Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Genes influence whether infants prefer to look at faces or non-social objects (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Whether infants at five months of age look mostly at faces or non-social objects such as cars or mobile phones is largely determined by genes. The findings suggest that there is a biological basis for how infants create their unique visual experiences and which things they learn most about.
Published Extra practice blending letter sounds helps struggling readers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has shown that extra practice in blending printed letter sounds can help struggling beginner readers (age 4-5) learn to read.
Published New study on experience of adopted people as they become parents (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new piece of research looks at the challenges faced by adopted people when they become parents. The study investigated the lived experiences of adopted people in the UK as they become parents. Until now research in this area has been very limited and hasn't tended to included the experiences of adopted men as fathers.
Published Our brains are not able to 'rewire' themselves, despite what most scientists believe, new study argues (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Contrary to the commonly-held view, the brain does not have the ability to rewire itself to compensate for the loss of sight, an amputation or stroke, for example, say scientists. The researchers argue that the notion that the brain, in response to injury or deficit, can reorganize itself and repurpose particular regions for new functions, is fundamentally flawed -- despite being commonly cited in scientific textbooks. Instead, they argue that what is occurring is merely the brain being trained to utilize already existing, but latent, abilities.
Published Babies as young as four months show signs of self-awareness (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Babies as young as four months old can make sense of how their bodies interact with the space around them, according to new research.
Published Hearing loss is associated with subtle changes in the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team of researchers employed hearing tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine whether hearing impairment is associated with differences in specific brain regions and affects dementia risk.
Published The bilingual brain may be better at ignoring irrelevant information (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Results showed that bilinguals seem to be more efficient at ignoring information that's irrelevant, rather than suppressing -- or inhibiting information.
Published AI can 'lie and BS' like its maker, but still not intelligent like humans (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A researcher contends that the understanding of AI is muddled by linguistics: That while indeed intelligent, AI cannot be intelligent in the way that humans are, even though 'it can lie and BS like its maker.'
Published High levels of maternal stress during pregnancy linked to children's behavior problems (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Children whose mothers are highly stressed, anxious or depressed during pregnancy may be at higher risk for mental health and behavior issues during their childhood and teen years, according to new research.
Published When languages collide, which survives? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers incorporate language ideologies, along with the impact of interaction between individuals with opposing preferences, on the language shift process. The team chose a quantitative approach based on a society in which only one language with two varieties, the standard and the vernacular, existed. The resulting mathematical model can predict the conditions that allow for the coexistence of different languages, presenting a comprehensive view of how language varieties are distributed within societies.
Published Early-life stress changes more genes in brain than a head injury (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A surprising thing happened when researchers began exploring whether early-life stress compounds the effects of a childhood head injury on health and behavior later in life: In an animal study, stress changed the activation level of many more genes in the brain than were changed by a bump to the head.
Published Study finds melatonin use soaring among youth (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nearly one in five school-aged children and preteens now take melatonin for sleep, and some parents routinely give the hormone to preschoolers, according to new research.
Published Physical fitness since childhood predicts cerebellar volume in adolescence (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Physical fitness since childhood is associated with cerebellar grey matter volume in adolescents. Those who were stronger, faster and more agile, in other words, had better neuromuscular fitness since childhood, had larger Crus I grey matter volume in adolescence.
Published New AI noise-canceling headphone technology lets wearers pick which sounds they hear (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have developed deep-learning algorithms that let users pick which sounds filter through their headphones in real time. Either through voice commands or a smartphone app, headphone wearers can select which sounds they want to include from 20 classes, such as sirens, baby cries, speech, vacuum cleaners and bird chirps.
Published Brain imaging identifies biomarkers of mental illness (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research and treatment of psychiatric disorders are stymied by a lack of biomarkers -- objective biological or physiological markers that can help diagnose, track, predict, and treat diseases. In a new study, researchers use a very large dataset to identify predictive brain imaging-based biomarkers of mental illness in adolescents.
Published Autism brain states hold the key to unlocking childhood memories, findings show (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Neuroscientists have discovered a fascinating connection between the retention of early life memories and brain developmental trajectories associated with autism.
Published Connectivity scans could serve as brain 'blueprints' for adolescents, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Two new studies highlight how brain imaging can be used to predict and identify cognitive outcomes and psychiatric risk in young people.
Published When dads are feeling a bit depressed or anxious, how do kids fare? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team of researchers has found that slightly higher, but mild anxious or depressive symptoms in fathers were associated with fewer behavioral difficulties in the first years of elementary school and better scores on a standardized IQ test in their children.
Published Brain implant may enable communication from thoughts alone (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A speech prosthetic developed by a collaborative team of neuroscientists, neurosurgeons and engineers can translate a person's brain signals into what they're trying to say. The new technology might one day help people unable to talk due to neurological disorders regain the ability to communicate through a brain-computer interface.
Published Paid family leave boosted postpartum wellbeing, breastfeeding rates (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has found postpartum individuals living in states with generous mandated paid family and medical leave (PFML) are more likely to breastfeed and less likely to experience postpartum depression symptoms compared to those living in states with little or no mandated state-paid leave. The findings were even more pronounced among lower-income populations covered by Medicaid.