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Categories: Birth Defects, Relationships

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Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.

Relationships
Published

Reported marital harmony -- or conflict -- accounts for nearly ten percent of the variation in mental health self-assessments in a broad study of Australian adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Australian adults who report a good relationship that meets their original expectations tend to score higher in mental health, while adults who report loving their spouse but wished they had never entered the relationship and note relationship problems tend to score significantly lower in mental health, according to a survey of almost 7000 Australian adults.

Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Relationships
Published

Low voice pitch increases standing among strangers      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

If you're looking for a long-term relationship or to boost your social status, lower your pitch, according to researchers studying the effects of voice pitch on social perceptions. They found that lower voice pitch makes women and men sound more attractive to potential long-term partners, and lower voice pitch in males makes the individual sound more formidable and prestigious among other men.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Birth Defects Nutrition Pregnancy and Childbirth Staying Healthy
Published

Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Relationships
Published

How a city is organized can create less-biased citizens      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study presents data and a mathematical model to explain why there is more unconscious, or implicit, racial bias in some cities than others. The study, which brings together the math of cities with the psychology of how individuals develop unconscious racial biases, suggests that a city's level of implicit bias depends on how populous, diverse, and segregated that city is.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to memory, thinking problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more likely to have memory and thinking problems in middle age, according to new research. The study does not prove that polycystic ovary syndrome causes cognitive decline. It only shows an association.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Brain protein's virus-like structure may help explain cancer-induced memory loss      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a rare but serious complication of cancer, the body's own immune system can start attacking the brain, causing rapid-onset memory loss and cognitive deficits. What triggers this sudden biological civil war was largely unknown. Now, researchers have found that some tumors can release a protein that looks like a virus, kickstarting an out-of-control immune reaction that may damage brain cells.

Relationships
Published

Looking for love? Try finding purpose as well      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The world of online dating can be overwhelming with the dizzying array of options for attracting a partner but new research shows that those looking for love may have more success if they also seek a sense of purpose in life.

Birth Defects Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Maternal pulse recording during childbirth prevents encephalopathy in newborn babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

External heart rate monitoring, the most common method of monitoring the fetus, may leave signs of fetal hypoxia undetected if the maternal pulse rate is not simultaneously monitored. The risk is that the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, with fetal distress going unnoticed.

Birth Defects Children's Health Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.

Birth Defects Gynecology Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Gene behind heart defects in Down syndrome identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a gene that causes heart defects in Down syndrome, a condition that results from an additional copy of chromosome 21. Reducing the overactivity of this gene partially reversed these defects in mice, setting the scene for potential future therapies for heart conditions in people with Down syndrome.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Ultrasounds can help predict the risk of preterm births      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have developed a way to use ultrasound to predict whether a pregnant person is at risk of delivering a baby prematurely, which occurs in upward of 10% of pregnancies in the U.S.

Birth Defects Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Exposure to flame retardants linked to premature birth, higher birth weight      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Exposure to organophosphate ester flame retardants during pregnancy is linked to premature births and greater fetal growth, according to a new study.

Relationships
Published

Couples: Caring for oneself can lead to happier relationships -- on both sides      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Being more forgiving of your own shortcomings in a romantic relationship can lead to happier couples. A total of 209 heterosexual couples were surveyed. The results show that men in particular benefit if their partner is self-compassionate. The results provide important information for couples' therapies, as self-compassion can be trained.