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Categories: Fertility, Obesity

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Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Metabolic diseases may be driven by gut microbiome, loss of ovarian hormones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mice that received fecal implants from donors that had their ovaries removed gained more fat mass and had greater expression of liver genes associated with inflammation, Type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis. The findings may shed light on the greater incidence of metabolic dysfunction in postmenopausal women.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Obesity
Published

Bridging diet, microbes, and metabolism: Implications for metabolic disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Mounting evidence suggests that the secret to understanding human health and combating metabolic diseases lies hidden within the microscopic world of our gut bacteria. Recent research reveals that a specific fatty acid produced by gut bacteria directly influences fat metabolism in animals. This research is pivotal as it sheds light on the complex interplay between the diet, gut microbiota, and host metabolic health, offering insights that could open new avenues in our approach to managing metabolic disorders.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Healthy Aging Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
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Fasting-like diet lowers risk factors for disease, reduces biological age in humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cycles of a diet that mimics fasting can reduce signs of immune system aging, as well as insulin resistance and liver fat in humans, resulting in a lower biological age, according to a new study.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Oocytes outsmart toxic proteins to preserve long-term female fertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The accumulation of misfolded or damaged proteins in long-lived, non-dividing cells like neurons are linked to neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's. A study now finds that the build-up of these toxic proteins also influences oocyte quality and female fertility. The researchers discovered that mouse oocytes have specialized structures which roam the cytoplasm and act like a clean-up crew which capture and hold onto protein aggregates, rendering them harmless. Failure to degrade the toxic proteins led to the formation of defective eggs. 3 in 5 (60%) of mouse embryos that inherited the toxic proteins failed to complete the very earlies stages of development. The study presents a new frontier to explore the underlying mechanisms of poor oocyte quality, which is the leading cause of female infertility.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Scientists discover new target for reversible, non-hormonal male birth control      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists discovered a new target for reversible, non-hormonal male birth control. The drug, an HDAC inhibitor, blocked sperm production and fertility in male mice without affecting libido or future reproduction.

Fertility
Published

What can bulls tell us about men?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found genes in the reproductive organs of bulls that influence fertility. The findings can be transferred to humans, as these genes are also present in men.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Protein-rich breakfast boosts satiety and concentration      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has explored the link between diet and cognitive function, and the results reveal that a protein-rich breakfast can increase satiety and improve concentration. This is important knowledge in a society with increasing obesity rates and lifestyle-related diseases.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Male fertility gene discovery reveals path to success for sperm      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The discovery of a pair of genes that work in perfect harmony to protect male fertility could provide new insights into some unexplained cases of the most severe form of infertility, research suggests.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Fertility Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Fertility Healthy Aging Menopause Today's Healthcare Women's Health - General
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How ovarian tissue freezing could prevent menopause -- possibly forever      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new paradigm around the biological processes of menopause is capturing the attention of scientists. The primary question: can menopause be delayed in healthy women, allowing them to extend their child-bearing years -- and perhaps even forestall some of the health risks and uncomfortable symptoms linked to plummeting estrogen levels?

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

New weight loss medication may help lower blood pressure in adults with obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Weight loss medication reduced both day and nighttime blood pressure levels, finds new study.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
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Weight loss surgery most effective for long-term blood pressure control      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Bariatric surgery is more effective in controlling hypertension rates, or high blood pressure, in people with obesity and uncontrolled high blood pressure compared to blood pressure medication alone, according to a new study. People who underwent bariatric surgery had lower BMI and were on fewer medications after five years while maintaining normal blood pressure levels than those who only used antihypertensive medications.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
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Disrupted cellular function behind type 2 diabetes in obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Disrupted function of 'cleaning cells' in the body may help to explain why some people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, while others do not. A study describes this newly discovered mechanism.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
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Healthy diet early in life seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Having a high dietary intake of fish and vegetables at 1 year of age, and a low intake of sugar beverages, seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease. These are the findings of a study with more than 80,000 children.

Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

A tie between the most common obesity surgeries      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The two most common obesity surgeries -- gastric bypass and gastric sleeve -- have few short-term complications and are equivalent in that sense.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

How fasting may protect against inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists may have discovered a new way in which fasting helps reduce inflammation -- a potentially damaging side-effect of the body's immune system that underlies a number of chronic diseases.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Vegetarian
Published

Switching to vegan or ketogenic diet rapidly impacts immune system      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (also called keto) diet. Scientists closely monitored various biological responses of people sequentially eating vegan and keto diets for two weeks, in random order. They found that the vegan diet prompted responses linked to innate immunity -- the body's non-specific first line of defense against pathogens -- while the keto diet prompted responses associated with adaptive immunity -- pathogen-specific immunity built through exposures in daily life and vaccination. Metabolic changes and shifts in the participants' microbiomes -- communities of bacteria living in the gut -- were also observed.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity
Published

Study urges people to think twice before going on a diet      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new qualitative study highlights the negative interpersonal and psychological consequences associated with 'yo-yo dieting,' also known as weight cycling. The work underscores how toxic yo-yo dieting can be and how difficult it can be for people to break the cycle.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

How obesity dismantles our mitochondria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when mice were fed a high-fat diet, mitochondria within their fat cells broke apart and were less able to burn fat, leading to weight gain. They also found they could reverse the effect by targeting a single gene, suggesting a new treatment strategy for obesity.