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Categories: Dieting and Weight Control, Relationships

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Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

'Trojan horse' weight loss drug more effective than available therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A groundbreaking article describes a promising new therapy for obesity that leads to greater weight loss in mice than existing medications. The approach smuggles molecules into the brain's appetite center and affects the brain's neuroplasticity.

Relationships
Published

When saying 'please' is more strategic than magic      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By kindergarten age, most children have been taught that 'please' is a magic word. 'Please' is an expression of politeness that shows courtesy and respect, turning a potential demand into a request that will -- poof! -- magically be granted. But a new study on the ways people make requests of one another suggests that 'please' might not be an all-purpose marker of politeness, but rather a more focused, strategic tool to manage frictions or obstacles among family members, friends and even coworkers. The study shows that people say 'please' much less often than expected, and mostly when they expect a 'no' response is forthcoming.

Relationships
Published

AI intervention mitigates tension among conflicting ethnic groups      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

While intergroup interaction is a prerequisite for initiating peace and stability, there is the risk of further escalation from direct interactions. A shortage of an impartial electronic contact session may cause the process to become destabilized. Interactive AI programs may help reduce prejudice and anxiety among historically divided ethnic groups in Afghanistan during online interactions.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging
Published

How biological aging clocks tick      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Aging clocks can measure the biological age of humans with high precision. Biological age can be influenced by environmental factors such as smoking or diet, thus deviating from the chronological age that is calculated using the date of birth. The precision of these aging clocks suggests that the aging process follows a program. Scientists have now discovered that aging clocks actually measure the increase in stochastic changes in cells.

Relationships
Published

Physics confirms that the enemy of your enemy is, indeed, your friend      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The famous axiom 'the enemy of my enemy is my friend' is part of Austrian psychologist Fritz Heider's social balance theory, introduced in the 1940s. Previous studies have tried to model social networks based in famous theory but results remained controversial. New model takes into account two key pieces simultaneously: Not everyone knows everyone else in a social network, and some people are friendlier than others. With those two constraints, large-scale social networks consistently align with social balance theory. Model has broad applications for exploring political polarization, neural networks, drug interactions and more.

Relationships
Published

Social-media break has huge impact on young women's body image, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

There's a large and growing body of evidence pointing to potentially negative impacts of social media on mental health, from its addictive nature to disruptions in sleep patterns to effects on body image. Now, a new study has found that young women who took a social media break for as little as one week had a significant boost in self-esteem and body image -- particularly those most vulnerable to thin-ideal internalization.

Relationships
Published

Loneliness grows as we age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Loneliness in adulthood follows a U-shaped pattern: it's higher in younger and older adulthood, and lowest during middle adulthood, reports a new study that examined nine longitudinal studies from around the world. The study also identified several risk factors for heightened loneliness across the whole lifespan, including social isolation, education and physical impairment.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Breakthrough in brown fat research: Researchers have found brown fat's 'off-switch'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a protein that is responsible for turning off brown fat activity. This new discovery could lead to a promising strategy for safely activating brown fat and tackling obesity and related health problems.

Relationships
Published

Don't be a stranger -- study finds rekindling old friendships as scary as making new ones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Psychologists have found that people are as hesitant to reach out to an old friend as they are to strike up a conversation with a stranger, even when they had the capacity and desire to do so.

Relationships
Published

Exploring brain synchronization patterns during social interactions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Social interactions synchronize brain activity within individuals and between individuals. In a new study, researchers compared brain synchronization between pairs of people with relatively strong social ties (acquaintance pairs) and pairs with almost no social ties (stranger pairs). The study found that during a cooperative task, the stranger pairs exhibited more closely connected brain networks compared to the acquaintance pairs. These findings challenge the conventional understanding that stronger social bonds lead to greater brain synchronization.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Obesity Relationships
Published

Family and media pressure to lose weight in adolescence linked to how people value themselves almost two decades later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who as teenagers felt pressure to lose weight from family or from the media, females, people who are not heterosexual, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, are most at risk of 'internalized' weight stigma, new research has found.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
Published

Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Relationships
Published

Talking politics with strangers isn't as awful as you'd expect, research suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Individuals underestimate the social connection they can make with a stranger who disagrees with them on contentious issues, a new research paper suggests.

Relationships
Published

Exploring the effect of the presence of familiar people in interpersonal space      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers investigate the influence of social relationships on our bodily responses to the presence of other persons in the interpersonal space.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging Nutrition Today's Healthcare
Published

Blended antioxidant supplement improves cognition and memory in aged mice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cell damage from oxidative stress is a major underlying cause of age-related cognitive and muscle strength decline. Antioxidants can reduce oxidative stress and prevent age-related health decline. A new study has found that mice administered with a blended antioxidant supplement show significant improvements in spatial cognition, short-term memory, and mitigated age-related muscle decline. The study suggests that blended antioxidant supplements hold promise as a dietary intervention for health issues associated with aging.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Risk factors for faster aging in the brain revealed in new study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have used data from UK Biobank participants to reveal that diabetes, traffic-related air pollution and alcohol intake are the most harmful out of 15 modifiable risk factors for dementia.