Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Could ultra-processed foods be the new 'silent' killer? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Hundreds of novel ingredients never encountered by human physiology are now found in nearly 60 percent of the average adult's diet and nearly 70 percent of children's diets in the U.S. An emerging health hazard is the unprecedented consumption of these ultra-processed foods in the standard American diet. This may be the new 'silent' killer, as was unrecognized high blood pressure in previous decades. Physicians provide important insights in a battle where the entertainment industry, the food industry and public policy do not align with their patients' needs.
Published Protein-rich breakfast boosts satiety and concentration (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has explored the link between diet and cognitive function, and the results reveal that a protein-rich breakfast can increase satiety and improve concentration. This is important knowledge in a society with increasing obesity rates and lifestyle-related diseases.
Published Bullied teens' brains show chemical change associated with psychosis (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found that adolescents being bullied by their peers are at greater risk of the early stages of psychotic episodes and in turn experience lower levels of a key neurotransmitter in a part of the brain involved in regulating emotions. The finding suggests that this neurotransmitter may be a potential target for pharmaceutical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of psychotic disorders.
Published Understanding rapid weight loss in older women: Message from the heart (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Unexplained rapid weight loss in older people could be a sign of underlying disease and can be linked with increased risk of falls and fractures, as well as a poorer long-term prognosis.
Published Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.
Published Study urges people to think twice before going on a diet (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new qualitative study highlights the negative interpersonal and psychological consequences associated with 'yo-yo dieting,' also known as weight cycling. The work underscores how toxic yo-yo dieting can be and how difficult it can be for people to break the cycle.
Published 'Furry fruit' improves mental health -- fast (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Kiwifruit has proven itself as a powerful mood booster and new research has shown just how fast its effects can be.
Published Vigilant monitoring is needed to manage cardiac risks in patients using antipsychotics, doctors say (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The use of the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and haloperidol is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by drug-induced QT prolongation, reports a new study. Caution is advised to manage cardiac risks in patients prescribed these medications, the authors of the study and an accompanying editorial say.
Published Study reveals function of little-understood synapse in the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research for the first time reveals the function of a little-understood junction between cells in the brain that could have important treatment implications for conditions ranging from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's disease, to a type of brain cancer known as glioma. Neuroscientists focused on the synapse connecting neurons to a non-neuronal cell, known as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OPCs can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, which produce a sheath around nerves known as myelin. Myelin is the protective sheath covering each nerve cell's axon -- the threadlike portion of a cell that transmits electrical signals between cells.
Published Clinical predictive models created by AI are accurate but study-specific, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists were able to show that statistical models created by artificial intelligence (AI) predict very accurately whether a medication responds in people with schizophrenia. However, the models are highly context-dependent and cannot be generalized.
Published Scientists identify how dietary restriction slows brain aging and increases lifespan (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Restricting calories is known to improve health and increase lifespan, but much of how it does so remains a mystery, especially in regard to how it protects the brain. Scientists have now uncovered a role for a gene called OXR1 that is necessary for the lifespan extension seen with dietary restriction and is essential for healthy brain aging.
Published Quest for personalized medicine hits a snag (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The quest for personalized medicine, a medical approach in which practitioners use a patient's unique genetic profile to tailor individual treatment, has emerged as a critical goal in the health care sector. But a new study shows that the mathematical models currently available to predict treatments have limited effectiveness.
Published Drugs used to treat Type 2 diabetes reduce alcohol cravings, use in individuals with obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An analysis of those posts, together with a remote study of individuals with obesity who reported using semaglutide and tirzepatide, found that the drugs decreased cravings and reduced alcohol consumption, according to a new study.
Published Hearing loss increases the risk of dementia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a new study featuring data from 573,088 people, researchers have found a link between hearing loss and the development of dementia. The study is the largest of its kind to date.
Published Spinal cord injury causes acute and systemic muscle wasting (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) patients lose body weight and muscle mass, despite being on a high-calorie diet while in the intensive care unit. Their muscle wasting is substantial and extends beyond what can explained by inactivity or denervation (loss of nerve supply) alone. Research sheds new light and decodes early muscle loss after SCI to provide an unprecedent first understanding that muscle wasting is rapid and severe; a systemic phenomenon and glucocorticoid dependent.
Published Unravelling the association between neonatal proteins and adult health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists studied two complement components that are important parts of the immune system and are linked to schizophrenia and autoimmune disorders. They studied the link between two protein concentrations -- C3 and C4 -- in over 68,000 newborn babies and the risk of developing six mental disorders later in life.
Published Body dissatisfaction linked with depression risk in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Body dissatisfaction at age 11 is linked to increased risk of depression by age 14, finds a new longitudinal study.
Published Fat flies live longer on a diet at any age (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Putting even elderly, obese flies on a restricted calorie diet extends their lifespan markedly, suggesting obese humans might get similar benefits from cutting calories, even at advanced age.
Published Survey finds Americans struggle to maintain healthy habits during the holiday season (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The holiday season is a time for joy and celebration but many Americans admit the endless flurry of activities make it difficult to eat healthy, exercise and get adequate rest, according to a new survey.
Published From the first bite, our sense of taste helps pace our eating (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When you eagerly dig into a long-awaited dinner, signals from your stomach to your brain keep you from eating so much you'll regret it -- or so it's been thought.