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Relationships
Published

When saying 'please' is more strategic than magic      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By kindergarten age, most children have been taught that 'please' is a magic word. 'Please' is an expression of politeness that shows courtesy and respect, turning a potential demand into a request that will -- poof! -- magically be granted. But a new study on the ways people make requests of one another suggests that 'please' might not be an all-purpose marker of politeness, but rather a more focused, strategic tool to manage frictions or obstacles among family members, friends and even coworkers. The study shows that people say 'please' much less often than expected, and mostly when they expect a 'no' response is forthcoming.

Relationships
Published

AI intervention mitigates tension among conflicting ethnic groups      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

While intergroup interaction is a prerequisite for initiating peace and stability, there is the risk of further escalation from direct interactions. A shortage of an impartial electronic contact session may cause the process to become destabilized. Interactive AI programs may help reduce prejudice and anxiety among historically divided ethnic groups in Afghanistan during online interactions.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Teens who view their homes as more chaotic than their siblings have poorer mental health in adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adolescents who view their households as more unstructured, disorganized, or hectic than their siblings develop more mental health and behavioral problems in early adulthood, according to new research.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Children sleep problems associated with psychosis in young adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children who experience chronic lack of sleep from infancy may be at increased risk of developing psychosis in early adulthood, new research shows.

Child Development Depression Parenting
Published

Pressure to be 'perfect' causing burnout for parents, mental health concerns for their children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Is the status of 'perfect parent' attainable? Researchers leading a national dialogue about parental burnout say 'no,' and a new study finds that pressure to try to be 'perfect' leads to unhealthy impacts on both parents and their children.

Child Development Infant's Health Parenting
Published

THC lingers in breastmilk with no clear peak point      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When breastfeeding mothers in a recent study used cannabis, its psychoactive component THC showed up in the milk they produced. The research also found that, unlike alcohol, when THC was detected in milk there was no consistent time when its concentration peaked and started to decline. Importantly, the researchers discovered that the amount of THC they detected in milk was low -- they estimated that infants received an average of 0.07 mg of THC per day. For comparison, a common low-dose edible contains 2 mg of THC. The research team stressed that it is unknown whether this amount has any impact on the infant.

Relationships
Published

Physics confirms that the enemy of your enemy is, indeed, your friend      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The famous axiom 'the enemy of my enemy is my friend' is part of Austrian psychologist Fritz Heider's social balance theory, introduced in the 1940s. Previous studies have tried to model social networks based in famous theory but results remained controversial. New model takes into account two key pieces simultaneously: Not everyone knows everyone else in a social network, and some people are friendlier than others. With those two constraints, large-scale social networks consistently align with social balance theory. Model has broad applications for exploring political polarization, neural networks, drug interactions and more.

Relationships
Published

Social-media break has huge impact on young women's body image, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

There's a large and growing body of evidence pointing to potentially negative impacts of social media on mental health, from its addictive nature to disruptions in sleep patterns to effects on body image. Now, a new study has found that young women who took a social media break for as little as one week had a significant boost in self-esteem and body image -- particularly those most vulnerable to thin-ideal internalization.

Relationships
Published

Loneliness grows as we age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Loneliness in adulthood follows a U-shaped pattern: it's higher in younger and older adulthood, and lowest during middle adulthood, reports a new study that examined nine longitudinal studies from around the world. The study also identified several risk factors for heightened loneliness across the whole lifespan, including social isolation, education and physical impairment.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Survey finds loneliness epidemic runs deep among parents      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new national survey finds a broad majority of parents experience isolation, loneliness and burnout from the demands of parenthood, with many feeling a lack of support in fulfilling that role.

Relationships
Published

Don't be a stranger -- study finds rekindling old friendships as scary as making new ones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Psychologists have found that people are as hesitant to reach out to an old friend as they are to strike up a conversation with a stranger, even when they had the capacity and desire to do so.

Relationships
Published

Exploring brain synchronization patterns during social interactions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Social interactions synchronize brain activity within individuals and between individuals. In a new study, researchers compared brain synchronization between pairs of people with relatively strong social ties (acquaintance pairs) and pairs with almost no social ties (stranger pairs). The study found that during a cooperative task, the stranger pairs exhibited more closely connected brain networks compared to the acquaintance pairs. These findings challenge the conventional understanding that stronger social bonds lead to greater brain synchronization.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Study finds COVID-19 pandemic led to some, but not many, developmental milestone delays in infants and young children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infants and children 5 years old and younger experienced only 'modest' delays in developmental milestones due to the COVID-19 pandemic disruptions and restrictions, a study finds.

Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Bacteria behind meningitis in babies explained      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified the types of E.coli responsible for neonatal meningitis -- around 50 per cent of infections are caused by two types of E. coli. The study was the largest to date, examining genomes of E. coli bacteria across four continents. The research also revealed why some infections recur despite being treated with antibiotics -- it's most likely that bacteria hide out in the intestinal microbiome. This information tells us that we need to keep monitoring these babies after their first infection, as they are at a high risk of subsequent infections.

Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Teen stress may raise risk of postpartum depression in adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team reports that social stress during adolescence in female mice later results in prolonged elevation of the hormone cortisol after they give birth.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Obesity Relationships
Published

Family and media pressure to lose weight in adolescence linked to how people value themselves almost two decades later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who as teenagers felt pressure to lose weight from family or from the media, females, people who are not heterosexual, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, are most at risk of 'internalized' weight stigma, new research has found.

Child Development Parenting
Published

More synchrony between parents and children not always better      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

More synchrony between parents and children may not always be better, new research has revealed. For the first time a new study looked at behavioral and brain-to-brain synchrony in 140 families with a special focus on attachment. It looked at how they feel and think about emotional bonds whilst measuring brain activity as mums and dads solved puzzles with their kids.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Parenting
Published

Disparities in sleep health and insomnia may begin at a young age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and teens from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by persistent insomnia symptoms that begin in childhood and continue through young adulthood, according to a new study. This study is one of the first to look at how childhood insomnia symptoms evolve over the long-term and investigate how the trajectory of insomnia differs between racial and ethnic groups.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Relationships
Published

Talking politics with strangers isn't as awful as you'd expect, research suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Individuals underestimate the social connection they can make with a stranger who disagrees with them on contentious issues, a new research paper suggests.