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Categories: Birth Defects, Parenting

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Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.

Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Intervention reduces likelihood of developing postpartum anxiety and depression by more than 70%      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Results from a large clinical trial show that an intervention for anxiety provided to pregnant women living in Pakistan significantly reduced the likelihood of the women developing moderate-to-severe anxiety, depression, or both six weeks after birth.

Child Development Children's Health Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

Can they hear you now? Kids increasingly exposed to noise health risks via earbuds and headphones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

While it's not surprising to spot teens wearing headphones and earbuds, it's also becoming a widespread trend among younger children, a national poll suggests.

Birth Defects
Published

Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.

Child Development Parenting
Published

To boost a preschooler's language skills, consider reminiscing      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Book sharing is a popular way parents engage young children in conversation. However, not all parents are comfortable with book sharing and not all children like having books read to them. Research provides an alternative. To boost the quality of a preschooler's language experience and skills, consider reminiscing with them. Findings show reminiscing is very good at eliciting high quality speech from parents, and in many ways, is just as good as book sharing (wordless picture books).

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.

Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Birth Defects Nutrition Pregnancy and Childbirth Staying Healthy
Published

Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Early drawing and building skills linked to enhanced education and behavior in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fine motor skills in young children are linked to better GCSE scores and fewer behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to memory, thinking problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more likely to have memory and thinking problems in middle age, according to new research. The study does not prove that polycystic ovary syndrome causes cognitive decline. It only shows an association.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Brain protein's virus-like structure may help explain cancer-induced memory loss      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a rare but serious complication of cancer, the body's own immune system can start attacking the brain, causing rapid-onset memory loss and cognitive deficits. What triggers this sudden biological civil war was largely unknown. Now, researchers have found that some tumors can release a protein that looks like a virus, kickstarting an out-of-control immune reaction that may damage brain cells.

Parenting
Published

Study suggests secret for getting teens to listen to unsolicited advice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study may hold a secret for getting your teenager to listen to appreciate your unsolicited advice. The study, which included 'emerging adults' -- those in their late teens and early 20s -- found teens will appreciate parents' unsolicited advice, but only if the parent is supportive of their teens' autonomy.

Birth Defects Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Maternal pulse recording during childbirth prevents encephalopathy in newborn babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

External heart rate monitoring, the most common method of monitoring the fetus, may leave signs of fetal hypoxia undetected if the maternal pulse rate is not simultaneously monitored. The risk is that the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, with fetal distress going unnoticed.