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Categories: Diabetes, Dietary Supplements and Minerals

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Diabetes Nutrition
Published

Sweet taste receptor affects how glucose is handled metabolically by humans      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The sweet-taste receptor might be the first stop in a metabolic surveillance system for sugar. The receptor is also expressed in certain intestinal cells, where it may facilitate glucose absorption and assimilation, as part of this system. A team found that stimulation and inhibition of the sweet receptor helps regulate glucose metabolism in humans and may have implications for managing such metabolic disorders as diabetes.

Diabetes Nutrition Obesity
Published

Two decades of studies suggest health benefits associated with plant-based diets      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Vegetarian and vegan diets are generally associated with better status on various medical factors linked to cardiovascular health and cancer risk, as well as lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and death, according to a new review of 49 previously published papers.

Chronic Illness Diabetes
Published

How night shift work can raise risk of diabetes, obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Just a few days on a night shift schedule throws off protein rhythms related to blood glucose regulation, energy metabolism and inflammation, processes that can influence the development of chronic metabolic conditions. The finding provides new clues as to why night shift workers are more prone to diabetes, obesity and other metabolic disorders. Though more research is needed, the researchers said the study shows that these disrupted rhythms can be seen in as little as three days, which suggests early intervention to prevent diabetes and obesity is possible. Such intervention could also help lower the risk of heart disease and stroke, which is elevated in night shift workers as well.

Diabetes Neuropathy Today's Healthcare
Published

Neuropathy very common, underdiagnosed      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Neuropathy, the nerve damage that causes pain and numbness in the feet and hands and can eventually lead to falls, infection and even amputation, is very common and underdiagnosed, according to a new study.

Diabetes
Published

Biomarker found to help identify cells that can repair damaged blood vessels      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered a protein marker to help identify cells able to repopulate in patients with damaged blood vessels. Their findings could lead to new therapies for people with endothelial dysfunction, a type of disorder that contributes to coronary artery disease that may occlude with plaque and lack ability to carry sufficient blood into the heart tissue causing a heart attack.

Diabetes
Published

Decoding the three ancestral components of the Japanese people      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research group have used whole-genome sequencing to unravel the complex ancestry of the Japanese population. The analysis supports an earlier study that proposed that the Japanese population originated from admixtures of three ancestral groups, challenging the long-held dual-structure model.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Vitamin
Published

New study challenges one-size-fits-all approach to vitamin D supplementation guidelines      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study sheds light on the complexities of achieving optimal vitamin D status across diverse populations. Despite substantial research on the determinants of vitamin D, levels of vitamin D deficiency remain high. Researchers believe their findings have significant implications for the development of tailored recommendations for vitamin D supplementation.

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition
Published

Dietary changes may treat pulmonary hypertension      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Blood vessels in the lungs aren't like the others in the body. This difference becomes clear in pulmonary hypertension, in which only the lungs' blood vessels stiffen progressively, leading to chronic lung disease, heart failure and death. The underlying reasons for this organ-specific vessel stiffening remained a mystery until researchers made a surprising discovery about these blood vessel cells in patients with pulmonary hypertension -- they're hungry.

Children's Health Diabetes Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

Researchers identify causal genetic variant linked to common childhood obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a causal genetic variant strongly associated with childhood obesity. The study provides new insight into the importance of the hypothalamus of the brain and its role in common childhood obesity and the target gene may serve as a druggable target for future therapeutic interventions.

Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Psychology Research Vitamin
Published

Nutrient research reveals pathway for treating brain disorders      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The team discovered that an essential nutrient called choline is transported into the brain, across the blood-brain barrier, by a protein transporter called FLVCR2. This is discovery will inform future design of drugs for diseases such as Alzheimer's and stroke, mimicking choline so they can be smuggled into the brain.

Diabetes
Published

An electrifying discovery may help doctors deliver more effective gene therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In an effort to improve delivery of costly medical treatments, a team of researchers in electrical engineering has developed a stimulating method that could make the human body more receptive to certain gene therapies.

Alternative Medicine Bipolar Disorder Children's Health Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition
Published

An omega-6 fatty acid may reduce the risk for bipolar disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A genetic propensity to higher circulating levels of lipids containing arachidonic acid, an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid found in eggs, poultry, and seafood, has been found to be linked with a lower risk for bipolar disorder. This new evidence paves the way for potential lifestyle or dietary interventions.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition
Published

Cranberry extracts could boost microbiota and counter cardiometabolic diseases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cranberry extracts appear to improve intestinal microbiota and help prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The study reported beneficial effects after only four days of use.

Diabetes
Published

Experimental type 1 diabetes drug shelters pancreas cells from immune system attack      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists say that an experimental monoclonal antibody drug called mAb43 appears to prevent and reverse the onset of clinical type 1 diabetes in mice, and in some cases, to lengthen the animals' lifespan.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Vitamin
Published

Vitamin D alters mouse gut bacteria to give better cancer immunity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found that vitamin D encourages the growth of a type of gut bacteria in mice which improves immunity to cancer.

Diabetes
Published

Food in sight? The liver is ready!      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

What happens in the body when we are hungry and see and smell food? A team of researchers has now been able to show in mice that adaptations in the liver mitochondria take place after only a few minutes. Stimulated by the activation of a group of nerve cells in the brain, the mitochondria of the liver cells change and prepare the liver for the adaptation of the sugar metabolism. The findings could open up new avenues for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Today's Healthcare
Published

Physical activity in nature helps prevent several diseases, including depression and type 2 diabetes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Physical activity in natural environments prevent almost 13,000 cases of non-communicable diseases a year in England and save treatment costs of more than 100 million, new research has found.

Diabetes
Published

Genetics predict type 2 diabetes risk and disparities in childhood cancer survivors      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Learn how ancestry changes genetic risk variants' impact on type 2 diabetes in childhood cancer survivors & alkylating agent exposure magnifies diabetes risk. Learn how ancestry changes genetic risk variants' impact on type 2 diabetes in childhood cancer survivors & alkylating agent exposure magnifies diabetes risk.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health
Published

Follow-up 50 years on finds landmark steroid study remains safe      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A follow-up analysis 50 years later finds no adverse heart health risk from Professor Mont Liggins' landmark steroid study to reduce illness and death for pre-term babies.