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Categories: Birth Defects, Diet and Weight Loss

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Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Fertility Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition
Published

Physical activity is insufficient to counter cardiovascular risk associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Contrary to popular belief, the benefits of physical activity do not outweigh the risks of cardiovascular disease associated with drinking sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Nutrition Pregnancy and Childbirth Staying Healthy
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Pregnant women should avoid ultraprocessed, fast foods, experts urge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research shows that phthalates, a class of chemicals associated with plastics, can shed from the wrapping, packaging and even from plastic gloves worn by food handlers into food. Once consumed during pregnancy, the chemicals can get into the bloodstream, through the placenta and then into the fetal bloodstream. The chemical can cause oxidative stress and an inflammatory cascade within the fetus, researchers noted. Previous literature has indicated that exposure to phthalates during pregnancy can increase the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and child mental health conditions such as autism and ADHD.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
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Researchers make progress toward developing blood tests for psychiatric and neurological disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers used genetic material from human blood and lab-grown brain cells say they have made progress in developing a blood test to identify disease-associated changes in the brain specifically linked to postpartum depression and other psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

New weight loss medication may help lower blood pressure in adults with obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Weight loss medication reduced both day and nighttime blood pressure levels, finds new study.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Weight loss surgery most effective for long-term blood pressure control      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Bariatric surgery is more effective in controlling hypertension rates, or high blood pressure, in people with obesity and uncontrolled high blood pressure compared to blood pressure medication alone, according to a new study. People who underwent bariatric surgery had lower BMI and were on fewer medications after five years while maintaining normal blood pressure levels than those who only used antihypertensive medications.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

Disrupted cellular function behind type 2 diabetes in obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Disrupted function of 'cleaning cells' in the body may help to explain why some people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, while others do not. A study describes this newly discovered mechanism.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Fitness
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Understanding rapid weight loss in older women: Message from the heart      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Unexplained rapid weight loss in older people could be a sign of underlying disease and can be linked with increased risk of falls and fractures, as well as a poorer long-term prognosis.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Polycystic ovary syndrome tied to memory, thinking problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People with polycystic ovary syndrome may be more likely to have memory and thinking problems in middle age, according to new research. The study does not prove that polycystic ovary syndrome causes cognitive decline. It only shows an association.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Brain protein's virus-like structure may help explain cancer-induced memory loss      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a rare but serious complication of cancer, the body's own immune system can start attacking the brain, causing rapid-onset memory loss and cognitive deficits. What triggers this sudden biological civil war was largely unknown. Now, researchers have found that some tumors can release a protein that looks like a virus, kickstarting an out-of-control immune reaction that may damage brain cells.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Healthy diet early in life seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Having a high dietary intake of fish and vegetables at 1 year of age, and a low intake of sugar beverages, seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease. These are the findings of a study with more than 80,000 children.

Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

A tie between the most common obesity surgeries      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The two most common obesity surgeries -- gastric bypass and gastric sleeve -- have few short-term complications and are equivalent in that sense.

Birth Defects Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Maternal pulse recording during childbirth prevents encephalopathy in newborn babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

External heart rate monitoring, the most common method of monitoring the fetus, may leave signs of fetal hypoxia undetected if the maternal pulse rate is not simultaneously monitored. The risk is that the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, with fetal distress going unnoticed.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

How fasting may protect against inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists may have discovered a new way in which fasting helps reduce inflammation -- a potentially damaging side-effect of the body's immune system that underlies a number of chronic diseases.

Birth Defects Children's Health Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Vegetarian
Published

Switching to vegan or ketogenic diet rapidly impacts immune system      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (also called keto) diet. Scientists closely monitored various biological responses of people sequentially eating vegan and keto diets for two weeks, in random order. They found that the vegan diet prompted responses linked to innate immunity -- the body's non-specific first line of defense against pathogens -- while the keto diet prompted responses associated with adaptive immunity -- pathogen-specific immunity built through exposures in daily life and vaccination. Metabolic changes and shifts in the participants' microbiomes -- communities of bacteria living in the gut -- were also observed.

Birth Defects Gynecology Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.