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Categories: Birth Defects, Staying Healthy

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Birth Defects Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
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Mixed diets balance nutrition and carbon footprint      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

What we eat can impact our health as well as the environment. Many studies have looked at the impacts of diets in very general terms focused at the level of food groups. A new study explores this issue following a more nuanced dish-level approach. One of the benefits of this kind of study is that people's connections with their diets vary around the world and have strong cultural associations. Knowledge of the impacts of diets using dishes rather than broad food groups can help individuals make informed choices and those in the food industry improve their practices.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging
Published

Impact of aldehydes on DNA damage and aging      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the connection between aldehydes, organic compounds produced by cells as part of metabolic processes, and rapid aging. Their findings indicate a potential treatment for diseases that lead to accelerated aging as well as a means to counteract aging in healthy people by controlling exposure to aldehyde-inducing substances including alcohol, pollution, and smoke.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
Published

Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Mitochondrial roles in antiviral immunity modify manifestations of neurological diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists report that a progressive neurodegenerative disease can be triggered by a viral infection. The mechanism relates to mitochondrial roles in antiviral defense mechanisms.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
Published

Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness
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YKT6 gene variants cause a new genetic disorder finds a new study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent collaborative study has discovered rare variants in the YKT6 gene as the cause of a new neurological disorder characterized by developmental delays along with severe progressive liver disease and a potential risk for liver cancer.

Birth Defects
Published

Synaptic protein change during development offers clues on evolution and disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how synaptic proteins change during early development reveals differences between mice and marmosets but also what's different in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. The findings offer first insights into the mechanism behind synaptic development and open up routes for research on possible treatments.

Birth Defects
Published

Study of different autism types finds shared mechanism that may respond to drugs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how brains with different forms of autism develop has revealed common underlying mechanisms that may respond to existing medications.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
Published

An avocado a day may improve overall diet quality, researchers report      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Eating one avocado per day may improve overall diet quality. A recent study found that the participants who had an avocado per day significantly increased their adherence to dietary guidelines.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Study eases concern at antipsychotics use in pregnancy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of antipsychotics during pregnancy isn't linked to childhood neurodevelopmental disorders or learning difficulties, study suggests -- giving assurance to those concerned about continuing their medications during pregnancy.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Abnormal brain structure identified in children with developmental language problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rigorous analysis of numerous studies concludes that a part of the brain traditionally associated with movement is abnormal in children with developmental language impairments. The discovery has the potential to improve both the diagnosis and treatment of the language difficulties.

Birth Defects
Published

FRYL gene variants linked to a new neurological disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent study links the FRYL gene to a new neurodevelopmental disorder in humans. They used fruit flies to establish that the loss of a functional copy of the FRY-like transcription coactivator (FRYL) gene is the underlying cause of this new disorder in fourteen individuals.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
Published

How home food availability affects young children's nutrient intake      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Early childhood is an important time for learning about nutrition and establishing healthy eating behaviors. Young children rely on parents to provide food options, and the availability of food in the home affects their dietary choices. A new study looks at changes in home food availability and nutrient intake for children from 2 to 4 years old.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Integrity of blood-brain barrier depends on protein that is altered in some neurodegenerative diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Defects in the blood vessel network of the central nervous system have been linked to early symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It is this complex vascular network that provides the necessary nutrients -- especially glucose and oxygen -- to activate all neuronal functions. A new study reveals that the TDP-43 protein is essential for forming a stable and mature blood vessel network in the central nervous system.

Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Staying Healthy
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Researchers identify distinct sleep types and their impact on long-term health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Poor sleep habits are strongly associated with long-term chronic health conditions, according to decades of research. To better understand this relationship, a team identified four distinct patterns that characterize how most people sleep. These patterns are also predictive of long-term health, the researchers said.

Birth Defects Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Adding folic acid to table salt could prevent life-threatening birth defects      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A team of international researchers has demonstrated, for the first time in a field study, that using folic acid-fortified iodized table salt can prevent multiple severe birth defects.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Psychosocial stressors linked to higher inflammation in Black pregnant women      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Living in neighborhoods with more white residents and greater lifetime experiences of racial discrimination are linked to increased systemic inflammation during pregnancy among Black women, according to new research.

Birth Defects Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

This injectable hydrogel mitigates damage to the right ventricle of the heart      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An injectable hydrogel can mitigate damage to the right ventricle of the heart with chronic pressure overload, according to a new study. In 2019, this same hydrogel was shown to be safe in humans through an FDA-approved Phase 1 trial in people who suffered a heart attack. As a result of the new preclinical study, the FDA approved an investigational new drug application to start a clinical trial with the hydrogel in pediatric patients in the coming months, once institutional approvals are received.