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Categories: Child Development, Today's Healthcare

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Diabetes Today's Healthcare
Published

Shoe technology reduces risk of diabetic foot ulcers      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have developed a new shoe insole technology that helps reduce the risk of diabetic foot ulcers, a dangerous open sore that can lead to hospitalization and leg, foot or toe amputations.

Today's Healthcare
Published

Signs of multiple sclerosis show up in blood years before symptoms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a discovery that could hasten treatment for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), scientists have discovered a harbinger in the blood of some people who later went on to develop the disease.

Chronic Illness Fitness Today's Healthcare
Published

How data provided by fitness trackers and smartphones can help people with MS      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Monitoring and treating a case of multiple sclerosis requires reliable and long-term data on how the disease is progressing in the person in question. Fitness trackers and smartphones can supply this data, as a research team has now shown.

Child Development Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

New data identifies trends in accidental opioid overdoses in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The US saw a 22% decline in rates of prescription-opioid overdose related emergency department (ED) visits in children 17 and younger between 2008 and 2019, but an uptick in the early part of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study. The authors also note that rates of pediatric opioid overdoses remain high in many populations.

Child Development Today's Healthcare
Published

Artificial Intelligence beats doctors in accurately assessing eye problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has found that the AI model GPT-4 significantly exceeds the ability of non-specialist doctors to assess eye problems and provide advice.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Researchers find that accelerated aging biology in the placenta contributes to a rare form of pregnancy-related heart failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In a new study, researchers show that elevated levels of proteins related to cellular senescence, or aging, in the blood and the placenta are linked to this form of heart failure.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Today's Healthcare
Published

Adults with congenital heart disease faced higher risk of abnormal heart rhythms      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adults with congenital heart defects were more likely to experience an abnormal, irregular heartbeat, finds a new study.

Today's Healthcare
Published

Novel robotic training program reduces physician errors placing central lines      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

More than five million central lines are placed in patients who need prolonged drug delivery, such as those undergoing cancer treatments, in the United States every year, yet the common procedure can lead to a bevy of complications in almost a million of those cases. Researchers developed a robotic simulation training program to provide trainee physicians with more practice on the procedure. A year after deploying the program the team found that all complication types -- mechanical issues, infections and blood clots -- were significantly lower.

Child Development
Published

Following cellular lineage      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have advanced the understanding of how the cerebral cortex develops by tracing the lineage of certain brain cells.

Child Development
Published

Gender stereotypes in schools impact on girls and boys with mental health difficulties, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Gender stereotypes mean that girls can be celebrated for their emotional openness and maturity in school, while boys are seen as likely to mask their emotional distress through silence or disruptive behaviors, according to a recent study.

Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Today's Healthcare
Published

Common HIV treatments may aid Alzheimer's disease patients      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists have identified promising real-world links between common HIV drugs and a reduced incidence of Alzheimer's disease.

Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Bacteria behind meningitis in babies explained      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified the types of E.coli responsible for neonatal meningitis -- around 50 per cent of infections are caused by two types of E. coli. The study was the largest to date, examining genomes of E. coli bacteria across four continents. The research also revealed why some infections recur despite being treated with antibiotics -- it's most likely that bacteria hide out in the intestinal microbiome. This information tells us that we need to keep monitoring these babies after their first infection, as they are at a high risk of subsequent infections.

Crohn's Disease Today's Healthcare
Published

New Inflammatory Bowel Disease testing protocol could speed up diagnosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Patients with suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) could benefit from better testing protocols that would reduce the need and lengthy wait for potentially unnecessary colonoscopies, a new study has found.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Obesity Relationships
Published

Family and media pressure to lose weight in adolescence linked to how people value themselves almost two decades later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who as teenagers felt pressure to lose weight from family or from the media, females, people who are not heterosexual, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, are most at risk of 'internalized' weight stigma, new research has found.

Today's Healthcare
Published

AI enhances physician-patient communication      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study shows that AI enhances physician-patient communication.

Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

Physical activity reduces stress-related brain activity to lower cardiovascular disease risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Over a ten-year period, biobank participants who met recommended levels of physical activity had a 23% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, and the protective effects were even more pronounced in individuals with depression.

Child Development
Published

New study sheds light on the mechanisms underlying the development of malignant pediatric brain tumors      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study revealed how aberrant epigenetic regulation contributes to the development of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid (AT/RT) tumors, which are aggressive brain tumors that mainly affect young children. There is an urgent need for more research in this area as current treatment options are ineffective against these highly malignant tumors.

Today's Healthcare
Published

Antibiotics aren't effective for most lower tract respiratory infections      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Use of antibiotics provided no measurable impact on the severity or duration of coughs even if a bacterial infection was present, finds a large, prospective study of people who sought treatment in U.S. primary or urgent care settings for lower-respiratory tract infections.

Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Team demonstrates miniature brain stimulator in humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Engineers have developed the smallest implantable brain stimulator demonstrated in a human patient that could revolutionize treatment for drug-resistant depression and other psychiatric or neurological disorders.

Today's Healthcare
Published

Melanomas resist drugs by 'breaking' genes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has disentangled the mechanisms behind one of the ways melanoma cancer cells develop resistance to treatment. The study found that, in response to some drugs, melanomas can 'break' parts of their BRAF gene, which is mutated in 1 in 2 melanomas. This helps the tumor create alternative versions of the protein which lack regions targeted by one BRAF inhibitors, one of the main drugs used to treat this type of cancer, making treatment less effective. The findings pave the way for alternative strategies to treat BRAF-mutated melanoma, which leads to relapse in 50% of patients within a one-year period.