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Categories: Fertility, Schizophrenia

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Fertility
Published

What can bulls tell us about men?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found genes in the reproductive organs of bulls that influence fertility. The findings can be transferred to humans, as these genes are also present in men.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Fertility Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.

Fertility Healthy Aging Menopause Today's Healthcare Women's Health - General
Published

How ovarian tissue freezing could prevent menopause -- possibly forever      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new paradigm around the biological processes of menopause is capturing the attention of scientists. The primary question: can menopause be delayed in healthy women, allowing them to extend their child-bearing years -- and perhaps even forestall some of the health risks and uncomfortable symptoms linked to plummeting estrogen levels?

Children's Health Mental Health Research Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Bullied teens' brains show chemical change associated with psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that adolescents being bullied by their peers are at greater risk of the early stages of psychotic episodes and in turn experience lower levels of a key neurotransmitter in a part of the brain involved in regulating emotions. The finding suggests that this neurotransmitter may be a potential target for pharmaceutical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of psychotic disorders.

Healthy Aging Neuropathy Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.

Fertility
Published

Gene expression atlas captures where ovulation can go awry      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An interdisciplinary collaboration used a cutting-edge form of RNA tagging to map the gene expression that occurs during follicle maturation and ovulation in mice.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Semen microbiome health may impact male fertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study finds that a small group of microorganisms may be influencing sperm motility.

Fertility Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Surprise discovery: For most animals, sperm quality does not reduce with age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In humans, male fertility and sperm fitness decline with age, but scientists have made the surprising discovery that this pattern is not consistent in other animals. The team assessed the results of 379 studies which covered a wide range of animals, including mammals, insects, birds, and fish.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Vigilant monitoring is needed to manage cardiac risks in patients using antipsychotics, doctors say      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and haloperidol is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by drug-induced QT prolongation, reports a new study. Caution is advised to manage cardiac risks in patients prescribed these medications, the authors of the study and an accompanying editorial say.

Chronic Illness Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Study reveals function of little-understood synapse in the brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research for the first time reveals the function of a little-understood junction between cells in the brain that could have important treatment implications for conditions ranging from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's disease, to a type of brain cancer known as glioma. Neuroscientists focused on the synapse connecting neurons to a non-neuronal cell, known as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OPCs can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, which produce a sheath around nerves known as myelin. Myelin is the protective sheath covering each nerve cell's axon -- the threadlike portion of a cell that transmits electrical signals between cells.

Children's Health Fertility Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Aging mouse sperm affects MicroRNA, increasing the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Much is known about the added complication to pregnancy when it comes to the age of the mother, but recent studies show that the age of the father can also heighten the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. A team of researchers has explored the impacts of paternal aging on microRNAs, the molecules that play a crucial role in regulating gene expression.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Clinical predictive models created by AI are accurate but study-specific, researchers find      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists were able to show that statistical models created by artificial intelligence (AI) predict very accurately whether a medication responds in people with schizophrenia. However, the models are highly context-dependent and cannot be generalized.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Quest for personalized medicine hits a snag      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The quest for personalized medicine, a medical approach in which practitioners use a patient's unique genetic profile to tailor individual treatment, has emerged as a critical goal in the health care sector. But a new study shows that the mathematical models currently available to predict treatments have limited effectiveness.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth Women's Health - General
Published

Infertility: Sperm need a breakthrough for fertilization      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study identifies the defective function of CatSper, an ion channel controlling calcium levels in sperm, as a common cause of seemingly unexplained male infertility. CatSper-deficient human sperm fail to fertilize the egg, because they cannot penetrate its protective vestments. Thus far, this sperm channelopathy has remained undetectable. Scientists have unravelled CatSper's role in infertility using a novel laboratory test that identifies affected men.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
Published

Preconception stress may affect health of women undergoing fertility treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Stress during pregnancy is known to influence health outcomes, but a new study suggests that stress levels before pregnancy are also important to evaluate. Investigators analyzed the link between self-reported stress immediately before conception among women seeking fertility care and blood glucose levels, a marker of heart health. The team found that maternal stress during preconception was associated with higher blood glucose levels, especially among women using intrauterine insemination to conceive and women of higher socioeconomic status.

Fertility
Published

Nematode proteins shed light on infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Biologists developed a method for illuminating the intricate interactions of the synaptonemal complex in the nematode C. elegans. The authors identified a trio of protein segments that guide chromosomal interactions, and pinpointed the location where they interact with each other. Their novel method uses a technique known as genetic suppressor screening, which can serve as a blueprint for research on large cellular assemblies that resist traditional structural analysis.

Fertility Hormone Disorders Psychology Research
Published

Brain cell discovery sparks hope for fertility treatments      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have demonstrated how a specific type of neuron in the brain affects the release of hormones that control ovarian function in females. These findings could help researchers understand and treat reproductive disorders in both animals and humans.

Fertility Gynecology Menopause Women's Health - General
Published

How do painful fibroids grow?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Insights into how uterine tumors grow could give hope to millions of women who deal with painful fibroids.

Child Development Mental Health Research Schizophrenia
Published

Unravelling the association between neonatal proteins and adult health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists studied two complement components that are important parts of the immune system and are linked to schizophrenia and autoimmune disorders. They studied the link between two protein concentrations -- C3 and C4 -- in over 68,000 newborn babies and the risk of developing six mental disorders later in life.

Fertility Gynecology Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Having a C-section is related to difficulties with conceiving      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women who delivered their previous pregnancy by C-section spent a longer time trying to conceive their next pregnancy. Additionally, women who spent a longer time trying to conceive their current pregnancy were more likely to deliver by C-section. The authors concluded that differences in time spent trying to conceive are unlikely to be due to the surgical procedure itself.