Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published From the first bite, our sense of taste helps pace our eating (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When you eagerly dig into a long-awaited dinner, signals from your stomach to your brain keep you from eating so much you'll regret it -- or so it's been thought.
Published Poor work performance among Japanese employees strongly associated with insufficient sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
This study examined the association between work performance and lifestyle habits among Japanese employees. The results revealed that insufficient sleep was the predominant factor affecting work performance in men and women, followed by lack of regular exercise and eating late-evening meals. Furthermore, the study indicated that men were more likely to exhibit lifestyle habits that impacted work performance than women.
Published Following a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cognitive decline in older people (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Old people who follow a Mediterranean diet are at a lower risk of cognitive decline, according to a new study. The study provides new evidence for a better understanding of the biological mechanisms related to the impact of the diet on cognitive health in the aging population.
Published Blood clotting risk quickly drops after stopping hormonal contraceptives (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using birth control pills and other hormone-based contraceptives is known to elevate the risk of blood clots, but a new study suggests that this risk largely goes away within two to four weeks after one stops using these contraceptives. The findings can help patients and doctors weigh the benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives and guide when to stop using them ahead of events that could further increase the risk of dangerous clots, such as major surgery, prolonged periods of immobility, or when tapering anticoagulant medications after a blood clot.
Published Obesity linked to neurodegeneration through insulin resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered a link between obesity and neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Using the common fruit fly, the research shows that a high-sugar diet -- a hallmark of obesity -- causes insulin resistance in the brain, which in turn reduces the ability to remove neuronal debris, thus increasing the risk of neurodegeneration.
Published Visualizing fungal infections deep in living host tissue reveals proline metabolism facilitates virulence (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have published the first successful application of 2-photon intravital microscopy (IVM) to image the dynamics of fungal infections in the kidney of a living host. The study reveals that the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans requires the ability to metabolize proline, an amino acid obtained from the host, to mount virulent infections.
Published Women with a heart healthy diet in midlife are less likely to report cognitive decline later (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Women with diets during middle age designed to lower blood pressure were about 17 percent less likely to report memory loss and other signs of cognitive decline decades later, a new study finds.
Published Fungal infection in the brain produces changes like those seen in Alzheimer's disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered how the fungus Candida albicans enters the brain, activates two separate mechanisms in brain cells that promote its clearance, and, important for the understanding of Alzheimer's disease development, generates amyloid beta (Ab)-like peptides, toxic protein fragments from the amyloid precursor protein that are considered to be at the center of the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Published How plant-derived nutrients can affect the gut and brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Can plant-derived nutrients alter gut bacteria to affect brain function? Scientists investigated this question in a study of overweight adults. Their findings suggest that dietary fiber can exert influence on both the composition of gut bacteria and the reward signals in the brain and associated food decision-making.
Published Brain is 'rewired' during pregnancy to prepare for motherhood (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have shown that pregnancy hormones ‘rewire’ the brain to prepare mice for motherhood. The findings show that both estrogen and progesterone act on a small population of neurons in the brain to switch on parental behavior even before offspring arrive. These adaptations resulted in stronger and more selective responses to pups.
Published Being a vegetarian may be partly in your genes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in determining whether they can stick to a strict vegetarian diet, a new study has found. The findings open the door to further studies that could have important implications regarding dietary recommendations and the production of meat substitutes.
Published Discrimination alters brain-gut 'crosstalk,' prompting poor food choices and increased health risks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People frequently exposed to racial or ethnic discrimination may be more susceptible to obesity and related health risks in part because of a stress response that changes biological processes and how we process food cues, according to new research.
Published Saturated fat may interfere with creating memories in aged brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research hints at a few ways fatty foods affect cells in the brain, a finding that could help explain the link between a high-fat diet and impaired memory -- especially as we age. A new study in cell cultures found the omega-3 fatty acid DHA may help protect the brain from an unhealthy diet's effects by curbing fat-induced inflammation at the cellular source.
Published Early treatment of child obesity is effective (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The early treatment of obesity in children is effective in both the short and long term, researchers report.
Published Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood affects food choices, weight gain and the microstructure of the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study finds poor quality of available foods, increased intake of calories from foods high in trans-fatty acids, and environments that do not foster physical activity, all prevalent in disadvantaged neighborhoods, disrupt the flexibility of information processing in the brain that is involved in reward, emotion regulation, and cognition.
Published A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals by unhealthy snacking (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals with unhealthy snacks, which increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular disease.
Published New device rapidly controls postpartum hemorrhage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study led by obstetricians has shown that a new device can rapidly control postpartum hemorrhage, a major cause of severe maternal morbidity and death, in a wide range of patients.
Published Natural compound found in plants inhibits deadly fungi (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study finds that a natural compound found in many plants inhibits the growth of drug-resistant Candida fungi -- including its most virulent species, Candida auris, an emerging global health threat.
Published Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A resource economist finds mandated in-school Body Mass Index assessments adopted in varying forms by 24 states to combat childhood obesity have the potential to improve the health of some students while introducing body-image issues for others. The research is believed to be the first to assess these policies as a whole, rather than in single states or school districts.
Published 'Night owls' more likely than 'early birds' to develop diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has an important message for people who consider themselves night owls. Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, a founding member of the Mass General Brigham healthcare system, found that people with later sleep and wake times had less healthy lifestyles and were at greater risk of developing diabetes than those with early-bird sleep habits.