Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.
Published New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.
Published Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter' (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.
Published Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice.
Published New insight into gene uncovers its link to incurable birth defect (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have unraveled how mutations in a gene can lead to an incurable neurodevelopmental disorder that causes abnormal brain development in newborns and infants.
Published Stress during pregnancy can lead to early maturation of first-born daughters (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found a correlation between early signs of adrenal puberty in first-born daughters and their mothers' having experienced high levels of prenatal stress. They did not find the same result in boys or daughters who were not first-born.
Published How parents can help prevent the development of ADHD symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Parents of young children with an excitable or exuberant temperament could adapt their parenting style to help moderate their child's potential development of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), according to a new study.
Published Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.
Published Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.
Published Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.
Published Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.
Published Early drawing and building skills linked to enhanced education and behavior in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fine motor skills in young children are linked to better GCSE scores and fewer behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study.
Published Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.
Published Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to memory, thinking problems (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more likely to have memory and thinking problems in middle age, according to new research. The study does not prove that polycystic ovary syndrome causes cognitive decline. It only shows an association.
Published Brain protein's virus-like structure may help explain cancer-induced memory loss (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a rare but serious complication of cancer, the body's own immune system can start attacking the brain, causing rapid-onset memory loss and cognitive deficits. What triggers this sudden biological civil war was largely unknown. Now, researchers have found that some tumors can release a protein that looks like a virus, kickstarting an out-of-control immune reaction that may damage brain cells.
Published Maternal pulse recording during childbirth prevents encephalopathy in newborn babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
External heart rate monitoring, the most common method of monitoring the fetus, may leave signs of fetal hypoxia undetected if the maternal pulse rate is not simultaneously monitored. The risk is that the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, with fetal distress going unnoticed.
Published Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.
Published Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.
Published Gene behind heart defects in Down syndrome identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a gene that causes heart defects in Down syndrome, a condition that results from an additional copy of chromosome 21. Reducing the overactivity of this gene partially reversed these defects in mice, setting the scene for potential future therapies for heart conditions in people with Down syndrome.
Published Ultrasounds can help predict the risk of preterm births (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have developed a way to use ultrasound to predict whether a pregnant person is at risk of delivering a baby prematurely, which occurs in upward of 10% of pregnancies in the U.S.