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Categories: Relationships, Schizophrenia

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Relationships
Published

When saying 'please' is more strategic than magic      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

By kindergarten age, most children have been taught that 'please' is a magic word. 'Please' is an expression of politeness that shows courtesy and respect, turning a potential demand into a request that will -- poof! -- magically be granted. But a new study on the ways people make requests of one another suggests that 'please' might not be an all-purpose marker of politeness, but rather a more focused, strategic tool to manage frictions or obstacles among family members, friends and even coworkers. The study shows that people say 'please' much less often than expected, and mostly when they expect a 'no' response is forthcoming.

Relationships
Published

AI intervention mitigates tension among conflicting ethnic groups      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

While intergroup interaction is a prerequisite for initiating peace and stability, there is the risk of further escalation from direct interactions. A shortage of an impartial electronic contact session may cause the process to become destabilized. Interactive AI programs may help reduce prejudice and anxiety among historically divided ethnic groups in Afghanistan during online interactions.

Relationships
Published

Physics confirms that the enemy of your enemy is, indeed, your friend      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The famous axiom 'the enemy of my enemy is my friend' is part of Austrian psychologist Fritz Heider's social balance theory, introduced in the 1940s. Previous studies have tried to model social networks based in famous theory but results remained controversial. New model takes into account two key pieces simultaneously: Not everyone knows everyone else in a social network, and some people are friendlier than others. With those two constraints, large-scale social networks consistently align with social balance theory. Model has broad applications for exploring political polarization, neural networks, drug interactions and more.

Relationships
Published

Social-media break has huge impact on young women's body image, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

There's a large and growing body of evidence pointing to potentially negative impacts of social media on mental health, from its addictive nature to disruptions in sleep patterns to effects on body image. Now, a new study has found that young women who took a social media break for as little as one week had a significant boost in self-esteem and body image -- particularly those most vulnerable to thin-ideal internalization.

Schizophrenia
Published

Student links worm behavior to brain disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An undergraduate student turns her honor's thesis into a peer-reviewed publication on schizophrenia research.

Relationships
Published

Loneliness grows as we age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Loneliness in adulthood follows a U-shaped pattern: it's higher in younger and older adulthood, and lowest during middle adulthood, reports a new study that examined nine longitudinal studies from around the world. The study also identified several risk factors for heightened loneliness across the whole lifespan, including social isolation, education and physical impairment.

Schizophrenia
Published

Understaffed nursing homes in disadvantaged neighborhoods more likely to overuse antipsychotics      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Nursing homes in disadvantaged communities are more likely to overmedicate residents with antipsychotics, especially homes that are understaffed, according to a new study.

Relationships
Published

Don't be a stranger -- study finds rekindling old friendships as scary as making new ones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Psychologists have found that people are as hesitant to reach out to an old friend as they are to strike up a conversation with a stranger, even when they had the capacity and desire to do so.

Relationships
Published

Exploring brain synchronization patterns during social interactions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Social interactions synchronize brain activity within individuals and between individuals. In a new study, researchers compared brain synchronization between pairs of people with relatively strong social ties (acquaintance pairs) and pairs with almost no social ties (stranger pairs). The study found that during a cooperative task, the stranger pairs exhibited more closely connected brain networks compared to the acquaintance pairs. These findings challenge the conventional understanding that stronger social bonds lead to greater brain synchronization.

Child Development Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Obesity Relationships
Published

Family and media pressure to lose weight in adolescence linked to how people value themselves almost two decades later      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who as teenagers felt pressure to lose weight from family or from the media, females, people who are not heterosexual, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, are most at risk of 'internalized' weight stigma, new research has found.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Relationships
Published

Talking politics with strangers isn't as awful as you'd expect, research suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Individuals underestimate the social connection they can make with a stranger who disagrees with them on contentious issues, a new research paper suggests.

Relationships
Published

Exploring the effect of the presence of familiar people in interpersonal space      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers investigate the influence of social relationships on our bodily responses to the presence of other persons in the interpersonal space.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Reverse effects of trauma? Older brain cells linger unexpectedly before their death      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers report that mature oligodendrocytes -- the central nervous system cells critical for brain function -- cling to life following a fatal trauma for much, much longer than scientists knew. The findings suggest a new pathway for efforts to reverse or prevent the damage that aging and diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause to these important cells.

Relationships
Published

Couples with similar drinking habits may live longer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The couple that drinks together might live longer together, too, says a University of Michigan researcher.

Relationships
Published

Social bonding gets people on the same wavelength      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When small hierarchical groups bond, neural activity between leaders and followers aligns, promoting quicker and more frequent communication, according to a new study.

Relationships
Published

While social media changes over decades, conversation dynamics stay the same, new study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has identified recurring, 'toxic' human conversation patterns on social media, which are common to users irrespective of the platform used, the topic of discussion, and the decade in which the conversation took place.

Relationships
Published

Less social with age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists tested several hypotheses on the drivers of social aging in free-living Assamese macaques in Thailand. The researchers collected data on the social behavior of females for eight years and found that the size of their social networks decreases with increasing age. The females continued to interact with their close social partners, but gradually withdrew from social interactions altogether. The results contribute to the understanding of the evolutionary origins of social aging.