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Categories: Obesity, Schizophrenia

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Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare Vitamin
Published

Obese and overweight children at risk of iron deficiency      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and young people who are overweight or obese are at significantly higher risk of iron deficiency, according to a study by nutritional scientists.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Few newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics succeed in losing weight -- weight gain linked to much higher risk of complications      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A register-based study identified three distinct BMI trajectory groups among patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. In a four-year follow-up, most patients followed a stable trajectory without much weight change. Only 10% of patients lost weight, whereas 3% gained weight. Mean BMI exceeded the threshold of obesity in all groups at baseline. Weight loss is a central treatment goal in type 2 diabetes, but the study shows that few patients succeed in it.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
Published

Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Women with obesity do not need to gain weight during pregnancy, new study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy in obese women have long been questioned. New research supports the idea of lowering or removing the current recommendation of a weight gain of at least 5 kg.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Do sweeteners increase your appetite? New evidence from randomised controlled trial says no      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Replacing sugar with artificial and natural sweeteners in foods does not make people hungrier -- and also helps to reduce blood sugar levels, a significant new study has found. The double blind randomized controlled trial found that consuming food containing sweeteners produced a similar reduction in appetite sensations and appetite-related hormone responses as sugary foods -- and provides some benefits such as lowering blood sugar, which may be particularly important in people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The use of sweeteners in place of sugar in foods can be controversial due to conflicting reports about their potential to increase appetite. Previous studies have been carried out but did not provide robust evidence. However, the researchers say their study, which meets the gold standard level of proof in scientific investigation, provides very strong evidence that sweeteners and sweetness enhancers do not negatively impact appetite and are beneficial for reducing sugar intake.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Reverse effects of trauma? Older brain cells linger unexpectedly before their death      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers report that mature oligodendrocytes -- the central nervous system cells critical for brain function -- cling to life following a fatal trauma for much, much longer than scientists knew. The findings suggest a new pathway for efforts to reverse or prevent the damage that aging and diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause to these important cells.

Children's Health Obesity
Published

More than one billion people around the globe are facing obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The prevalence of malnutrition across the globe was shared by the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, a network of health scientists from around the world who provide and evaluate data on major risk factors for all countries, in collaboration with the World Health Organization. The network participants reviewed body mass index data from more than 3,600 studies from 1990 to 2022, determining the rates of malnutrition, either from obesity or underweight, for all countries, and the degree to which the data has changed through the years.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Less obesity in 3- and 4-year-olds after the pandemic, Swedish study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the group of 3- and 4-year-olds in Sweden has decreased after the pandemic. The increase during the pandemic thus appears to have been temporary, according to a new study.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Metformin during pregnancy affects the brain development in offspring mice, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

With the rise in gestational diabetes and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, metformin is also being prescribed more frequently. Although it is known that the oral antidiabetic agent can cross the placental barrier, the impacts on the brain development of the child are largely unknown. Researchers have now been able to demonstrate in a mouse model that although metformin has positive effects in pregnant animals, it does not in the offspring.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity
Published

Keto diet prevents early memory decline in mice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows the keto diet prevents early memory decline in mice. A molecule in the diet plays a key role in slowing Alzheimer's disease.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Fiber, genes and the gut microbiome: Study reveals possible triggers for inflammatory bowel disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study finds a complex interplay between diet, genes, and the gut microbiota that could explain why IBD develops.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Obesity
Published

Kallistatin contributes to the beneficial metabolic effects of weight loss      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

After weight loss, people with overweight and obesity express more of the protein Kallistatin in subcutaneous white adipose tissue. Kallistatin improves metabolism and could open up new therapeutic options for people with obesity and type 2 diabetes in future.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

Fatty food before surgery may impair memory in old, young adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Eating fatty food in the days leading up to surgery may prompt a heightened inflammatory response in the brain that interferes for weeks with memory-related cognitive function in older adults -- and, new research in animals suggests, even in young adults.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Middle-age obesity is caused by changes in the shape of neurons in the brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers discovered a mechanism behind middle-age obesity in rat brains. They believe that a similar mechanism exists in humans as well. This discovery may lead to improvements in preventing obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Children's Health Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Maternal obesity may promote liver cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Obesity, which could reach 50% of the population in certain developed countries by 2030, is a major public health concern. It not only affects the health of those who suffer from it, but could also have serious consequences for their offspring. Scientists have studied the impact of maternal obesity on the risk of developing liver disease and liver cancer. Using an animal model, the team discovered that this risk was indeed much higher in the offspring of mothers suffering from obesity.

Healthy Aging Schizophrenia
Published

Schizophrenia and aging may share a common biological basis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have uncovered a strikingly similar suite of changes in gene activity in brain tissue from people with schizophrenia and from older adults. These changes suggest a common biological basis for the cognitive impairment often seen in people with schizophrenia and in the elderly.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Sweetened drinks linked to atrial fibrillation risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of health data in the UK Biobank found a 20% higher risk of irregular heart rhythm, known as atrial fibrillation, among people who said they drank two liters or more per week (about 67 ounces) of artificially sweetened drinks. The risk was 10% higher among people who said they drank similar amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Waist-to-height ratio detects fat obesity in children and adolescents significantly better than BMI      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An inexpensive measure of obesity in children and adolescents that could replace body mass index (BMI) has been identified in a new study as waist circumference-to-height ratio. This measure detected excess fat mass and distinguished fat mass from muscle mass in children and adolescents more accurately than BMI.