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Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Bacteria behind meningitis in babies explained      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified the types of E.coli responsible for neonatal meningitis -- around 50 per cent of infections are caused by two types of E. coli. The study was the largest to date, examining genomes of E. coli bacteria across four continents. The research also revealed why some infections recur despite being treated with antibiotics -- it's most likely that bacteria hide out in the intestinal microbiome. This information tells us that we need to keep monitoring these babies after their first infection, as they are at a high risk of subsequent infections.

Depression Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Teen stress may raise risk of postpartum depression in adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team reports that social stress during adolescence in female mice later results in prolonged elevation of the hormone cortisol after they give birth.

Child Development Parenting
Published

More synchrony between parents and children not always better      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

More synchrony between parents and children may not always be better, new research has revealed. For the first time a new study looked at behavioral and brain-to-brain synchrony in 140 families with a special focus on attachment. It looked at how they feel and think about emotional bonds whilst measuring brain activity as mums and dads solved puzzles with their kids.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Parenting
Published

Disparities in sleep health and insomnia may begin at a young age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and teens from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by persistent insomnia symptoms that begin in childhood and continue through young adulthood, according to a new study. This study is one of the first to look at how childhood insomnia symptoms evolve over the long-term and investigate how the trajectory of insomnia differs between racial and ethnic groups.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Early detection of language disorders helps children obtain right interventions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New screening tools in child health care are effective in identifying early language and communication difficulties in children. This is shown by two studies based on more than 6,000 children.

Breastfeeding Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health
Published

Infant gut microbes have their own circadian rhythm, and diet has little impact on how the microbiome assembles      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infant gut microbiomes oscillate with a circadian rhythm, even when they are cultivated outside of the body. Researchers report that the rhythm is detectable as early as 2 weeks after birth but becomes more pronounced with age. The finding comes from a randomized controlled trial that also showed that diet has less impact on the development and composition of the infant microbiome than previously thought.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

New initiative improves detection, evaluation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common pediatric neurobehavioral disorder with a prevalence of approximately 7%-10% in school-age children. ADHD significantly affects functioning throughout life including academic achievement, social and family relationships and occupational success, predisposing individuals to secondary psychopathology, substance use, justice system involvement and suicide. Fortunately, ADHD is treatable, most effectively with a combination of medication, behavioral therapy and school-based supports. Unfortunately, many children with ADHD go undiagnosed and untreated for years, and sometimes for life, putting those children most at risk for problematic outcomes.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Developmental psychology: Concern for others emerges during second year of life      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An empirical longitudinal study tracked the emergence of empathic concern in children.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

2 in 3 parents say their adolescent or teen worries about how sick days may impact grades      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Many parents recognize increasing mental health concerns among children, reflected by the 1 in 5 who say they're open to allowing a child to take a mental health day.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Researchers propose a new way to identify when babies become conscious      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Academics are proposing a new and improved way to help researchers discover when consciousness emerges in human infancy.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Metformin during pregnancy affects the brain development in offspring mice, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

With the rise in gestational diabetes and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, metformin is also being prescribed more frequently. Although it is known that the oral antidiabetic agent can cross the placental barrier, the impacts on the brain development of the child are largely unknown. Researchers have now been able to demonstrate in a mouse model that although metformin has positive effects in pregnant animals, it does not in the offspring.

Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Five factors to ensure an infant thrives      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers make the case that five 'Thrive Factors' are a key element of healthy human brain, behavioral and cognitive development.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Study eases concern at antipsychotics use in pregnancy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of antipsychotics during pregnancy isn't linked to childhood neurodevelopmental disorders or learning difficulties, study suggests -- giving assurance to those concerned about continuing their medications during pregnancy.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

First recognition of self in the mirror is spurred by touch      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Most babies begin recognizing themselves in mirrors when they are about a-year-and-a-half old. This kind of self-recognition is an important developmental milestone, and now scientists have discovered a key driver for it: experiences of touch.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Nutrition Today's Healthcare
Published

Infant health suffered during baby formula shortage      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A survey by UC Davis researchers shows the U.S. baby formula shortage in 2022 led 81% of parents to switch brands or types, causing health effects for babies.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Study takes wider view at household size, children's development      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists are taking a more detailed look at how children's language development is influenced by the number of people in their households, evaluating the impact of the adult-to-child ratio within each residence. American demographics have shifted significantly in the last 40 years, with many more children living in homes with extended families. Greater household density -- the ratio of people to bedrooms in a home -- has been shown to have a negative effect on children's language development.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health
Published

Breastfeeding after COVID-19 booster can give babies antibodies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recently published study that shows lactating mothers who get the COVID-19 booster pass along the antibodies to their children via their breast milk -- and potentially protect babies too young to receive the vaccine.

Child Development Children's Health Parenting
Published

Healthy sleep needs a healthy day: boost exercise to beat your bedtime blues      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Early riser or night owl, everyone appreciates a good night's sleep. But despite the best of intentions, quality sleep can elude us, sometimes to the point where it can contribute to serious health issues. Now, a new study shows that getting a good night's sleep is tied to how you structure your day, with exercise at the heart of sleep quality.