Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Genes influence whether infants prefer to look at faces or non-social objects (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Whether infants at five months of age look mostly at faces or non-social objects such as cars or mobile phones is largely determined by genes. The findings suggest that there is a biological basis for how infants create their unique visual experiences and which things they learn most about.
Published From the first bite, our sense of taste helps pace our eating (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When you eagerly dig into a long-awaited dinner, signals from your stomach to your brain keep you from eating so much you'll regret it -- or so it's been thought.
Published Poor work performance among Japanese employees strongly associated with insufficient sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
This study examined the association between work performance and lifestyle habits among Japanese employees. The results revealed that insufficient sleep was the predominant factor affecting work performance in men and women, followed by lack of regular exercise and eating late-evening meals. Furthermore, the study indicated that men were more likely to exhibit lifestyle habits that impacted work performance than women.
Published Nostalgia and memories after ten years of social media (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
As possibilities have changed and technology has advanced, memories and nostalgia are now a significant part of our use of social media.
Published Following a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cognitive decline in older people (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Old people who follow a Mediterranean diet are at a lower risk of cognitive decline, according to a new study. The study provides new evidence for a better understanding of the biological mechanisms related to the impact of the diet on cognitive health in the aging population.
Published When languages collide, which survives? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers incorporate language ideologies, along with the impact of interaction between individuals with opposing preferences, on the language shift process. The team chose a quantitative approach based on a society in which only one language with two varieties, the standard and the vernacular, existed. The resulting mathematical model can predict the conditions that allow for the coexistence of different languages, presenting a comprehensive view of how language varieties are distributed within societies.
Published Obesity linked to neurodegeneration through insulin resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a link between obesity and neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Using the common fruit fly, the research shows that a high-sugar diet -- a hallmark of obesity -- causes insulin resistance in the brain, which in turn reduces the ability to remove neuronal debris, thus increasing the risk of neurodegeneration.
Published Women with a heart healthy diet in midlife are less likely to report cognitive decline later (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women with diets during middle age designed to lower blood pressure were about 17 percent less likely to report memory loss and other signs of cognitive decline decades later, a new study finds.
Published For relationship maintenance, accurate perception of partner's behavior is key (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Married couples and long-term romantic partners typically engage in a variety of behaviors that sustain and nourish the relationship. These actions promote higher levels of commitment, which benefits couples' physical and psychological health. A new study looks at how such relationship maintenance behaviors interact with satisfaction and commitment.
Published The emotional function of dreams is not the same everywhere (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Why do we dream? A product of our brain's neurophysiology, dreaming is a complex experience that can take on many emotional tones and simulate reality to varying degrees. As a result, there is still no clear answer to this question. A study compared the dreams of two forager communities, in Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo, with those of individuals living in Europe and North America. It showed that the first two groups produced more threatening, but also more cathartic and socially-oriented dreams than the Western groups. These results show how strong are the links between the socio-cultural environment and the function of dreams.
Published Study reveals shyness could impact young children's performance on language tests (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Shyness can influence a child’s performance in language assessments, depending on the level of social interaction required to complete the test.
Published How plant-derived nutrients can affect the gut and brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Can plant-derived nutrients alter gut bacteria to affect brain function? Scientists investigated this question in a study of overweight adults. Their findings suggest that dietary fiber can exert influence on both the composition of gut bacteria and the reward signals in the brain and associated food decision-making.
Published Don't feel appreciated by your partner? Relationship interventions can help (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When we’re married or in a long-term romantic relationship, we may eventually come to take each other for granted and forget to show appreciation. A new study finds that it doesn’t have to stay this way. The study examined why perceived gratitude from a spouse or romantic partner changes over time, and whether it can be improved through relationship intervention programs.
Published Being a vegetarian may be partly in your genes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in determining whether they can stick to a strict vegetarian diet, a new study has found. The findings open the door to further studies that could have important implications regarding dietary recommendations and the production of meat substitutes.
Published Language recognition is as much about brains as it is about hearing (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have learned the efficiency by which people recognize spoken words depends as much on the mind as on hearing ability. In a new study, the researchers examined how well adults across the life span process spoken language.
Published Discrimination alters brain-gut 'crosstalk,' prompting poor food choices and increased health risks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People frequently exposed to racial or ethnic discrimination may be more susceptible to obesity and related health risks in part because of a stress response that changes biological processes and how we process food cues, according to new research.
Published Origin of cultural learning: Babies imitate because they are imitated (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study shows that babies learn to imitate others because they themselves are imitated by caregivers.
Published Saturated fat may interfere with creating memories in aged brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research hints at a few ways fatty foods affect cells in the brain, a finding that could help explain the link between a high-fat diet and impaired memory -- especially as we age. A new study in cell cultures found the omega-3 fatty acid DHA may help protect the brain from an unhealthy diet's effects by curbing fat-induced inflammation at the cellular source.
Published Family planning and the fear of missing out (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Among regretful parents, fear of missing out is a key motivator for having children.
Published Where do we feel love? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research sheds light on where and how we feel different kinds of love.