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Categories: Birth Defects, Infant and Preschool Learning

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Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.

Birth Defects
Published

Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.

Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Birth Defects Nutrition Pregnancy and Childbirth Staying Healthy
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Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Early drawing and building skills linked to enhanced education and behavior in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fine motor skills in young children are linked to better GCSE scores and fewer behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to memory, thinking problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more likely to have memory and thinking problems in middle age, according to new research. The study does not prove that polycystic ovary syndrome causes cognitive decline. It only shows an association.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
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Brain protein's virus-like structure may help explain cancer-induced memory loss      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a rare but serious complication of cancer, the body's own immune system can start attacking the brain, causing rapid-onset memory loss and cognitive deficits. What triggers this sudden biological civil war was largely unknown. Now, researchers have found that some tumors can release a protein that looks like a virus, kickstarting an out-of-control immune reaction that may damage brain cells.

Birth Defects Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Maternal pulse recording during childbirth prevents encephalopathy in newborn babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

External heart rate monitoring, the most common method of monitoring the fetus, may leave signs of fetal hypoxia undetected if the maternal pulse rate is not simultaneously monitored. The risk is that the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, with fetal distress going unnoticed.

Birth Defects Children's Health Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
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Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.

Birth Defects Gynecology Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Gene behind heart defects in Down syndrome identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a gene that causes heart defects in Down syndrome, a condition that results from an additional copy of chromosome 21. Reducing the overactivity of this gene partially reversed these defects in mice, setting the scene for potential future therapies for heart conditions in people with Down syndrome.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Ultrasounds can help predict the risk of preterm births      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have developed a way to use ultrasound to predict whether a pregnant person is at risk of delivering a baby prematurely, which occurs in upward of 10% of pregnancies in the U.S.