Showing 20 articles starting at article 1

Next 20 articles >

Categories: Birth Defects, Thyroid Disease

Return to the site home page

Birth Defects Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging
Published

Impact of aldehydes on DNA damage and aging      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the connection between aldehydes, organic compounds produced by cells as part of metabolic processes, and rapid aging. Their findings indicate a potential treatment for diseases that lead to accelerated aging as well as a means to counteract aging in healthy people by controlling exposure to aldehyde-inducing substances including alcohol, pollution, and smoke.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Mitochondrial roles in antiviral immunity modify manifestations of neurological diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists report that a progressive neurodegenerative disease can be triggered by a viral infection. The mechanism relates to mitochondrial roles in antiviral defense mechanisms.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness
Published

YKT6 gene variants cause a new genetic disorder finds a new study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent collaborative study has discovered rare variants in the YKT6 gene as the cause of a new neurological disorder characterized by developmental delays along with severe progressive liver disease and a potential risk for liver cancer.

Birth Defects
Published

Synaptic protein change during development offers clues on evolution and disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how synaptic proteins change during early development reveals differences between mice and marmosets but also what's different in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. The findings offer first insights into the mechanism behind synaptic development and open up routes for research on possible treatments.

Birth Defects
Published

Study of different autism types finds shared mechanism that may respond to drugs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how brains with different forms of autism develop has revealed common underlying mechanisms that may respond to existing medications.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Study eases concern at antipsychotics use in pregnancy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of antipsychotics during pregnancy isn't linked to childhood neurodevelopmental disorders or learning difficulties, study suggests -- giving assurance to those concerned about continuing their medications during pregnancy.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Abnormal brain structure identified in children with developmental language problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rigorous analysis of numerous studies concludes that a part of the brain traditionally associated with movement is abnormal in children with developmental language impairments. The discovery has the potential to improve both the diagnosis and treatment of the language difficulties.

Birth Defects
Published

FRYL gene variants linked to a new neurological disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent study links the FRYL gene to a new neurodevelopmental disorder in humans. They used fruit flies to establish that the loss of a functional copy of the FRY-like transcription coactivator (FRYL) gene is the underlying cause of this new disorder in fourteen individuals.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Integrity of blood-brain barrier depends on protein that is altered in some neurodegenerative diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Defects in the blood vessel network of the central nervous system have been linked to early symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It is this complex vascular network that provides the necessary nutrients -- especially glucose and oxygen -- to activate all neuronal functions. A new study reveals that the TDP-43 protein is essential for forming a stable and mature blood vessel network in the central nervous system.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Adding folic acid to table salt could prevent life-threatening birth defects      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A team of international researchers has demonstrated, for the first time in a field study, that using folic acid-fortified iodized table salt can prevent multiple severe birth defects.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Psychosocial stressors linked to higher inflammation in Black pregnant women      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Living in neighborhoods with more white residents and greater lifetime experiences of racial discrimination are linked to increased systemic inflammation during pregnancy among Black women, according to new research.

Birth Defects Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

This injectable hydrogel mitigates damage to the right ventricle of the heart      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An injectable hydrogel can mitigate damage to the right ventricle of the heart with chronic pressure overload, according to a new study. In 2019, this same hydrogel was shown to be safe in humans through an FDA-approved Phase 1 trial in people who suffered a heart attack. As a result of the new preclinical study, the FDA approved an investigational new drug application to start a clinical trial with the hydrogel in pediatric patients in the coming months, once institutional approvals are received.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Zika vaccine safe, effective when administered during pregnancy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A vaccine against Zika virus is safe and effective when administered both before and during pregnancy, according to new research.

Birth Defects Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

A better way to deliver fetal therapy for serious genetic disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a discovery that opens the door to a less invasive way of treating some serious disorders before birth, UC San Francisco scientists have found that delivering medicine through amniotic fluid is as effective as delivering it to the fetal brain via cerebrospinal fluid. The experiment was done in mice with a genetic disorder called Angelman syndrome.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.

Birth Defects
Published

Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.