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Categories: Child Development, Psychology Research

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Child Development
Published

Large language models can't effectively recognize users' motivation, but can support behavior change for those ready to act      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Large language model-based chatbots can't effectively recognize users' motivation when they are hesitant about making healthy behavior changes, but they can support those who are committed to take action, say researchers.

Psychology Research
Published

Different brain structures in females lead to more severe cognitive deficits after concussion than males      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Important brain structures that are key for signaling in the brain are narrower and less dense in females, and more likely to be damaged by brain injuries, such as concussion. Long-term cognitive deficits occur when the signals between brain structures weaken due to the injury. The structural differences in male and female brains might explain why females are more prone to concussions and experience longer recovery from the injury than their male counterparts.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Singing repairs the language network of the brain after a cerebrovascular accident      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Singing rehabilitates speech production in post-stroke aphasia. Researchers investigated the rehabilitative effect of singing on the brain.

Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Very early blood pressure control confers both benefits and harms in acute stroke      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Early identification of stroke type could be key to harnessing the benefits of very early in-ambulance blood pressure lowering treatment in patients with suspected acute stroke, according to new research.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

'Trojan horse' weight loss drug more effective than available therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A groundbreaking article describes a promising new therapy for obesity that leads to greater weight loss in mice than existing medications. The approach smuggles molecules into the brain's appetite center and affects the brain's neuroplasticity.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Research sheds light on how proteins linked to Alzheimer's disease influence neuronal growth      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research has shed light in the complex interplay between cell proteins, and how they impact on neurons in neurodevelopmental disorders and Alzheimer's disease.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Alzheimer's disease without symptoms: How is that possible?      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Everyone experiences aging in their own way, and factors such as genetics, lifestyle and environment play a role in this process. Some individuals reach the age of 90 or even 100 in good health, without medications or brain disease. But how do these individuals maintain their health as they age?

Psychology Research
Published

An astrocytic pH regulator that can repair the blood-brain barrier and reverse brain damage caused by ischemic stroke      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A recent study has found that an ion transporter protein that regulates the pH of specific brain cells can repair the blood-brain barrier and restore normal brain function after ischemic stroke. The study has revealed novel and specific therapeutic targets for ischemic stroke and related brain conditions for which no targeted treatments exist currently.

Child Development
Published

People without an inner voice have poorer verbal memory      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The vast majority of people have an ongoing conversation with themselves, an inner voice, that plays an important role in their daily lives. But between 5-10 per cent of the population do not have the same experience of an inner voice, and they find it more difficult to perform certain verbal memory tasks, new research shows.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Some brain cells age faster and are more prevalent in Alzheimer's      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Engineers have discovered that some brain cells age more rapidly than others, and they are disproportionately abundant in individuals afflicted with Alzheimer's disease. Additionally, researchers observed male-female-specific differences in the aging process of certain brain cells, with the female cortex exhibiting a higher ratio of 'old' oligodendrocytes to 'old' neurons compared to the male cortex. The discoveries were made possible by a new technique called MUSIC (multinucleic acid interaction mapping in single cells), which allows researchers to peek inside individual brain cells and map out interactions between chromatin--which is the tightly coiled form of DNA -- and RNA.

Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Innovative 'mini-brains' could revolutionize Alzheimer's treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research could revolutionize the way Alzheimer's and other brain-related diseases are diagnosed and treated -- by building tiny brains in a petri dish.

Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

Study reveals patients with brain injuries who died after withdrawal of life support may have recovered      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Analysis of 1,392 patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) found that some patients for whom life support was withdrawn may have survived and recovered some level of independence a few months after injury. Families are often asked to make decision to withdraw life support within 72 hours of a brain injury, and the new study suggests delaying decisions may be beneficial for some patients.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health
Published

Metabolism of autism reveals developmental origins      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have shed new light on the changes in metabolism that occur between birth and the presentation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) later in childhood. The researchers discovered that a small number of biochemical pathways are responsible for the majority of these changes, which could help inform new early detection and prevention strategies for autism.

Mental Health Research Psychology Research Stress
Published

Study shows heightened sensitivity to PTSD in autism      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study shows that a mild stress is enough to trigger post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mouse models of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Researchers demonstrated that the two disorders share a reciprocal relationship, identifying a predisposition to PTSD in ASD, and discovering that core autism traits are worsened when traumatic memories are formed.

Birth Defects Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Brain mechanisms underlying sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team has identified the primary cause of sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Chronic Illness Psychology Research Today's Healthcare
Published

'Wraparound' implants represent new approach to treating spinal cord injuries      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A tiny, flexible electronic device that wraps around the spinal cord could represent a new approach to the treatment of spinal injuries, which can cause profound disability and paralysis. A team of engineers, neuroscientists and surgeons developed the devices and used them to record the nerve signals going back and forth between the brain and the spinal cord. Unlike current approaches, the new devices can record 360-degree information, giving a complete picture of spinal cord activity.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Teens who view their homes as more chaotic than their siblings have poorer mental health in adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adolescents who view their households as more unstructured, disorganized, or hectic than their siblings develop more mental health and behavioral problems in early adulthood, according to new research.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Children sleep problems associated with psychosis in young adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children who experience chronic lack of sleep from infancy may be at increased risk of developing psychosis in early adulthood, new research shows.

Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Psychology Research
Published

Damaging impact of heat waves on vital organs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found evidence of the molecular causes of the damaging impact heat stress causes on the gut, liver and brain in the elderly. These findings point to the potential of developing precise prognostic and therapeutic interventions.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

More than 321,000 U.S. children lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An estimated 321,566 children in the United States lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021, according to a new study. The rate of children who experienced this loss more than doubled during this period, from approximately 27 to 63 children per 100,000. The highest number of affected children were those with non-Hispanic white parents, but communities of color and tribal communities were disproportionately affected.