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Categories: Hormone Disorders, Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia
Published

Student links worm behavior to brain disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An undergraduate student turns her honor's thesis into a peer-reviewed publication on schizophrenia research.

Schizophrenia
Published

Understaffed nursing homes in disadvantaged neighborhoods more likely to overuse antipsychotics      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Nursing homes in disadvantaged communities are more likely to overmedicate residents with antipsychotics, especially homes that are understaffed, according to a new study.

Birth Defects Children's Health Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Two key brain systems are central to psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When the brain has trouble filtering incoming information and predicting what's likely to happen, psychosis can result, research shows.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Reverse effects of trauma? Older brain cells linger unexpectedly before their death      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers report that mature oligodendrocytes -- the central nervous system cells critical for brain function -- cling to life following a fatal trauma for much, much longer than scientists knew. The findings suggest a new pathway for efforts to reverse or prevent the damage that aging and diseases such as multiple sclerosis cause to these important cells.

Hormone Disorders
Published

Steroid drugs used for HRT can combat E. coli and MRSA      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have combined computational and microbiology laboratory approaches to identify existing drugs that can be repurposed to combat antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. This research has revealed that a class of steroid drugs currently used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can also stop the growth of antibiotic-resistant E. coli and effectively kill MRSA.

Healthy Aging Schizophrenia
Published

Schizophrenia and aging may share a common biological basis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have uncovered a strikingly similar suite of changes in gene activity in brain tissue from people with schizophrenia and from older adults. These changes suggest a common biological basis for the cognitive impairment often seen in people with schizophrenia and in the elderly.

Hormone Disorders
Published

Latest science shows endocrine disrupting chemicals in plastics, pesticides, and other sources pose health threats globally      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A report from the world's leading scientific and medical experts on hormone-related health conditions raises new concerns about the profound threats to human health from endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that are ubiquitous in our surroundings and everyday lives. Everyday exposures to EDCs in the environment may be linked to increasing rates of infertility, diabetes, immune deficiencies, and other serious conditions; Highly Hazardous Pesticides pose ongoing threats.

Children's Health Mental Health Research Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Bullied teens' brains show chemical change associated with psychosis      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that adolescents being bullied by their peers are at greater risk of the early stages of psychotic episodes and in turn experience lower levels of a key neurotransmitter in a part of the brain involved in regulating emotions. The finding suggests that this neurotransmitter may be a potential target for pharmaceutical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of psychotic disorders.

Healthy Aging Neuropathy Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Firing nerve fibers in the brain are supplied with energy on demand      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

To rapidly transmit electrical signals in the brain, the long nerve fibers are insulated by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes. These cells also respond to the electrical signals of active nerve fibers and provide them with energy on demand, as researchers have discovered. If this process, regulated by potassium, is disabled in mice, the nerve fibers are severely damaged as the animals age -- resembling the defects of neurodegenerative diseases.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Vigilant monitoring is needed to manage cardiac risks in patients using antipsychotics, doctors say      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The use of the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and haloperidol is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) caused by drug-induced QT prolongation, reports a new study. Caution is advised to manage cardiac risks in patients prescribed these medications, the authors of the study and an accompanying editorial say.

Chronic Illness Psychology Research Schizophrenia
Published

Study reveals function of little-understood synapse in the brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research for the first time reveals the function of a little-understood junction between cells in the brain that could have important treatment implications for conditions ranging from multiple sclerosis to Alzheimer's disease, to a type of brain cancer known as glioma. Neuroscientists focused on the synapse connecting neurons to a non-neuronal cell, known as oligodendrocyte precursor cells. OPCs can differentiate into oligodendrocytes, which produce a sheath around nerves known as myelin. Myelin is the protective sheath covering each nerve cell's axon -- the threadlike portion of a cell that transmits electrical signals between cells.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Clinical predictive models created by AI are accurate but study-specific, researchers find      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists were able to show that statistical models created by artificial intelligence (AI) predict very accurately whether a medication responds in people with schizophrenia. However, the models are highly context-dependent and cannot be generalized.

Schizophrenia Today's Healthcare
Published

Quest for personalized medicine hits a snag      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The quest for personalized medicine, a medical approach in which practitioners use a patient's unique genetic profile to tailor individual treatment, has emerged as a critical goal in the health care sector. But a new study shows that the mathematical models currently available to predict treatments have limited effectiveness.

Fertility Hormone Disorders Psychology Research
Published

Brain cell discovery sparks hope for fertility treatments      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have demonstrated how a specific type of neuron in the brain affects the release of hormones that control ovarian function in females. These findings could help researchers understand and treat reproductive disorders in both animals and humans.

Child Development Mental Health Research Schizophrenia
Published

Unravelling the association between neonatal proteins and adult health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists studied two complement components that are important parts of the immune system and are linked to schizophrenia and autoimmune disorders. They studied the link between two protein concentrations -- C3 and C4 -- in over 68,000 newborn babies and the risk of developing six mental disorders later in life.

Diabetes Hormone Disorders
Published

Stimulating nerves connected to the pancreas regenerates insulin-producing cells, mouse study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Decreasing pancreatic beta cell numbers -- the only cells that produce insulin -- is a leading cause of diabetes. In a promising development, a research group has revealed that stimulating autonomic vagal nerves connected to the pancreas can improve the function and also increase the number of pancreatic beta cells in mice.

Hormone Disorders
Published

Why does puberty trigger us to stop growing?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Research on fruit flies has implications for this poorly understood process in humans.

Chronic Illness Hormone Disorders Thyroid Disease
Published

Anti-rheumatic drugs could prevent thyroid disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Anti-rheumatic drugs used for rheumatoid arthritis might prevent the development of autoimmune thyroid disease, according to a new observational study.

Hormone Disorders
Published

Excessive fluid consumption: Habit or hormonal disorder?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

People who drink more than three liters of fluid a day may be suffering from a rare hormone deficiency. For many, however, it is just a harmless habit. Failing to differentiate the two correctly can be fatal, so researchers have been investigating what kind of test delivers a reliable diagnosis.