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Categories: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Obesity

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Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Study identifies multi-organ response to seven days without food      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New findings reveal that the body undergoes significant, systematic changes across multiple organs during prolonged periods of fasting. The results demonstrate evidence of health benefits beyond weight loss, but also show that any potentially health-altering changes appear to occur only after three days without food.

Chronic Illness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Obesity disrupts normal liver function in mice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Your liver plays a vital role in your metabolism, the biological process which converts food into energy. We know that being overweight can negatively affect metabolic activity, but not exactly how. To better understand this, researchers compared the livers of mice which were a typical weight with mice which were obese. They were surprised to find that biological regulation of metabolic activity, after a period of feasting and fasting, was reversed between them. In typical mice, allosteric regulation (the process which controls metabolism) was inhibited during feeding and activated when fasting. However, in obese mice, allosteric regulation increased during feeding and decreased when fasting.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Metabolic diseases may be driven by gut microbiome, loss of ovarian hormones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mice that received fecal implants from donors that had their ovaries removed gained more fat mass and had greater expression of liver genes associated with inflammation, Type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis. The findings may shed light on the greater incidence of metabolic dysfunction in postmenopausal women.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Published

Fecal microbiota transplant recommended for the majority of recurrent C. diff patients      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In the first comprehensive evidence-based guideline on the use of fecal microbiota-based therapies for gastrointestinal disease, the American Gastroenterological Association recommends fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) for most patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile (C. diff) infection. FMT therapies are not recommended as a treatment for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Obesity
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Bridging diet, microbes, and metabolism: Implications for metabolic disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mounting evidence suggests that the secret to understanding human health and combating metabolic diseases lies hidden within the microscopic world of our gut bacteria. Recent research reveals that a specific fatty acid produced by gut bacteria directly influences fat metabolism in animals. This research is pivotal as it sheds light on the complex interplay between the diet, gut microbiota, and host metabolic health, offering insights that could open new avenues in our approach to managing metabolic disorders.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Fasting-like diet lowers risk factors for disease, reduces biological age in humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cycles of a diet that mimics fasting can reduce signs of immune system aging, as well as insulin resistance and liver fat in humans, resulting in a lower biological age, according to a new study.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Protein-rich breakfast boosts satiety and concentration      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has explored the link between diet and cognitive function, and the results reveal that a protein-rich breakfast can increase satiety and improve concentration. This is important knowledge in a society with increasing obesity rates and lifestyle-related diseases.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
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New weight loss medication may help lower blood pressure in adults with obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Weight loss medication reduced both day and nighttime blood pressure levels, finds new study.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Weight loss surgery most effective for long-term blood pressure control      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Bariatric surgery is more effective in controlling hypertension rates, or high blood pressure, in people with obesity and uncontrolled high blood pressure compared to blood pressure medication alone, according to a new study. People who underwent bariatric surgery had lower BMI and were on fewer medications after five years while maintaining normal blood pressure levels than those who only used antihypertensive medications.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
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Disrupted cellular function behind type 2 diabetes in obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Disrupted function of 'cleaning cells' in the body may help to explain why some people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, while others do not. A study describes this newly discovered mechanism.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
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Healthy diet early in life seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Having a high dietary intake of fish and vegetables at 1 year of age, and a low intake of sugar beverages, seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease. These are the findings of a study with more than 80,000 children.

Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

A tie between the most common obesity surgeries      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The two most common obesity surgeries -- gastric bypass and gastric sleeve -- have few short-term complications and are equivalent in that sense.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

How fasting may protect against inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists may have discovered a new way in which fasting helps reduce inflammation -- a potentially damaging side-effect of the body's immune system that underlies a number of chronic diseases.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Vegetarian
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Switching to vegan or ketogenic diet rapidly impacts immune system      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (also called keto) diet. Scientists closely monitored various biological responses of people sequentially eating vegan and keto diets for two weeks, in random order. They found that the vegan diet prompted responses linked to innate immunity -- the body's non-specific first line of defense against pathogens -- while the keto diet prompted responses associated with adaptive immunity -- pathogen-specific immunity built through exposures in daily life and vaccination. Metabolic changes and shifts in the participants' microbiomes -- communities of bacteria living in the gut -- were also observed.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Study urges people to think twice before going on a diet      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new qualitative study highlights the negative interpersonal and psychological consequences associated with 'yo-yo dieting,' also known as weight cycling. The work underscores how toxic yo-yo dieting can be and how difficult it can be for people to break the cycle.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

How obesity dismantles our mitochondria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when mice were fed a high-fat diet, mitochondria within their fat cells broke apart and were less able to burn fat, leading to weight gain. They also found they could reverse the effect by targeting a single gene, suggesting a new treatment strategy for obesity.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Obesity Staying Healthy
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The more the merrier: Research shows online interventions with social support help middle-aged adults with obesity lose weight      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Obesity is a problem in the United States. In fact, 42.5% of U.S. adults aged 20 and over have the disease. Not only is obesity the nation's second leading cause of preventable death (behind only smoking cigarettes), it also leads to other serious health issues, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, cancer, sleep apnea and liver disease. The disease and its side effects impose a significant financial burden on America's health care system.

Children's Health Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Obesity spiked in children during COVID-19 lockdowns -- only the youngest bounced back      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Obesity among primary school children in the UK spiked during the COVID-19 lockdown, with a 45% increase between 2019/20 and 2020/21 among 4-5-year-olds, according to a new study. The authors estimated that without reversals, increased obesity rates in Year 6 children alone will cost society an additional 800 million in healthcare.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Role of 'hunger hormone' receptor in obesity-realted chronic inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A team of scientists has made an important discovery that could lead to a novel treatment for obesity and obesity-associated diseases or conditions.