Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published From the first bite, our sense of taste helps pace our eating (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When you eagerly dig into a long-awaited dinner, signals from your stomach to your brain keep you from eating so much you'll regret it -- or so it's been thought.
Published Poor work performance among Japanese employees strongly associated with insufficient sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
This study examined the association between work performance and lifestyle habits among Japanese employees. The results revealed that insufficient sleep was the predominant factor affecting work performance in men and women, followed by lack of regular exercise and eating late-evening meals. Furthermore, the study indicated that men were more likely to exhibit lifestyle habits that impacted work performance than women.
Published Following a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cognitive decline in older people (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Old people who follow a Mediterranean diet are at a lower risk of cognitive decline, according to a new study. The study provides new evidence for a better understanding of the biological mechanisms related to the impact of the diet on cognitive health in the aging population.
Published Obesity linked to neurodegeneration through insulin resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a link between obesity and neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Using the common fruit fly, the research shows that a high-sugar diet -- a hallmark of obesity -- causes insulin resistance in the brain, which in turn reduces the ability to remove neuronal debris, thus increasing the risk of neurodegeneration.
Published Women with a heart healthy diet in midlife are less likely to report cognitive decline later (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women with diets during middle age designed to lower blood pressure were about 17 percent less likely to report memory loss and other signs of cognitive decline decades later, a new study finds.
Published How plant-derived nutrients can affect the gut and brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Can plant-derived nutrients alter gut bacteria to affect brain function? Scientists investigated this question in a study of overweight adults. Their findings suggest that dietary fiber can exert influence on both the composition of gut bacteria and the reward signals in the brain and associated food decision-making.
Published Being a vegetarian may be partly in your genes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in determining whether they can stick to a strict vegetarian diet, a new study has found. The findings open the door to further studies that could have important implications regarding dietary recommendations and the production of meat substitutes.
Published Discrimination alters brain-gut 'crosstalk,' prompting poor food choices and increased health risks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People frequently exposed to racial or ethnic discrimination may be more susceptible to obesity and related health risks in part because of a stress response that changes biological processes and how we process food cues, according to new research.
Published Saturated fat may interfere with creating memories in aged brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research hints at a few ways fatty foods affect cells in the brain, a finding that could help explain the link between a high-fat diet and impaired memory -- especially as we age. A new study in cell cultures found the omega-3 fatty acid DHA may help protect the brain from an unhealthy diet's effects by curbing fat-induced inflammation at the cellular source.
Published Early treatment of child obesity is effective (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The early treatment of obesity in children is effective in both the short and long term, researchers report.
Published Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood affects food choices, weight gain and the microstructure of the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study finds poor quality of available foods, increased intake of calories from foods high in trans-fatty acids, and environments that do not foster physical activity, all prevalent in disadvantaged neighborhoods, disrupt the flexibility of information processing in the brain that is involved in reward, emotion regulation, and cognition.
Published A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals by unhealthy snacking (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals with unhealthy snacks, which increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular disease.
Published Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A resource economist finds mandated in-school Body Mass Index assessments adopted in varying forms by 24 states to combat childhood obesity have the potential to improve the health of some students while introducing body-image issues for others. The research is believed to be the first to assess these policies as a whole, rather than in single states or school districts.
Published 'Night owls' more likely than 'early birds' to develop diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has an important message for people who consider themselves night owls. Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, a founding member of the Mass General Brigham healthcare system, found that people with later sleep and wake times had less healthy lifestyles and were at greater risk of developing diabetes than those with early-bird sleep habits.
Published Healthy lifestyle can help prevent depression -- and new research may explain why (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A healthy lifestyle that involves moderate alcohol consumption, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, healthy sleep and frequent social connection, while avoiding smoking and too much sedentary behavior, reduces the risk of depression, new research has found.
Published Red blood cells exposed to oxygen deficiency protect against myocardial infarction (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Red blood cells exposed to oxygen deficiency protect against myocardial infarction, according to a new study. The study also shows that the protective effect is enhanced by a nitrate-rich vegetable diet.
Published A new breakthrough in obesity research may allow you to lose fat while eating all you want (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
This is a significant development that brings hope to the one billion individuals with obesity worldwide. Researchers have discovered new insights into the regulation of fat metabolism. The focus of their study lies within the star-shaped non-neuronal cells in the brain, known as 'astrocytes'. Furthermore, the group announced successful animal experiments using the newly developed drug 'KDS2010', which allowed the mice to lose weigh without dietary restrictions.
Published A healthy diet, reading, and doing sports promote reasoning skills in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a recent study, improved overall diet quality and reduced consumption of red meat, as well as increased time spent in reading and organized sports enhanced reasoning skills among children over the first two school years.
Published Anti-obesity drug improves associative learning in people with obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Obesity leads to altered energy metabolism and reduced insulin sensitivity of cells. The so-called 'anti-obesity drugs' are increasingly used to treat obesity and have caused tremendous interest, especially in the USA. Researchers have now shown in people with obesity that reduced insulin sensitivity affects learning of sensory associations. A single dose of the anti-obesity drug liraglutide was able to normalize these changes and restore the underlying brain circuit function.
Published Adherence to a Mediterranean lifestyle associated with lower risk of all-cause and cancer mortality (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People who adhere to a Mediterranean lifestyle -- which includes a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains; healthy eating habits like limiting added salts and sugars; and habits promoting adequate rest, physical activity, and socialization -- have a lower risk of all-cause and cancer mortality, according to a new study. People who adhered to the lifestyle's emphasis on rest, exercise, and socializing with friends had a lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.