Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published How does neonatal listeriosis impact children's health? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Maternal-fetal listeriosis is a severe disease that can lead to miscarriage, premature birth or serious neonatal infection. But what are the long-term consequences of neonatal listeriosis on the health of surviving infants? A team of scientists and physicians monitored the development of children infected with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes up to the age of 5, and compared their development with that of uninfected gestational age-matched children. The study showed that the long-term outcomes of neonatal listeriosis were mainly due to prematurity.
Published How pre- and postnatal B-12 vitamins improve breast milk vitamin B-12 levels, which supports infant brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a new study B-12 vitamins increase the presence of the micronutrient in mothers' breast milk, which is especially helpful in countries where it can be difficult to eat what is needed for the body to produce B-12 naturally.
Published Phasing out fossil fuels could save millions of lives (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists provide new evidence to motivate rapid fossil fuel phaseout. The science team determined exposure to ambient air pollution and its health impacts using an updated atmospheric composition model, a newly developed relative risk model and recent satellite-based fine particle data. They estimated all-cause and disease-specific mortality and attributed them to emission categories. They show that phasing out fossil fuels is a remarkably effective health-improving and life-saving intervention. About 5 million excess deaths per year globally could potentially be avoided.
Published Early body contact develops premature babies' social skills (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Skin-to-skin contact between parent and infant during the first hours after a very premature birth helps develop the child's social skills. The study also shows that fathers may play a more important role than previous research has shown.
Published Rise of microplastics discovered in placentas of Hawaii mothers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study examined placentas donated by women who delivered in Hawaii from 2006 to 2021, and found the presence of microplastic particles in the placenta.
Published Coronary heart disease before age 45 may increase risk of dementia later in life (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Having coronary heart disease at a younger age was associated with an increased risk of dementia, Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia, finds a new study.
Published Newborn babies at risk from bacteria commonly carried by mothers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
One in 200 newborns is admitted to a neonatal unit with sepsis caused by a bacteria commonly carried by their mothers -- much greater than the previous estimate, say researchers. The team has developed an ultra-sensitive test capable of better detecting the bacteria, as it is missed in the vast majority of cases.
Published Neurodegeneration in myelin disease: No myelin is better than bad myelin (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Efficient removal of abnormal myelin allows survival of nerve fibers targeted by adaptive immune cells, according to a novel study.
Published Repairing nerve cells after injury and in chronic disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers discovered a mechanism for repairing damaged nerves during peripheral neuropathy in mice, wherein the protein Mitf orchestrates nerve repair after both trauma-induced and chronic nerve damage conditions, like Charcot Marie Tooth disease. Their findings may inspire novel therapeutics that bolster repair function and heal peripheral neuropathy -- even in hereditary and developmental cases.
Published Discrimination during pregnancy can affect infant's brain circuitry (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Experiences of discrimination and acculturation are known to have a detrimental effect on a person's health. For pregnant women, these painful experiences can also affect the brain circuitry of their children, a new study finds. These effects, the researchers say, are separate from those caused by general stress and depression. The study was published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.
Published Spike in premature births caused by COVID, halted by vaccines, study finds (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
COVID-19 caused an alarming surge in premature births, but vaccines were key to returning the early birth rate to pre-pandemic levels, according to a new analysis of California birth records.
Published Early-stage stem cell therapy trial shows promise for treating progressive MS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An international team has shown that the injection of a type of stem cell into the brains of patients living with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) is safe, well tolerated and has a long-lasting effect that appears to protect the brain from further damage.
Published Anti-rheumatic drugs could prevent thyroid disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Anti-rheumatic drugs used for rheumatoid arthritis might prevent the development of autoimmune thyroid disease, according to a new observational study.
Published Coffee grounds may hold key to preventing neurodegenerative diseases (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team of researchers found that caffeic-acid based Carbon Quantum Dots (CACQDs), which can be derived from spent coffee grounds, have the potential to protect brain cells from the damage caused by several neurodegenerative diseases.
Published 1060 million people with 'other' musculoskeletal disorders by 2050 (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A category of musculoskeletal disorders of our joints, muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons and spine are on the rise and a new forecast is as many as 1060 million people -- up from 464 million -- will be living with related disabilities by 2050, placing even greater pressure on stretched healthcare systems.
Published More needs to be done to prevent dependence on pain medication (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Dependence on pain medication is on the rise due to lack of vigilance by medical professionals, according to a new study. Patients dependent on pain medication describe feelings of 'living in a haze' and being ignored and misunderstood by the medical profession.
Published Nanoplastics promote conditions for Parkinson's across various lab models (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nanoplastics interact with a particular protein that is naturally found in the brain, creating changes linked to Parkinson's disease and some types of dementia.
Published Cheap medicines prevented migraine as well as expensive ones (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study sheds light on what works best to prevent migraine attacks, and surprisingly, cheaper medicines worked as well as the expensive ones.
Published Comprehensive guideline on using biomarkers for monitoring Crohn's disease (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New AGA guideline outlines reliable blood and stool tests to monitor inflammation that can reduce how often patients need invasive endoscopy.
Published Unravelling the secrets of neurodegenerative diseases, one protein at a time (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Proteins misfolding and clumping together, a process known as aggregation, is a key feature seen in several neurological conditions, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. These disorders involve the formation of small, potentially harmful structures called oligomers, which could serve as valuable indicators for early diagnosis. They are incredibly small, however, and much rarer than the healthy non-aggregated proteins. This makes it hard to detect and measure them accurately.