Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Formerly depressed patients continue to focus on negative (via sciencedaily.com)
People who have recovered from a major depressive episode, when compared with individuals who have never experienced one, tend to spend more time processing negative information and less time processing positive information, putting them at risk for a relapse, according to new research.
Published Modern antidepressants may reduce risk of relapse for patients with bipolar depression (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Treatment with modern antidepressants may help prevent patients with bipolar disorder from relapsing into a depressive episode, according to an international clinical trial. The findings challenge current clinical practice guidelines and could change how bipolar depression is managed globally.
Published Exposure therapy to feared foods may help kids with eating disorders (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Whether you're afraid of dogs, needles or enclosed spaces, one of the most effective interventions for this type of anxiety disorder is exposure therapy in which you confront your fear in a safe environment. A new study finds that exposure therapy is also a promising treatment for adolescents with eating disorders. They found that exposure to feared foods -- such as candy bars and pizza -- helped kids who were in a partial hospitalization program for eating disorders experience decreased anxiety toward food.
Published Body Dissatisfaction Can Lead to Eating Disorders at Any Age (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Eating disorders are stereotypically associated with adolescents and young adults. Growing evidence, however, suggests that these conditions can occur at any time during a woman's lifespan, including at midlife. A new study finds that body dissatisfaction is a primary cause of eating disorders, especially during perimenopause.
Published New study reveals differences in diagnosis of psychiatric disorders between geographies (via sciencedaily.com)
Diagnosing psychiatric disorders is challenging due to the lack of objective tests. Fortunately, genomic studies can reveal genes associated with increased risk of certain disorders. In a recent study, researchers from Japan investigated whether the genetic correlations between major psychiatric disorders differed among European and East Asian populations. They showed differences in how bipolar disorders are diagnosed by psychiatrists in the East and the West, which might affect the results of clinical trials.
Published Scientists uncover possible neural link between early life trauma and binge-eating disorder (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research has revealed how a pathway in the brain that typically provides signals to stop eating may be altered by early life trauma. The discovery, obtained from studies in mice adds new perspective to binge eating and obesity.
Published Circadian rhythm disruption found to be common among mental health disorders (via sciencedaily.com)
Scientists hypothesize that circadian rhythm disruption is a psychopathology factor shared by a broad range of mental illnesses and that research into its molecular foundation could be key to unlocking better therapies and treatments.
Published Deep brain stimulation shows promise against binge eating disorder (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A small device that detects food craving-related brain activity in a key brain region, and responds by electrically stimulating that region, has shown promise in a pilot clinical trial in two patients with loss-of-control binge eating disorder (BED), according to researchers.
Published Large study reveals stark changes in brain structure for people with anorexia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New findings highlight clear differences in grey matter for people with anorexia nervosa and point to the importance of early treatment interventions.
Published Multiple diagnoses are the norm for mental illness; A new genetic analysis helps explain why (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An analysis of 11 major psychiatric disorders offers new insight into why comorbidities are the norm when it comes to mental illness. The study suggests that while there is no single gene or set of genes underlying risk for all of them, subsets of disorders -- including bipolar disorder and schizophrenia; anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder; and major depression and anxiety --s hare a common genetic architecture.
Published Researcher looks into little known 'purging disorder' (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Though purging is often a condition associated with bulimia nervosa, new research at Ohio University suggests that a different kind of eating disorder could also be responsible.
Published Evidence of brain changes in those at risk of bipolar disorder captured with MRI scans (via sciencedaily.com)
A study that showed changes in the brain in those at risk of developing bipolar disorder raises new hopes about early intervention.
Published The hidden issue of anorexia in pregnancy (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Pregnant women with anorexia are at greater risk of having a stillbirth, underweight baby or pre-term birth, yet there are no clear guidelines for how doctors should manage the condition, according to a new study. Researchers have developed recommendations and principles for multidisciplinary management of anorexia nervosa in pregnancy. These recommendations include a focus on the specialist mental health, obstetric, medical, and nutritional care required to ensure optimal outcomes for women and their infants.
Published Lithium may decrease risk of developing dementia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a link suggesting that lithium could decrease the risk of developing dementia, which affects nearly one million people in the UK.
Published Brain differences in children with binge eating disorder (via sciencedaily.com)
Brain scans of children ages 9-10 with a type of eating disorder that causes uncontrollable overeating showed differences in gray matter density compared to their unaffected peers, according to a new study. The study's findings suggest that abnormal development in the brain's centers for reward and inhibition may play a role. In the children with binge eating disorder, researchers saw elevations in gray matter density in areas that are typically 'pruned' during healthy brain development. Disturbed synaptic pruning is linked to a number of psychiatric disorders.
Published People with serious mental illness may have increased heart disease risk at younger ages (via sciencedaily.com)
An analysis of nearly 600,000 adults in the U.S. found people with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder had up to double the estimated cardiovascular risk levels than those without such illnesses, even at younger ages. The study focused on adults diagnosed with one of those three serious mental illnesses, who were not hospitalized or living in a mental health treatment center and estimated their 10-year and 30-year cardiovascular risk. Earlier identification and management of major cardiovascular risk factors -- including obesity, smoking, diabetes and high blood pressure -- in young adults with a serious mental illness may reduce risk of heart disease and improve outcomes, researchers said.
Published Diminished activation of specific prefrontal brain region may directly contribute to binge eating in bulimia nervosa (via sciencedaily.com)
New research has revealed a key neural mechanism underlying the feeling of being unable to stop eating, the most salient aspect of binge episodes in eating disorders like bulimia nervosa.
Published Clues to treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder found in recently evolved region of the ‘dark genome’ (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists investigating the DNA outside our genes - the 'dark genome' - have discovered recently evolved regions that code for proteins associated with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Published Rates of type 2 diabetes are higher in people with one of various common psychiatric disorders (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study finds that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is elevated in people with a psychiatric disorder compared with the general population.
Published Abnormal brain changes over time with bipolar disorder (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder characterized by fluctuating periods of depression and mania. Researchers have long suspected that BD may be accompanied by abnormal structural and functional changes in the brain. Small cross-sectional brain imaging studies of people with BD have shown hints at those changes, but the ability to interpret data collected at a single timepoint is limited. Now, a multi-center longitudinal study shows aberrant changes over time in the brains of people with BD. Some changes were specifically associated with more episodes of mania.