Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Saturated fat may interfere with creating memories in aged brain (via sciencedaily.com)
New research hints at a few ways fatty foods affect cells in the brain, a finding that could help explain the link between a high-fat diet and impaired memory -- especially as we age. A new study in cell cultures found the omega-3 fatty acid DHA may help protect the brain from an unhealthy diet's effects by curbing fat-induced inflammation at the cellular source.
Published Study shows millions of people live with co-occuring chronic pain and mental health symptoms (via sciencedaily.com)
New research found that nearly 1 in 20 adults in the U.S. experience the co-occurrence of chronic pain and anxiety or depression, resulting in functional limitations in daily life.
Published A promising drug candidate for ALS -- prolongs lifespan and eases symptoms in rats and mice (via sciencedaily.com)
A research group has found a promising drug candidate for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor CDNF prolongs the lifespan of and alleviates disease symptoms in rats and mice in animal studies.
Published Posttraumatic brain activity predicts resilience to PTSD (via sciencedaily.com)
After a traumatic experience, most people recover without incident, but some people -- between 2% and 10% -- develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental health condition that can cause debilitating symptoms of anxiety due to emotional dysregulation. PTSD symptoms are present in up to 40% of trauma survivors in the acute aftermath of trauma, but full-blown PTSD develops in only a small subset of cases. Early identification of those at risk is critical for both early treatment and possible prevention.
Published Compound derived from hops reduces abundance of gut microbe associated with metabolic syndrome (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have shown in a mouse model and lab cultures that a compound derived from hops reduces the abundance of a gut bacterium associated with metabolic syndrome.
Published Cognitive behavioral therapy eases how fibromyalgia pain is experienced by the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
Patients living with fibromyalgia (FM) -- a disease that predominantly affects women and is characterized by chronic pain, fatigue and brain fog -- often find limited treatment options and a scarcity of explanations for their symptoms. Investigators have now found that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can significantly reduce the burden of FM by, in part, reducing pain-catastrophizing, a negative cognitive and emotional response that can intensify pain through feelings of helplessness, rumination and intrusive thoughts. This finding is backed by neuroimaging data, evidencing reduced connectivity between regions of the brain associated with self-awareness, pain and emotional processing.
Published Job strain combined with high efforts and low reward doubled men's heart disease risk (via sciencedaily.com)
Men exposed to stressful working conditions who also felt that they put forth high effort but received low reward had twice the risk of heart disease compared to men who were free of those psychosocial stressors.
Published New blood marker can identify Parkinsonian diseases (via sciencedaily.com)
Is it possible that a single biomarker can detect all types of diseases related to dopamine deficiency in the brain? Yes, that's what a research group is discovering. 'We have observed that an enzyme in cerebrospinal fluid and in blood is a useful marker for identifying all types of Parkinson's-related diseases with high accuracy,' says the study leader.
Published Telecare cuts costs, boosts quality of life for dementia patients (via sciencedaily.com)
A telecare program that improves outcomes for patients with dementia and lightens the load for unpaid caregivers also has the surprising bonus of cutting Medicare costs, according to new research.
Published Study shows nearly 300% increase in ADHD medication errors (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers investigated the characteristics and trends of out-of-hospital ADHD medication errors among people younger than 20 years old reported to U.S. poison centers from 2000 through 2021.
Published Guidelines follow advances in ALS gene discovery, ongoing gene therapy trials (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have developed an evidence-based consensus guidelines for genetic testing and counseling for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease that affects the cells in the brain and spine.
Published Early treatment of child obesity is effective (via sciencedaily.com)
The early treatment of obesity in children is effective in both the short and long term, researchers report.
Published Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood affects food choices, weight gain and the microstructure of the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
A new study finds poor quality of available foods, increased intake of calories from foods high in trans-fatty acids, and environments that do not foster physical activity, all prevalent in disadvantaged neighborhoods, disrupt the flexibility of information processing in the brain that is involved in reward, emotion regulation, and cognition.
Published A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals by unhealthy snacking (via sciencedaily.com)
A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals with unhealthy snacks, which increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular disease.
Published Older adults with digestive diseases experience higher rates of loneliness, depression (via sciencedaily.com)
A team of gastroenterologists and hepatologists examine psychosocial factors in older Americans with gastrointestinal conditions.
Published Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments (via sciencedaily.com)
A resource economist finds mandated in-school Body Mass Index assessments adopted in varying forms by 24 states to combat childhood obesity have the potential to improve the health of some students while introducing body-image issues for others. The research is believed to be the first to assess these policies as a whole, rather than in single states or school districts.
Published 'Night owls' more likely than 'early birds' to develop diabetes (via sciencedaily.com)
A new study has an important message for people who consider themselves night owls. Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, a founding member of the Mass General Brigham healthcare system, found that people with later sleep and wake times had less healthy lifestyles and were at greater risk of developing diabetes than those with early-bird sleep habits.
Published Healthy lifestyle can help prevent depression -- and new research may explain why (via sciencedaily.com)
A healthy lifestyle that involves moderate alcohol consumption, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, healthy sleep and frequent social connection, while avoiding smoking and too much sedentary behavior, reduces the risk of depression, new research has found.
Published New insights into the development of Parkinson's disease in the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have identified a new pathological mechanism for a familial type of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the CHCHD2 gene. Mutant CHCHD2 protein is mislocalized in cells and leads to alpha-synuclein protein aggregates via interactions with another protein, known as Csnk1e/d. These findings indicate that Csnk1e/d inhibition may slow or halt Parkinson's disease development in patients with CHCHD2 mutations, providing new hope for affected families.
Published Online AI-based test for Parkinson's disease severity shows promising results (via sciencedaily.com)
A new artificial intelligence tool can help people with Parkinson's disease remotely assess the severity of their symptoms within minutes. While expert neurologists performed slightly better than the AI model, the AI model outperformed the primary care physicians with UPDRS certification.