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Categories: Breastfeeding, Schizophrenia

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Breastfeeding Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

A new mother's immune status varies with her feeding strategy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In one of the first studies of its kind, UC Santa Barbara researchers have found that the immune status of postpartum mothers shifts with how she feeds her baby. Certain inflammatory proteins -- substances that are secreted as part of an immune response -- peak at different times of day, correlating with whether the mothers breastfeed, pump or formula-feed their babies.

Schizophrenia
Published

Student links worm behavior to brain disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An undergraduate student turns her honor's thesis into a peer-reviewed publication on schizophrenia research.

Schizophrenia
Published

Understaffed nursing homes in disadvantaged neighborhoods more likely to overuse antipsychotics      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Nursing homes in disadvantaged communities are more likely to overmedicate residents with antipsychotics, especially homes that are understaffed, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research Schizophrenia
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Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Breastfeeding Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health
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Infant gut microbes have their own circadian rhythm, and diet has little impact on how the microbiome assembles      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infant gut microbiomes oscillate with a circadian rhythm, even when they are cultivated outside of the body. Researchers report that the rhythm is detectable as early as 2 weeks after birth but becomes more pronounced with age. The finding comes from a randomized controlled trial that also showed that diet has less impact on the development and composition of the infant microbiome than previously thought.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Reverse effects of trauma? Older brain cells linger unexpectedly before their death      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers report that mature oligodendrocytes -- the central nervous system cells critical for brain function -- cling to life following a fatal trauma for much, much longer than scientists knew. The findings suggest a new pathway for efforts to reverse or prevent the damage that aging and diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause to these important cells.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Nutrition Today's Healthcare
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Infant health suffered during baby formula shortage      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A survey by UC Davis researchers shows the U.S. baby formula shortage in 2022 led 81% of parents to switch brands or types, causing health effects for babies.

Healthy Aging Schizophrenia
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Schizophrenia and aging may share a common biological basis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have uncovered a strikingly similar suite of changes in gene activity in brain tissue from people with schizophrenia and from older adults. These changes suggest a common biological basis for the cognitive impairment often seen in people with schizophrenia and in the elderly.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health
Published

Breastfeeding after COVID-19 booster can give babies antibodies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recently published study that shows lactating mothers who get the COVID-19 booster pass along the antibodies to their children via their breast milk -- and potentially protect babies too young to receive the vaccine.

Children's Health Mental Health Research Psychology Research Schizophrenia
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Bullied teens' brains show chemical change associated with psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that adolescents being bullied by their peers are at greater risk of the early stages of psychotic episodes and in turn experience lower levels of a key neurotransmitter in a part of the brain involved in regulating emotions. The finding suggests that this neurotransmitter may be a potential target for pharmaceutical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of psychotic disorders.

Healthy Aging Neuropathy Psychology Research Schizophrenia
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Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Vigilant monitoring is needed to manage cardiac risks in patients using antipsychotics, doctors say      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and haloperidol is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by drug-induced QT prolongation, reports a new study. Caution is advised to manage cardiac risks in patients prescribed these medications, the authors of the study and an accompanying editorial say.

Chronic Illness Psychology Research Schizophrenia
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Study reveals function of little-understood synapse in the brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research for the first time reveals the function of a little-understood junction between cells in the brain that could have important treatment implications for conditions ranging from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's disease, to a type of brain cancer known as glioma. Neuroscientists focused on the synapse connecting neurons to a non-neuronal cell, known as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OPCs can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, which produce a sheath around nerves known as myelin. Myelin is the protective sheath covering each nerve cell's axon -- the threadlike portion of a cell that transmits electrical signals between cells.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Clinical predictive models created by AI are accurate but study-specific, researchers find      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists were able to show that statistical models created by artificial intelligence (AI) predict very accurately whether a medication responds in people with schizophrenia. However, the models are highly context-dependent and cannot be generalized.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
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Quest for personalized medicine hits a snag      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The quest for personalized medicine, a medical approach in which practitioners use a patient's unique genetic profile to tailor individual treatment, has emerged as a critical goal in the health care sector. But a new study shows that the mathematical models currently available to predict treatments have limited effectiveness.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
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Study on extremely preterm infants provides important healthcare knowledge      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infants born extremely prematurely need to get enrichment as an addition to breast milk. But does it make any difference whether the enrichment is made from breast milk or cow's milk when it comes to the risk of severe complications in children?

Child Development Mental Health Research Schizophrenia
Published

Unravelling the association between neonatal proteins and adult health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists studied two complement components that are important parts of the immune system and are linked to schizophrenia and autoimmune disorders. They studied the link between two protein concentrations -- C3 and C4 -- in over 68,000 newborn babies and the risk of developing six mental disorders later in life.

Breastfeeding Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Breastfeeding alters infant gut in ways that boost brain development, may improve test scores      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Breastfeeding, even partially alongside formula feeding, changes the chemical makeup -- or metabolome -- of an infant's gut in ways that positively influence brain development and may boost test scores years later, suggests new research.  

Breastfeeding Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Mothers need more 'exclusive breastfeeding' support      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life is proven to protect both mother and child health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), between 2015 and 2021, 48% of mothers exclusively breastfed, meaning that their babies were not given any other food or liquids. However, this figure is based on data collected from surveys which report what a child was given in the previous 24 hours. A research team has found that this '24-hour recall' method overestimates exclusive breastfeeding by about six times compared to a 'since-birth recall' method.