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Categories: Child Development, Obesity

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Child Development Living Well
Published

AI outperforms humans in standardized tests of creative potential      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a recent study, 151 human participants were pitted against ChatGPT-4 in three tests designed to measure divergent thinking, which is considered to be an indicator of creative thought.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Study identifies multi-organ response to seven days without food      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New findings reveal that the body undergoes significant, systematic changes across multiple organs during prolonged periods of fasting. The results demonstrate evidence of health benefits beyond weight loss, but also show that any potentially health-altering changes appear to occur only after three days without food.

Child Development Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Could we assess autism in children with a simple eye reflex test?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists may have discovered a new way to test for autism by measuring how children's eyes move when they turn their heads.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.

Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Intervention reduces likelihood of developing postpartum anxiety and depression by more than 70%      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Results from a large clinical trial show that an intervention for anxiety provided to pregnant women living in Pakistan significantly reduced the likelihood of the women developing moderate-to-severe anxiety, depression, or both six weeks after birth.

Child Development Children's Health Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

Can they hear you now? Kids increasingly exposed to noise health risks via earbuds and headphones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

While it's not surprising to spot teens wearing headphones and earbuds, it's also becoming a widespread trend among younger children, a national poll suggests.

Child Development Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

Poison center calls for 'magic mushrooms' spiked after decriminalization, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Calls to U.S. poison centers involving psilocybin, or 'magic mushrooms,' among adolescents and young adults rose sharply after several U.S. cities and states began decriminalizing the hallucinogen, researchers have found.

Chronic Illness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Obesity disrupts normal liver function in mice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Your liver plays a vital role in your metabolism, the biological process which converts food into energy. We know that being overweight can negatively affect metabolic activity, but not exactly how. To better understand this, researchers compared the livers of mice which were a typical weight with mice which were obese. They were surprised to find that biological regulation of metabolic activity, after a period of feasting and fasting, was reversed between them. In typical mice, allosteric regulation (the process which controls metabolism) was inhibited during feeding and activated when fasting. However, in obese mice, allosteric regulation increased during feeding and decreased when fasting.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

School focus on grades, test scores linked to violence against teachers      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Violence against teachers is likely to be higher in schools that focus on grades and test scores than in schools that emphasize student learning, a new study has found.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Hearing relaxing words in your sleep slows your heart down      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have investigated whether the body is truly disconnected from the external world during sleep. To do so, they focused on how heartbeat changes when we hear different words during sleep. They found that relaxing words slowed down cardiac activity as a reflection of deeper sleep and in comparison to neutral words that did not have such a slowing effect. This discovery sheds new light on brain-heart interactions during sleep.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Metabolic diseases may be driven by gut microbiome, loss of ovarian hormones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mice that received fecal implants from donors that had their ovaries removed gained more fat mass and had greater expression of liver genes associated with inflammation, Type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis. The findings may shed light on the greater incidence of metabolic dysfunction in postmenopausal women.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Eating Disorder Research Eating Disorders Nutrition
Published

Avid appetite in childhood linked to later eating disorder symptoms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The study looked at survey data from 3,670 young people in the UK and the Netherlands to investigate how appetite traits in early childhood might relate to the likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms up to 10 years later. The researchers found that a particularly high food responsiveness, defined as the urge to eat when you see, smell or taste palatable food, at the ages of four and five was linked to a higher likelihood of reporting a range of eating disorder symptoms at ages 12 to 14.

Child Development
Published

Time watching videos may stunt toddler language development, but it depends on why they're watching      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study reveals that passive video use among toddlers can negatively affect language development, but their caregiver's motivations for exposing them to digital media could also lessen the impact.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Obesity
Published

Bridging diet, microbes, and metabolism: Implications for metabolic disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mounting evidence suggests that the secret to understanding human health and combating metabolic diseases lies hidden within the microscopic world of our gut bacteria. Recent research reveals that a specific fatty acid produced by gut bacteria directly influences fat metabolism in animals. This research is pivotal as it sheds light on the complex interplay between the diet, gut microbiota, and host metabolic health, offering insights that could open new avenues in our approach to managing metabolic disorders.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Fasting-like diet lowers risk factors for disease, reduces biological age in humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cycles of a diet that mimics fasting can reduce signs of immune system aging, as well as insulin resistance and liver fat in humans, resulting in a lower biological age, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.

Child Development Parenting
Published

To boost a preschooler's language skills, consider reminiscing      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Book sharing is a popular way parents engage young children in conversation. However, not all parents are comfortable with book sharing and not all children like having books read to them. Research provides an alternative. To boost the quality of a preschooler's language experience and skills, consider reminiscing with them. Findings show reminiscing is very good at eliciting high quality speech from parents, and in many ways, is just as good as book sharing (wordless picture books).

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Protein-rich breakfast boosts satiety and concentration      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has explored the link between diet and cognitive function, and the results reveal that a protein-rich breakfast can increase satiety and improve concentration. This is important knowledge in a society with increasing obesity rates and lifestyle-related diseases.