Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Family planning and the fear of missing out (via sciencedaily.com)
Among regretful parents, fear of missing out is a key motivator for having children.
Published Study shows millions of people live with co-occuring chronic pain and mental health symptoms (via sciencedaily.com)
New research found that nearly 1 in 20 adults in the U.S. experience the co-occurrence of chronic pain and anxiety or depression, resulting in functional limitations in daily life.
Published A promising drug candidate for ALS -- prolongs lifespan and eases symptoms in rats and mice (via sciencedaily.com)
A research group has found a promising drug candidate for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor CDNF prolongs the lifespan of and alleviates disease symptoms in rats and mice in animal studies.
Published Posttraumatic brain activity predicts resilience to PTSD (via sciencedaily.com)
After a traumatic experience, most people recover without incident, but some people -- between 2% and 10% -- develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental health condition that can cause debilitating symptoms of anxiety due to emotional dysregulation. PTSD symptoms are present in up to 40% of trauma survivors in the acute aftermath of trauma, but full-blown PTSD develops in only a small subset of cases. Early identification of those at risk is critical for both early treatment and possible prevention.
Published Compound derived from hops reduces abundance of gut microbe associated with metabolic syndrome (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have shown in a mouse model and lab cultures that a compound derived from hops reduces the abundance of a gut bacterium associated with metabolic syndrome.
Published Young children do better at school if their dads read and play with them (via sciencedaily.com)
Fathers can give their children an educational advantage at primary school by reading, drawing and playing with them, according to a newly published report.
Published Cognitive behavioral therapy eases how fibromyalgia pain is experienced by the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
Patients living with fibromyalgia (FM) -- a disease that predominantly affects women and is characterized by chronic pain, fatigue and brain fog -- often find limited treatment options and a scarcity of explanations for their symptoms. Investigators have now found that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can significantly reduce the burden of FM by, in part, reducing pain-catastrophizing, a negative cognitive and emotional response that can intensify pain through feelings of helplessness, rumination and intrusive thoughts. This finding is backed by neuroimaging data, evidencing reduced connectivity between regions of the brain associated with self-awareness, pain and emotional processing.
Published Exposure to plasticizers in pregnancy associated with smaller volumetric measures in the brain and lower IQ in children (via sciencedaily.com)
A study with 775 mother-child pairs in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) finds an association with maternal exposure to certain plasticizers (phthalates) and smaller volumetric measures in the brain of children as well as lower IQ at age 14
Published Job strain combined with high efforts and low reward doubled men's heart disease risk (via sciencedaily.com)
Men exposed to stressful working conditions who also felt that they put forth high effort but received low reward had twice the risk of heart disease compared to men who were free of those psychosocial stressors.
Published New blood marker can identify Parkinsonian diseases (via sciencedaily.com)
Is it possible that a single biomarker can detect all types of diseases related to dopamine deficiency in the brain? Yes, that's what a research group is discovering. 'We have observed that an enzyme in cerebrospinal fluid and in blood is a useful marker for identifying all types of Parkinson's-related diseases with high accuracy,' says the study leader.
Published Eureka baby! Groundbreaking study uncovers origin of 'conscious awareness' (via sciencedaily.com)
Fundamental questions of agency -- acting with purpose -- have perplexed some of the greatest minds in history including Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. Now, human babies provide groundbreaking insight into the origins of agency. Since goal-directed action appears in the first months of human life, researchers used young infants as a test field to understand how spontaneous movement transforms into purposeful action. The 'birth' of agency can be quantified as a 'eureka-like,' pattern-changing phase transition within a dynamical system that spans the baby, the brain, and the environment.
Published Telecare cuts costs, boosts quality of life for dementia patients (via sciencedaily.com)
A telecare program that improves outcomes for patients with dementia and lightens the load for unpaid caregivers also has the surprising bonus of cutting Medicare costs, according to new research.
Published Study shows nearly 300% increase in ADHD medication errors (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers investigated the characteristics and trends of out-of-hospital ADHD medication errors among people younger than 20 years old reported to U.S. poison centers from 2000 through 2021.
Published Guidelines follow advances in ALS gene discovery, ongoing gene therapy trials (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have developed an evidence-based consensus guidelines for genetic testing and counseling for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease that affects the cells in the brain and spine.
Published Early treatment of child obesity is effective (via sciencedaily.com)
The early treatment of obesity in children is effective in both the short and long term, researchers report.
Published Older adults with digestive diseases experience higher rates of loneliness, depression (via sciencedaily.com)
A team of gastroenterologists and hepatologists examine psychosocial factors in older Americans with gastrointestinal conditions.
Published Researchers develop new method for mapping the auditory pathway (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have developed a non-invasive method for mapping the human auditory pathway, which could potentially be used as a tool to help clinicians decide the best surgical strategy for patients with profound hearing loss.
Published Benefits, risks in state-mandated school-based BMI assessments (via sciencedaily.com)
A resource economist finds mandated in-school Body Mass Index assessments adopted in varying forms by 24 states to combat childhood obesity have the potential to improve the health of some students while introducing body-image issues for others. The research is believed to be the first to assess these policies as a whole, rather than in single states or school districts.
Published New insights into the development of Parkinson's disease in the brain (via sciencedaily.com)
Researchers have identified a new pathological mechanism for a familial type of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the CHCHD2 gene. Mutant CHCHD2 protein is mislocalized in cells and leads to alpha-synuclein protein aggregates via interactions with another protein, known as Csnk1e/d. These findings indicate that Csnk1e/d inhibition may slow or halt Parkinson's disease development in patients with CHCHD2 mutations, providing new hope for affected families.
Published Sleep-wake therapy gives new hope for teens with depression (via sciencedaily.com)
School systems aren't built for kids who fall asleep and wake up late, the so-called 'night owls,' which may help explain why this group of teens is more prone to depression.