternative approach to neuropathic pain therapies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In the midst of a global opioid epidemic, a team of scientists is exploring natural killer (NK) cells as an alternative treatment for neuropathic pain. Researchers gather existing evidence for the impact of NK cells in pain, pointing to their ability to prune the damaged nerve cells that may cause it. They urge the scientific community to explore biological mechanisms underlying NK cell activity to move towards a realistic pain therapy that is both effective and safe.
Published Poverty negatively impacts structural wiring in children's brains, study indicates (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study reveals that household and community poverty may influence brain health in children. Childhood obesity and lower cognitive function may explain, at least partially, poverty's influence on the brain.
Published Human embryo-like models created from stem cells to understand earliest stages of human development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have created a stem cell-derived model of the human embryo in the lab by reprogramming human stem cells. The breakthrough could help research into genetic disorders and in understanding why and how pregnancies fail.
Published Molecular imaging identifies brain changes in response to food cues; offers insight into obesity interventions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Molecular imaging with 18F-flubatine PET/MRI has shown that neuroreceptors in the brains of individuals with obesity respond differently to food cues than those in normal-weight individuals, making the neuroreceptors a prime target for obesity treatments and therapy. This research contributes to the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying obesity and offers valuable insights into potential medical interventions.
Published Follow the leader: Researchers identify mechanism of cancer invasion (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A cancerous tumor is the accumulation of cells uncontrollably dividing, some of which can invade other parts of the body. The process is difficult to predict in detail, and eradicating the cells poses even greater difficulty. Now, a research team has revealed how the exodus initiates, shedding light on a potential therapeutic target to halt the invasion and providing a prognostic marker to help clinicians select the best treatment option.
Published Innovative paper-like, battery-free, AI-enabled sensor for holistic wound monitoring (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have invented a paper-like, battery-free, AI-enabled sensor patch -- PETAL -- for convenient and effective monitoring of wound recovery. This novel technology provides early warning of complications to improve wound care. The paper-like, battery-free PETAL sensor patch uses five colorimetric sensors to measure biomarkers in the wound within 15 mins. A proprietary AI algorithm quickly analyses the digital image of the sensor patch to determine wound healing status with an accuracy rate of 97%.
Published Poor sense of smell linked to increased risk of depression in older adults (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a study that followed more than 2,000 community-dwelling older adults over eight years, researchers say they have significant new evidence of a link between decreased sense of smell and risk of developing late-life depression.
Published Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research links women's lean body mass with how quickly they eliminate alcohol from their system. Women with obesity and those who are older eliminate alcohol from their bloodstreams faster than those of normal weight and those who are younger.
Published Novel study deepens knowledge of treatment-resistant hypertension (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Novel research found that apparent resistant hypertension (aRH) prevalence was lower in a real-world sample than previously reported, but still relatively frequent -- affecting nearly 1 in 10 hypertensive patients.
Published A subtype of depression identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using surveys, cognitive tests and brain imaging, researchers have identified a type of depression that affects about a quarter of patients. The goal is to diagnose and treat the condition more precisely.
Published All the immunity, none of the symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists found pairing specific diets with diarrheal disease-causing bacteria can create lasting immunity in mice without a need to ever experience symptoms. The findings pave the way for vaccine development that could reduce symptoms and mortality of diarrheal illness and other diseases in humans.
Published Grocery store carts set to help diagnose common heart rhythm disorder and prevent stroke (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
It could be the shopping trip that saves your life: supermarket trolleys are helping to diagnose atrial fibrillation which can then be treated to prevent disabling or fatal strokes.
Published The molecular control center of our protein factories (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have deciphered a biochemical mechanism that ensures that newly formed proteins are processed correctly when they leave the cell's own protein factories. This solves a decade-old puzzle in protein sorting.
Published Study sets new standard for graft-versus-host disease prevention after stem cell transplant (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Clinicians have a new standard for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, according to results from a phase III study. The new standard is more effective at preventing GVHD and came with less side effects, compared with the current gold standard.
Published Chronic stress-related neurons identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a group of nerve cells in the mouse brain that are involved in creating negative emotional states and chronic stress. The neurons, which have been mapped with a combination of advanced techniques, also have receptors for estrogen, which could explain why women as a group are more sensitive to stress than men.
Published Pain not perceived in the same way in people with Alzheimer's Disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has found that in a mouse model mimicking Alzheimer's Disease (AD) pain signals are not processed in the same way as in healthy mice.