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Categories: Birth Control, Schizophrenia

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Birth Defects Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Birth Control Diabetes Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Miscarriages linked to health risks in later pregnancies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers analyzed 52 studies involving more than 4 million pregnancies across 22 countries to investigate the health impacts of miscarriage, abortion and recurrent pregnancy loss (more than two miscarriages in succession) on subsequent pregnancies. The study found different health risks for each group.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Reverse effects of trauma? Older brain cells linger unexpectedly before their death      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers report that mature oligodendrocytes -- the central nervous system cells critical for brain function -- cling to life following a fatal trauma for much, much longer than scientists knew. The findings suggest a new pathway for efforts to reverse or prevent the damage that aging and diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause to these important cells.

Healthy Aging Schizophrenia
Published

Schizophrenia and aging may share a common biological basis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have uncovered a strikingly similar suite of changes in gene activity in brain tissue from people with schizophrenia and from older adults. These changes suggest a common biological basis for the cognitive impairment often seen in people with schizophrenia and in the elderly.

Children's Health Mental Health Research Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Bullied teens' brains show chemical change associated with psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that adolescents being bullied by their peers are at greater risk of the early stages of psychotic episodes and in turn experience lower levels of a key neurotransmitter in a part of the brain involved in regulating emotions. The finding suggests that this neurotransmitter may be a potential target for pharmaceutical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of psychotic disorders.

Healthy Aging Neuropathy Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.

Birth Control Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Higher infant mortality rates associated with restrictive abortion laws, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research provides evidence that U.S. states with the most restrictive abortion laws saw 16 percent more infant deaths in 2014-2018 than in states offering access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Vigilant monitoring is needed to manage cardiac risks in patients using antipsychotics, doctors say      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and haloperidol is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by drug-induced QT prolongation, reports a new study. Caution is advised to manage cardiac risks in patients prescribed these medications, the authors of the study and an accompanying editorial say.

Chronic Illness Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Study reveals function of little-understood synapse in the brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research for the first time reveals the function of a little-understood junction between cells in the brain that could have important treatment implications for conditions ranging from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's disease, to a type of brain cancer known as glioma. Neuroscientists focused on the synapse connecting neurons to a non-neuronal cell, known as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OPCs can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, which produce a sheath around nerves known as myelin. Myelin is the protective sheath covering each nerve cell's axon -- the threadlike portion of a cell that transmits electrical signals between cells.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Clinical predictive models created by AI are accurate but study-specific, researchers find      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists were able to show that statistical models created by artificial intelligence (AI) predict very accurately whether a medication responds in people with schizophrenia. However, the models are highly context-dependent and cannot be generalized.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Quest for personalized medicine hits a snag      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The quest for personalized medicine, a medical approach in which practitioners use a patient's unique genetic profile to tailor individual treatment, has emerged as a critical goal in the health care sector. But a new study shows that the mathematical models currently available to predict treatments have limited effectiveness.

Child Development Mental Health Research Schizophrenia
Published

Unravelling the association between neonatal proteins and adult health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists studied two complement components that are important parts of the immune system and are linked to schizophrenia and autoimmune disorders. They studied the link between two protein concentrations -- C3 and C4 -- in over 68,000 newborn babies and the risk of developing six mental disorders later in life.

Birth Control Healthy Aging
Published

Genetic mutations that promote reproduction tend to shorten human lifespan, study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study based on a review of genetic and health information from more than 276,000 people finds strong support for a decades-old evolutionary theory that sought to explain aging and senescence.  

Birth Control Children's Health Psychology Research
Published

Hormonal contraceptives in teens may alter risk assessment, rat study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Hormonal contraceptives taken by adolescents may influence development of the brain in a way that alters the recognition of risks, a new study in rats suggests.

Birth Control Gynecology Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Blood clotting risk quickly drops after stopping hormonal contraceptives      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Using birth control pills and other hormone-based contraceptives is known to elevate the risk of blood clots, but a new study suggests that this risk largely goes away within two to four weeks after one stops using these contraceptives. The findings can help patients and doctors weigh the benefits and risks of hormonal contraceptives and guide when to stop using them ahead of events that could further increase the risk of dangerous clots, such as major surgery, prolonged periods of immobility, or when tapering anticoagulant medications after a blood clot.

Birth Control Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Contraceptive pill users less likely to report depression      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has shown that women who are taking the oral contraceptive pill are less likely to report depression. The research, which analysed data from 6,239 women in the United States aged 18-55 years old, found that the prevalence of major depression amongst users of the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) was significantly lower, at 4.6%, compared to former OCP users (11.4%).

Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

An unexpected link between 2 schizophrenia risk proteins      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The discovery of a physical interaction between two proteins in brain cells that can be traced in mice to control of movement, anxiety and memory could one day open the door to development of new schizophrenia treatment strategies, researchers say.

Birth Defects Schizophrenia
Published

New clues to early development of schizophrenia      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disease that remains poorly understood and treated. Schizophrenia onset is typically in adolescence or early adulthood, but its underlying causes are thought to involve neurodevelopmental abnormalities. Because human prenatal and postnatal brain tissue is exceedingly difficult to procure and therefore study, researchers have had limited opportunities to identify early disease mechanisms, especially during the critical prenatal period. Now, a pair of studies use new technology to study schizophrenia in models of early human brain development.

Birth Control Pregnancy and Childbirth Sexual Health Today's Healthcare
Published

Morning-after pill more effective when taken with an anti-inflammatory painkiller, researchers find      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team recently published findings on adding an anti-inflammatory painkiller used for arthritis pain to an oral emergency contraceptive pill (also known as the morning-after pill) to increase the effectiveness of pregnancy prevention.