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Categories: Birth Defects, Fitness

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Chronic Illness Fitness Today's Healthcare
Published

How data provided by fitness trackers and smartphones can help people with MS      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Monitoring and treating a case of multiple sclerosis requires reliable and long-term data on how the disease is progressing in the person in question. Fitness trackers and smartphones can supply this data, as a research team has now shown.

Birth Defects
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Genetic variant identified that shaped the human skull base      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a variant in the gene TBX1 as key in the development of the unique morphology at the base of the skull. TBX1 is present at higher levels in humans than in closely related hominins. Low TBX1 also occurs in certain genetic conditions causing altered skull base morphology. This study provides a greater understanding of human disease and evolution.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Today's Healthcare
Published

Adults with congenital heart disease faced higher risk of abnormal heart rhythms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adults with congenital heart defects were more likely to experience an abnormal, irregular heartbeat, finds a new study.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research Schizophrenia
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Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Diabetes Fitness
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Does the time of day you move your body make a difference to your health?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Undertaking the majority of daily physical activity in the evening is linked to the greatest health benefits for people living with obesity, according to researchers who followed the trajectory of 30,000 people over almost 8 years.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging
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Impact of aldehydes on DNA damage and aging      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the connection between aldehydes, organic compounds produced by cells as part of metabolic processes, and rapid aging. Their findings indicate a potential treatment for diseases that lead to accelerated aging as well as a means to counteract aging in healthy people by controlling exposure to aldehyde-inducing substances including alcohol, pollution, and smoke.

Birth Defects Psychology Research
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Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.

Fitness
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Short-term incentives for exercise can lead to sustained increases in activity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adults with heart disease risks who received daily reminders or incentives to become more active increased their daily steps by more than 1,500 after a year, and many were still sticking with their new habit six months later, according to a new study.

Children's Health Fitness
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Low cardiorespiratory fitness in youth is associated with decreased work ability throughout adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study confirms the concerns raised in the public domain about how young people's decreased fitness may affect their future work ability. The association of low youth cardiorespiratory fitness and adulthood decreased work ability persisted until the end of working life, which predicts substantial societal costs.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness
Published

Mitochondrial roles in antiviral immunity modify manifestations of neurological diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists report that a progressive neurodegenerative disease can be triggered by a viral infection. The mechanism relates to mitochondrial roles in antiviral defense mechanisms.

Fitness
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Exercise habits in youth create better health outcomes for some      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Forming a long-term recreational exercise habit as a young person has a beneficial impact on physical and mental health later in life, but some groups, such as females and academic high-achievers, miss out on these benefits disproportionately.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Birth Defects Children's Health Chronic Illness
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YKT6 gene variants cause a new genetic disorder finds a new study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent collaborative study has discovered rare variants in the YKT6 gene as the cause of a new neurological disorder characterized by developmental delays along with severe progressive liver disease and a potential risk for liver cancer.

Birth Defects
Published

Synaptic protein change during development offers clues on evolution and disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how synaptic proteins change during early development reveals differences between mice and marmosets but also what's different in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. The findings offer first insights into the mechanism behind synaptic development and open up routes for research on possible treatments.

Chronic Illness Fitness Neuropathy Today's Healthcare
Published

Did you know that physical activity can protect you from chronic pain?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Reserachers found that people who were more active in their free time had a lower chance of having various types of chronic pain 7-8 years later. For example, being just a little more active, such as going from light to moderate activity, was associated with a 5% lower risk of reporting some form of chronic pain later. For severe chronic pain in several places in the body, higher activity was associated with a 16% reduced risk. The researchers found that the ability to tolerate pain played a role in this apparent protective effect. That explains why being active could lower the risk of having severe chronic pain, whether or not it was widespread throughout the body.

Child Development Children's Health Fitness
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The serious side of kid and canine play      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

With two-thirds of children in the U.S. failing to meet national physical activity guidelines, kinesiologistshave been looking at the impact of the family dog on the exercise habits of kids. Could having a canine best friend get kids on their feet and help bring them more in line with the minimum recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day?

Birth Defects
Published

Study of different autism types finds shared mechanism that may respond to drugs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An analysis of how brains with different forms of autism develop has revealed common underlying mechanisms that may respond to existing medications.

Fitness Today's Healthcare
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Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Astronauts have been able to track their muscle health in spaceflight for the first time using a handheld device, revealing which muscles are most at risk of weakening in low gravity conditions. Researchers monitored the muscle health of twelve astronauts before, during and after a stay on the International Space Station.

Fitness
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Cranberries provide runners with an all-natural boost, according to new research      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a series of trials involving trained distance runners, researchers found that ingesting a cranberry supplement for 28 consecutive days led to noticeable improvements in both performance and muscle fatigue following 1,500-metre time trials. Reoxygenation rates were faster and running speeds improved by 1.5 per cent. The researchers found that 28 days of cranberry extract consumption by elite level endurance runners demonstrated a trend toward increased speed in 1,500-metre time trials but not in 400-metre ones. However, they did notice that lactate buildup was reduced following the 400-metre but not the 1,500-metre compared to baseline. The data also indicated that the cranberry extract promoted better oxygen extraction by the muscle, improved lactate clearance and slower muscle deoxygenation.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness
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Weight loss caused by common diabetes drug tied to 'anti-hunger' molecule in study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study found that metformin, a commonly prescribed diabetes drug associated with moderate weight loss, stimulates production of lac-phe, a molecule abundant after exercise.