Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Why reading nursery rhymes and singing to babies may help them to learn language (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Phonetic information -- the smallest sound elements of speech -- may not be the basis of language learning in babies as previously thought. Babies don't begin to process phonetic information reliably until seven months old -- which researchers say is too late to form the foundation of language. Instead, babies learn from rhythmic information -- the changing emphasis of syllables in speech -- which unlike phonetic information, can be heard in the womb.
Published How pre- and postnatal B-12 vitamins improve breast milk vitamin B-12 levels, which supports infant brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a new study B-12 vitamins increase the presence of the micronutrient in mothers' breast milk, which is especially helpful in countries where it can be difficult to eat what is needed for the body to produce B-12 naturally.
Published Despite pressures facing young families, parents take precious moments to play with their babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Four in five primary caregivers of nine-month-old babies reported cuddling, talking and playing with their little one several times a day, in the first national long-term study of babies in over two decades.
Published Parental engagement positively associated with safer driving among young people, UGR study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The results show that while close supervision may be linked to increased anxiety when driving, it is also associated with a more cautious attitude behind the wheel.
Published Early body contact develops premature babies' social skills (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Skin-to-skin contact between parent and infant during the first hours after a very premature birth helps develop the child's social skills. The study also shows that fathers may play a more important role than previous research has shown.
Published Pulling an all-nighter? Don't follow with an important decision (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
With little insight into the impact of a lack of sleep on risky decision-making at the neuroimaging level, researchers found a 24-hour period of sleep deprivation significantly impacted individuals' decision-making processes by dampening neural responses to the outcomes of their choices.
Published AI may aid in diagnosing adolescents with ADHD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze specialized brain MRI scans of adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), researchers found significant differences in nine brain white matter tracts in individuals with ADHD.
Published Heart over head? Stages of the heart's cycle affect neural responses (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Optimal windows exist for action and perception during the 0.8 seconds of a heartbeat, according to new research. The sequence of contraction and relaxation is linked to changes in the motor system and its ability to respond to stimulation, and this could have implications for treatments for depression and stroke that excite nerve cells.
Published Understanding subjective beliefs could be vital to tailoring more effective treatments for depression and ADHD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Taking into account whether people believe they are receiving a real treatment or a fake one (placebo) could provide better insights that could help improve interventions for conditions such as depression and ADHD.
Published Kids who feel their parents are less reliable take fewer risks vital to learning and growth (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The researchers studied decisions that more than 150 children ages 10 to 13 made while playing games that offered opportunities to risk a little and explore for potential gains.
Published Discrimination during pregnancy can affect infant's brain circuitry (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Experiences of discrimination and acculturation are known to have a detrimental effect on a person's health. For pregnant women, these painful experiences can also affect the brain circuitry of their children, a new study finds. These effects, the researchers say, are separate from those caused by general stress and depression. The study was published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
Published Genes influence whether infants prefer to look at faces or non-social objects (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Whether infants at five months of age look mostly at faces or non-social objects such as cars or mobile phones is largely determined by genes. The findings suggest that there is a biological basis for how infants create their unique visual experiences and which things they learn most about.
Published Extra practice blending letter sounds helps struggling readers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has shown that extra practice in blending printed letter sounds can help struggling beginner readers (age 4-5) learn to read.
Published New study on experience of adopted people as they become parents (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new piece of research looks at the challenges faced by adopted people when they become parents. The study investigated the lived experiences of adopted people in the UK as they become parents. Until now research in this area has been very limited and hasn't tended to included the experiences of adopted men as fathers.
Published Our brains are not able to 'rewire' themselves, despite what most scientists believe, new study argues (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Contrary to the commonly-held view, the brain does not have the ability to rewire itself to compensate for the loss of sight, an amputation or stroke, for example, say scientists. The researchers argue that the notion that the brain, in response to injury or deficit, can reorganize itself and repurpose particular regions for new functions, is fundamentally flawed -- despite being commonly cited in scientific textbooks. Instead, they argue that what is occurring is merely the brain being trained to utilize already existing, but latent, abilities.
Published Babies as young as four months show signs of self-awareness (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Babies as young as four months old can make sense of how their bodies interact with the space around them, according to new research.
Published Hearing loss is associated with subtle changes in the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team of researchers employed hearing tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine whether hearing impairment is associated with differences in specific brain regions and affects dementia risk.
Published The bilingual brain may be better at ignoring irrelevant information (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Results showed that bilinguals seem to be more efficient at ignoring information that's irrelevant, rather than suppressing -- or inhibiting information.
Published AI can 'lie and BS' like its maker, but still not intelligent like humans (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A researcher contends that the understanding of AI is muddled by linguistics: That while indeed intelligent, AI cannot be intelligent in the way that humans are, even though 'it can lie and BS like its maker.'
Published A small molecule blocks aversive memory formation, providing a potential treatment target for depression (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in the world, but current anti-depressants have yet to meet the needs of many patients. Neuroscientists recently discovered a small molecule that can effectively alleviate stress-induced depressive symptoms in mice by preventing aversive memory formation with a lower dosage, offering a new direction for developing anti-depressants in the future.