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Categories: Child Development, Neuropathy

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Child Development Children's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

New data identifies trends in accidental opioid overdoses in children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The US saw a 22% decline in rates of prescription-opioid overdose related emergency department (ED) visits in children 17 and younger between 2008 and 2019, but an uptick in the early part of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study. The authors also note that rates of pediatric opioid overdoses remain high in many populations.

Child Development Today's Healthcare
Published

Artificial Intelligence beats doctors in accurately assessing eye problems      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has found that the AI model GPT-4 significantly exceeds the ability of non-specialist doctors to assess eye problems and provide advice.

Child Development
Published

Following cellular lineage      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have advanced the understanding of how the cerebral cortex develops by tracing the lineage of certain brain cells.

Child Development
Published

Gender stereotypes in schools impact on girls and boys with mental health difficulties, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Gender stereotypes mean that girls can be celebrated for their emotional openness and maturity in school, while boys are seen as likely to mask their emotional distress through silence or disruptive behaviors, according to a recent study.

Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Bacteria behind meningitis in babies explained      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified the types of E.coli responsible for neonatal meningitis -- around 50 per cent of infections are caused by two types of E. coli. The study was the largest to date, examining genomes of E. coli bacteria across four continents. The research also revealed why some infections recur despite being treated with antibiotics -- it's most likely that bacteria hide out in the intestinal microbiome. This information tells us that we need to keep monitoring these babies after their first infection, as they are at a high risk of subsequent infections.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Obesity Relationships
Published

Family and media pressure to lose weight in adolescence linked to how people value themselves almost two decades later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who as teenagers felt pressure to lose weight from family or from the media, females, people who are not heterosexual, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, are most at risk of 'internalized' weight stigma, new research has found.

Child Development
Published

New study sheds light on the mechanisms underlying the development of malignant pediatric brain tumors      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study revealed how aberrant epigenetic regulation contributes to the development of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid (AT/RT) tumors, which are aggressive brain tumors that mainly affect young children. There is an urgent need for more research in this area as current treatment options are ineffective against these highly malignant tumors.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Psychology Research
Published

Study helps explain why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Today's Healthcare
Published

Economic burden of childhood verbal abuse by adults estimated at $300 billion globally      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Childhood verbal abuse by adults costs society an estimated $300 billion a year globally, show recent findings.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Stress Today's Healthcare
Published

AI model can accurately assess PTSD in postpartum women      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By analyzing the narratives of women who experienced traumatic childbirth and women with non-complicated childbirth, researchers created an AI model that can accurately identify those at risk of childbirth-related PTSD.

Child Development Parenting
Published

More synchrony between parents and children not always better      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

More synchrony between parents and children may not always be better, new research has revealed. For the first time a new study looked at behavioral and brain-to-brain synchrony in 140 families with a special focus on attachment. It looked at how they feel and think about emotional bonds whilst measuring brain activity as mums and dads solved puzzles with their kids.

Child Development Children's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

No link between acetaminophen use during pregnancy and children's risk of autism, ADHD, and intellectual disability, says large sibling study      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In the largest study to date on the subject, researchers found no evidence to support a causal link between acetaminophen use during pregnancy and increased risk of autism, ADHD and intellectual disability in children. The findings use data from a nationwide cohort of over 2.4 million children born in Sweden, including siblings not exposed to the drug before birth.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Parenting
Published

Disparities in sleep health and insomnia may begin at a young age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and teens from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by persistent insomnia symptoms that begin in childhood and continue through young adulthood, according to a new study. This study is one of the first to look at how childhood insomnia symptoms evolve over the long-term and investigate how the trajectory of insomnia differs between racial and ethnic groups.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Child Development Diabetes
Published

Large language models respond differently based on user's motivation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study reveals how large language models (LLMs) respond to different motivational states. In their evaluation of three LLM-based generative conversational agents (GAs)--ChatGPT, Google Bard, and Llama 2, scientists found that while GAs are able to identify users' motivation states and provide relevant information when individuals have established goals, they are less likely to provide guidance when the users are hesitant or ambivalent about changing their behavior.

Child Development
Published

Last chance to record archaic Greek language 'heading for extinction'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new data crowdsourcing platform aims to preserve the sound of Romeyka, an endangered millennia-old variety of Greek. Experts consider the language to be a linguistic goldmine and a living bridge to the ancient world.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Nutrition Parenting Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Even moderate alcohol usage during pregnancy linked to birth abnormalities      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that even low to moderate alcohol use by pregnant patients may contribute to subtle changes in their babies' prenatal development, including lower birth length and a shorter duration of gestation.

Child Development Parenting
Published

Early detection of language disorders helps children obtain right interventions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New screening tools in child health care are effective in identifying early language and communication difficulties in children. This is shown by two studies based on more than 6,000 children.

Child Development Children's Health Mental Health Research Parenting Today's Healthcare
Published

New initiative improves detection, evaluation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common pediatric neurobehavioral disorder with a prevalence of approximately 7%-10% in school-age children. ADHD significantly affects functioning throughout life including academic achievement, social and family relationships and occupational success, predisposing individuals to secondary psychopathology, substance use, justice system involvement and suicide. Fortunately, ADHD is treatable, most effectively with a combination of medication, behavioral therapy and school-based supports. Unfortunately, many children with ADHD go undiagnosed and untreated for years, and sometimes for life, putting those children most at risk for problematic outcomes.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

Parental avoidance of toxic exposures could help prevent autism, ADHD in children, new study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that parents with chemical intolerance are more likely to report children with autism and ADHD.