Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published AI outperforms humans in standardized tests of creative potential (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a recent study, 151 human participants were pitted against ChatGPT-4 in three tests designed to measure divergent thinking, which is considered to be an indicator of creative thought.
Published Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.
Published Could we assess autism in children with a simple eye reflex test? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists may have discovered a new way to test for autism by measuring how children's eyes move when they turn their heads.
Published New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.
Published Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter' (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.
Published Intervention reduces likelihood of developing postpartum anxiety and depression by more than 70% (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Results from a large clinical trial show that an intervention for anxiety provided to pregnant women living in Pakistan significantly reduced the likelihood of the women developing moderate-to-severe anxiety, depression, or both six weeks after birth.
Published Can they hear you now? Kids increasingly exposed to noise health risks via earbuds and headphones (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
While it's not surprising to spot teens wearing headphones and earbuds, it's also becoming a widespread trend among younger children, a national poll suggests.
Published Poison center calls for 'magic mushrooms' spiked after decriminalization, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Calls to U.S. poison centers involving psilocybin, or 'magic mushrooms,' among adolescents and young adults rose sharply after several U.S. cities and states began decriminalizing the hallucinogen, researchers have found.
Published Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.
Published School focus on grades, test scores linked to violence against teachers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Violence against teachers is likely to be higher in schools that focus on grades and test scores than in schools that emphasize student learning, a new study has found.
Published Hearing relaxing words in your sleep slows your heart down (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have investigated whether the body is truly disconnected from the external world during sleep. To do so, they focused on how heartbeat changes when we hear different words during sleep. They found that relaxing words slowed down cardiac activity as a reflection of deeper sleep and in comparison to neutral words that did not have such a slowing effect. This discovery sheds new light on brain-heart interactions during sleep.
Published New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.
Published Avid appetite in childhood linked to later eating disorder symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The study looked at survey data from 3,670 young people in the UK and the Netherlands to investigate how appetite traits in early childhood might relate to the likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms up to 10 years later. The researchers found that a particularly high food responsiveness, defined as the urge to eat when you see, smell or taste palatable food, at the ages of four and five was linked to a higher likelihood of reporting a range of eating disorder symptoms at ages 12 to 14.
Published Time watching videos may stunt toddler language development, but it depends on why they're watching (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study reveals that passive video use among toddlers can negatively affect language development, but their caregiver's motivations for exposing them to digital media could also lessen the impact.
Published Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.
Published To boost a preschooler's language skills, consider reminiscing (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Book sharing is a popular way parents engage young children in conversation. However, not all parents are comfortable with book sharing and not all children like having books read to them. Research provides an alternative. To boost the quality of a preschooler's language experience and skills, consider reminiscing with them. Findings show reminiscing is very good at eliciting high quality speech from parents, and in many ways, is just as good as book sharing (wordless picture books).
Published How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.
Published Great apes playfully tease each other (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Babies playfully tease others as young as eight months of age. Since language is not required for this behavior, similar kinds of playful teasing might be present in non-human animals. Now cognitive biologists and primatologists have documented playful teasing in four species of great apes. Like joking behavior in humans, ape teasing is provocative, persistent, and includes elements of surprise and play. Because all four great ape species used playful teasing, it is likely that the prerequisites for humor evolved in the human lineage at least 13 million years ago.
Published Are you depressed? Scents might help (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Smelling a familiar scent can help depressed individuals recall specific autobiographical memories and potentially assist in their recovery.
Published Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.