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Categories: Birth Defects, Depression

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Birth Defects
Published

Genetic variant identified that shaped the human skull base      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a variant in the gene TBX1 as key in the development of the unique morphology at the base of the skull. TBX1 is present at higher levels in humans than in closely related hominins. Low TBX1 also occurs in certain genetic conditions causing altered skull base morphology. This study provides a greater understanding of human disease and evolution.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Today's Healthcare
Published

Adults with congenital heart disease faced higher risk of abnormal heart rhythms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adults with congenital heart defects were more likely to experience an abnormal, irregular heartbeat, finds a new study.

Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Teen stress may raise risk of postpartum depression in adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team reports that social stress during adolescence in female mice later results in prolonged elevation of the hormone cortisol after they give birth.

Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

Physical activity reduces stress-related brain activity to lower cardiovascular disease risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Over a ten-year period, biobank participants who met recommended levels of physical activity had a 23% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, and the protective effects were even more pronounced in individuals with depression.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging
Published

Impact of aldehydes on DNA damage and aging      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the connection between aldehydes, organic compounds produced by cells as part of metabolic processes, and rapid aging. Their findings indicate a potential treatment for diseases that lead to accelerated aging as well as a means to counteract aging in healthy people by controlling exposure to aldehyde-inducing substances including alcohol, pollution, and smoke.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Brain stimulation treatment may improve depression, anxiety in older adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A noninvasive brain stimulation treatment improved depression and anxiety symptoms among older adults in a new study.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.

Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Heart disease, depression linked by inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Coronary artery disease and major depression may be genetically linked via inflammatory pathways to an increased risk for cardiomyopathy, a degenerative heart muscle disease, researchers have found.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Prairie voles display signs of human-like depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers make the case that prairie voles, small rodents that are found throughout the central United States and Canada, can be effectively used as animal models to further the study of clinical depression.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Mitochondrial roles in antiviral immunity modify manifestations of neurological diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists report that a progressive neurodegenerative disease can be triggered by a viral infection. The mechanism relates to mitochondrial roles in antiviral defense mechanisms.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
Published

Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness
Published

YKT6 gene variants cause a new genetic disorder finds a new study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent collaborative study has discovered rare variants in the YKT6 gene as the cause of a new neurological disorder characterized by developmental delays along with severe progressive liver disease and a potential risk for liver cancer.

Depression Menopause Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Positive associations between premenstrual disorders and perinatal depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women affected by premenstrual disorders have a higher risk of perinatal depression compared with those who do not, according to new research. The relationship works both ways: those with perinatal depression are also more likely to develop premenstrual disorders after pregnancy and childbirth. This study suggests that a common mechanism might contribute to the two conditions.

Chronic Illness Depression Diabetes Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

For younger women, mental health now may predict heart health later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Younger women are generally thought to have a low risk of heart disease, but new research urges clinicians to revisit that assumption, especially for women who suffer from certain mental health conditions. A new study found that having anxiety or depression could accelerate the development of cardiovascular risk factors among young and middle-aged women.

Birth Defects
Published

Synaptic protein change during development offers clues on evolution and disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how synaptic proteins change during early development reveals differences between mice and marmosets but also what's different in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. The findings offer first insights into the mechanism behind synaptic development and open up routes for research on possible treatments.

Depression Mental Health Research Today's Healthcare
Published

People with depression see no immediate change from common GP assessment, study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A common GP assessment used to monitor depression treatment does not provide any immediate benefits to patients. Experts testing the PHQ-9 assessment that measures the severity of depression found it did nothing to improve symptoms in first three months.

Birth Defects
Published

Study of different autism types finds shared mechanism that may respond to drugs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how brains with different forms of autism develop has revealed common underlying mechanisms that may respond to existing medications.

Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Large-scale animal study links brain pH changes to wide-ranging cognitive issues      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The International Brain pH Project Consortium unveils groundbreaking findings in a large-scale animal model study, indicating altered brain pH and lactate levels as a transdiagnostic endophenotype in neuropsychiatric disorders with cognitive impairment. This collaborative effort, involving 131 researchers across six countries, challenges existing notions and may pave the way for novel strategies in understanding and addressing biologically diverse and debilitating disorders impacting cognitive function.