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Categories: Child Development, Depression

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Child Development
Published

Large language models can't effectively recognize users' motivation, but can support behavior change for those ready to act      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Large language model-based chatbots can't effectively recognize users' motivation when they are hesitant about making healthy behavior changes, but they can support those who are committed to take action, say researchers.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Singing repairs the language network of the brain after a cerebrovascular accident      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Singing rehabilitates speech production in post-stroke aphasia. Researchers investigated the rehabilitative effect of singing on the brain.

Child Development
Published

People without an inner voice have poorer verbal memory      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The vast majority of people have an ongoing conversation with themselves, an inner voice, that plays an important role in their daily lives. But between 5-10 per cent of the population do not have the same experience of an inner voice, and they find it more difficult to perform certain verbal memory tasks, new research shows.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health
Published

Metabolism of autism reveals developmental origins      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have shed new light on the changes in metabolism that occur between birth and the presentation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) later in childhood. The researchers discovered that a small number of biochemical pathways are responsible for the majority of these changes, which could help inform new early detection and prevention strategies for autism.

Birth Defects Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Brain mechanisms underlying sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team has identified the primary cause of sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Teens who view their homes as more chaotic than their siblings have poorer mental health in adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adolescents who view their households as more unstructured, disorganized, or hectic than their siblings develop more mental health and behavioral problems in early adulthood, according to new research.

Depression Mental Health Research Today's Healthcare
Published

New guidelines for depression care emphasize patient-centred approach      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Psychiatrists and mental health professionals have a new standard for managing major depression, thanks to refreshed clinical guidelines.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Children sleep problems associated with psychosis in young adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children who experience chronic lack of sleep from infancy may be at increased risk of developing psychosis in early adulthood, new research shows.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

More than 321,000 U.S. children lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An estimated 321,566 children in the United States lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021, according to a new study. The rate of children who experienced this loss more than doubled during this period, from approximately 27 to 63 children per 100,000. The highest number of affected children were those with non-Hispanic white parents, but communities of color and tribal communities were disproportionately affected.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Childhood maltreatment responsible for up to 40 percent of mental health conditions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has found the widespread impact of child abuse and neglect, with analysis suggesting they cause nearly half of common mental conditions. Researchers say childhood maltreatment should be treated as a public health priority.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

How psychedelic drugs interact with serotonin receptors to potentially produce therapeutic benefits      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have shed valuable light on the complex mechanisms by which a class of psychedelic drugs binds to and activates serotonin receptors to produce potential therapeutic effects in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety.

Child Development Depression Parenting
Published

Pressure to be 'perfect' causing burnout for parents, mental health concerns for their children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Is the status of 'perfect parent' attainable? Researchers leading a national dialogue about parental burnout say 'no,' and a new study finds that pressure to try to be 'perfect' leads to unhealthy impacts on both parents and their children.

Child Development Infant's Health Parenting
Published

THC lingers in breastmilk with no clear peak point      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When breastfeeding mothers in a recent study used cannabis, its psychoactive component THC showed up in the milk they produced. The research also found that, unlike alcohol, when THC was detected in milk there was no consistent time when its concentration peaked and started to decline. Importantly, the researchers discovered that the amount of THC they detected in milk was low -- they estimated that infants received an average of 0.07 mg of THC per day. For comparison, a common low-dose edible contains 2 mg of THC. The research team stressed that it is unknown whether this amount has any impact on the infant.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

Genetics, not lack of oxygen, causes cerebral palsy in quarter of cases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The world's largest study of cerebral palsy (CP) genetics has discovered genetic defects are most likely responsible for more than a quarter of cases in Chinese children, rather than a lack of oxygen at birth as previously thought.

Depression Mental Health Research
Published

New device that emits magnetic field may offer hope for treating depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In an exploratory clinical trial, four male patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder underwent eight weeks of treatment with a device that generates a low-frequency ultralow magnetic field environment (ELF-ELME). An improvement in depressive symptoms was observed, with no adverse effects, among all patients. If the efficacy of the device can be confirmed in larger clinical trials with a control group, this therapy could serve as an alternative treatment for patients who do not want to take antidepressant medications.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Why getting in touch with our 'gerbil brain' could help machines listen better      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have debunked a 75-year-old theory about how humans determine where sounds are coming from, and it could unlock the secret to creating a next generation of more adaptable and efficient hearing devices ranging from hearing aids to smartphones.

Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Low intensity light to fight the effects of chronic stress      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Some neurological disorders can be improved through photobiomodulation, a non-invasive technique based on the application of low-intensity light to stimulate altered functions in specific regions of the body. Now, a study reveals how photobiomodulation applied to the brain-gut axis is effective in recovering some cognitive alterations and sequelae caused by chronic stress. The study opens up new perspectives for applying the technique in future therapies for the treatment of neurological diseases in patients.

Depression
Published

Virtual reality environment for teens may offer an accessible, affordable way to reduce stress      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Working with teens, researchers designed RESeT: a snowy virtual world with six activities intended to improve mood. In a 3-week study of 44 teens, researchers found that most of the teens used the technology about twice a week without being prompted and reported lower stress levels after using the environment.

Depression Menopause Mental Health Research Women's Health - General
Published

Women are 40% more likely to experience depression during the perimenopause      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women are 40% more likely to experience depression in the perimenopause than those who aren't experiencing any menopausal symptoms, finds a new study.

Child Development
Published

Intervention based on science of reading, math boosts comprehension, word problem-solving skills      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers tested a research-based intervention with English learners with math difficulty. The intervention proved to boost comprehension and help students synthesize and visualize information, which improved the students' math world problem-solving skills.