Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Saturated fat may interfere with creating memories in aged brain (via sciencedaily.com)
New research hints at a few ways fatty foods affect cells in the brain, a finding that could help explain the link between a high-fat diet and impaired memory -- especially as we age. A new study in cell cultures found the omega-3 fatty acid DHA may help protect the brain from an unhealthy diet's effects by curbing fat-induced inflammation at the cellular source.
Published Eureka baby! Groundbreaking study uncovers origin of 'conscious awareness' (via sciencedaily.com)
Fundamental questions of agency -- acting with purpose -- have perplexed some of the greatest minds in history including Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. Now, human babies provide groundbreaking insight into the origins of agency. Since goal-directed action appears in the first months of human life, researchers used young infants as a test field to understand how spontaneous movement transforms into purposeful action. The 'birth' of agency can be quantified as a 'eureka-like,' pattern-changing phase transition within a dynamical system that spans the baby, the brain, and the environment.
Published Early treatment of child obesity is effective (via sciencedaily.com)
The early treatment of obesity in children is effective in both the short and long term, researchers report.
Published Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood affects food choices, weight gain and the microstructure of the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
A new study finds poor quality of available foods, increased intake of calories from foods high in trans-fatty acids, and environments that do not foster physical activity, all prevalent in disadvantaged neighborhoods, disrupt the flexibility of information processing in the brain that is involved in reward, emotion regulation, and cognition.
Published A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals by unhealthy snacking (via sciencedaily.com)
A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals with unhealthy snacks, which increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular disease.
Published Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments (via sciencedaily.com)
A resource economist finds mandated in-school Body Mass Index assessments adopted in varying forms by 24 states to combat childhood obesity have the potential to improve the health of some students while introducing body-image issues for others. The research is believed to be the first to assess these policies as a whole, rather than in single states or school districts.
Published 'Night owls' more likely than 'early birds' to develop diabetes (via sciencedaily.com)
A new study has an important message for people who consider themselves night owls. Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, a founding member of the Mass General Brigham healthcare system, found that people with later sleep and wake times had less healthy lifestyles and were at greater risk of developing diabetes than those with early-bird sleep habits.
Published Healthy lifestyle can help prevent depression -- and new research may explain why (via sciencedaily.com)
A healthy lifestyle that involves moderate alcohol consumption, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, healthy sleep and frequent social connection, while avoiding smoking and too much sedentary behavior, reduces the risk of depression, new research has found.
Published Intellectual disability more common in families with substance use disorder (via sciencedaily.com)
Children of a parent with alcohol or drug use disorder have a greater risk of intellectual disability, even if the problem only lies with the father, researchers report. According to the study, preventive measures should be directed at both parents.
Published Toddlers learn to reason logically before they learn to speak, study finds (via sciencedaily.com)
Nineteen-month-old toddlers already use natural logical thinking, even before they learn to speak, to deal with uncertainties about the world. This natural logic contributes to their learning process, both in terms of language and in other fields of knowledge, according to a new study.
Published Red blood cells exposed to oxygen deficiency protect against myocardial infarction (via sciencedaily.com)
Red blood cells exposed to oxygen deficiency protect against myocardial infarction, according to a new study. The study also shows that the protective effect is enhanced by a nitrate-rich vegetable diet.
Published Adding complex component of milk to infant formula confers long-term cognitive benefits for bottle-fed babies (via sciencedaily.com)
New research has shown how a complex component of milk that can be added to infant formula has been shown to confer long-term cognitive benefits, including measures of intelligence and executive function in children.
Published A new breakthrough in obesity research may allow you to lose fat while eating all you want (via sciencedaily.com)
This is a significant development that brings hope to the one billion individuals with obesity worldwide. Researchers have discovered new insights into the regulation of fat metabolism. The focus of their study lies within the star-shaped non-neuronal cells in the brain, known as 'astrocytes'. Furthermore, the group announced successful animal experiments using the newly developed drug 'KDS2010', which allowed the mice to lose weigh without dietary restrictions.
Published A healthy diet, reading, and doing sports promote reasoning skills in children (via sciencedaily.com)
According to a recent study, improved overall diet quality and reduced consumption of red meat, as well as increased time spent in reading and organized sports enhanced reasoning skills among children over the first two school years.
Published Anti-obesity drug improves associative learning in people with obesity (via sciencedaily.com)
Obesity leads to altered energy metabolism and reduced insulin sensitivity of cells. The so-called 'anti-obesity drugs' are increasingly used to treat obesity and have caused tremendous interest, especially in the USA. Researchers have now shown in people with obesity that reduced insulin sensitivity affects learning of sensory associations. A single dose of the anti-obesity drug liraglutide was able to normalize these changes and restore the underlying brain circuit function.
Published Adherence to a Mediterranean lifestyle associated with lower risk of all-cause and cancer mortality (via sciencedaily.com)
People who adhere to a Mediterranean lifestyle -- which includes a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains; healthy eating habits like limiting added salts and sugars; and habits promoting adequate rest, physical activity, and socialization -- have a lower risk of all-cause and cancer mortality, according to a new study. People who adhered to the lifestyle's emphasis on rest, exercise, and socializing with friends had a lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.
Published How cold temperatures trigger the brain to boost appetite (via sciencedaily.com)
Scientists' discovery could lead to new weight loss and metabolic health treatments.
Published Research hints at links between babies' microbiome and brain development (via sciencedaily.com)
In a small, exploratory study, levels of certain types of microbes in babies' guts were shown to be associated with performance in tests of early cognitive development.
Published Brain's 'appetite control center' different in people who are overweight or living with obesity (via sciencedaily.com)
Cambridge scientists have shown that the hypothalamus, a key region of the brain involved in controlling appetite, is different in the brains of people who are overweight and people with obesity when compared to people who are a healthy weight.
Published Laboratory research finds gluten caused brain inflammation in mice (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have found wheat gluten causes brain inflammation in mice.