Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Link between high levels of niacin -- a common B vitamin -- and heart disease, study suggests (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a new pathway that contributes to cardiovascular disease associated with high levels of niacin, a common B vitamin previously recommended to lower cholesterol. The team discovered a link between 4PY, a breakdown product from excess niacin, and heart disease. Higher circulating levels of 4PY were strongly associated with development of heart attack, stroke and other adverse cardiac events in large-scale clinical studies. The researchers also showed in preclinical studies that 4PY directly triggers vascular inflammation which damages blood vessels and can lead to atherosclerosis over time.
Published Archaeological evidence of seasonal vitamin D deficiency discovered (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Rickets ran rife in children following the Industrial Revolution, but new research has found factory work and polluted cities aren't entirely to blame for the period's vitamin D deficiencies.
Published Switching to vegan or ketogenic diet rapidly impacts immune system (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (also called keto) diet. Scientists closely monitored various biological responses of people sequentially eating vegan and keto diets for two weeks, in random order. They found that the vegan diet prompted responses linked to innate immunity -- the body's non-specific first line of defense against pathogens -- while the keto diet prompted responses associated with adaptive immunity -- pathogen-specific immunity built through exposures in daily life and vaccination. Metabolic changes and shifts in the participants' microbiomes -- communities of bacteria living in the gut -- were also observed.
Published New study reveals high prevalence of anemia with low rates of screening (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has found high rates of anemia among patients in the Irish health system, while screening for common causes was found to be low.
Published Natural compounds derived from soy and other plants reduce breast cancer recurrence and improve survival (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Soy compounds called isoflavones are among the plant-derived compounds that may significantly reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence or death, according to a new meta-analysis.
Published US adults eat a meal's worth of calories of snacks in a day (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Snacks constitute almost a quarter of a day's calories in U.S. adults and account for about one-third of daily added sugar, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzing data from surveys of over 20,000 people found that Americans averaged about 400 to 500 calories in snacks a day -- often more than what they consumed at breakfast -- that offered little nutritional value.
Published Similarity between vitamin B12 loss and multiple sclerosis revealed (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers describe a novel molecular link between vitamin B12 and MS that takes place in astrocytes -- important non-neuronal glial cells in the brain.
Published Pregnant women are missing vital nutrients needed for them and their babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Pregnant women eating modern diets are missing key nutrients needed for them and their babies, and this could get worse with the move to plant-based foods. Scientists surveying more than 1,700 women found most were missing vitamins usually found in meat and dairy, including B12, B6 and D, folic acid and riboflavin which are essential for the development of fetuses in the womb.
Published Vitamin D supplements do not prevent bone fractures in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A major clinical trial has found that vitamin D supplements do not increase bone strength or prevent bone fractures in children with vitamin D deficiency. The findings challenge widely held perceptions relating to the effects of vitamin D on bone health.
Published How pre- and postnatal B-12 vitamins improve breast milk vitamin B-12 levels, which supports infant brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a new study B-12 vitamins increase the presence of the micronutrient in mothers' breast milk, which is especially helpful in countries where it can be difficult to eat what is needed for the body to produce B-12 naturally.
Published Twin research indicates that a vegan diet improves cardiovascular health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A recent trial of identical twins comparing vegan and omnivore diets found that a vegan diet improves overall cardiovascular health.
Published Novel study finds aspirin-free regimen benefits patients with LVAD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The ARIES-HM3 Randomized Clinical Trial assessed the safety and efficacy of excluding aspirin from the antithrombotic regimen in patients with advanced heart failure who have undergone implantation of a fully magnetically levitated left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The clinical trial found that excluding aspirin from the antithrombotic regimen in patients with a levitated left ventricular assist device was safe.
Published Study reveals surprising link between malnutrition and rising antibiotic resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered startling connections between micronutrient deficiencies and the composition of gut microbiomes in early life that could help explain why resistance to antibiotics has been rising across the globe. The team investigated how deficiencies in crucial micronutrients such as vitamin A, B12, folate, iron, and zinc affected the community of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microbes that live in the digestive system. They discovered that these deficiencies led to significant shifts in the gut microbiome of mice -- most notably an alarming expansion of bacteria and fungi known to be opportunistic pathogens. Importantly, mice with micronutrient deficiencies also exhibited a higher enrichment of genes that have been linked to antibiotic resistance.
Published Vitamin B12: A key player in cellular reprogramming and tissue regeneration (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers reveal that vitamin B12 significantly boosts the efficiency of cellular reprogramming, thus holding promise for regenerative medicine. Vitamin B12 supplementation shows potential in speeding up tissue repair in a model of ulcerative colitis -- an observation that points to potential new treatments for inflammatory diseases.
Published Clinical trial data suggests prenatal vitamin D reduces a child's risk of asthma (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A review of 15 years' worth of data found that vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy was linked to reduced rates of asthma and wheezing in children compared to standard prenatal multivitamin.
Published Reducing vitamin B5 slows breast cancer growth in mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered that breast cancer cells expressing a cancer-driving gene heavily rely on vitamin B5 to grow and survive.
Published Study suggests even more reasons to eat your fiber (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Health professionals have long praised the benefits of insoluble fiber for bowel regularity and overall health. New research suggests even more reasons we should be prioritizing fiber in our regular diets. Researchers found that each plant source of insoluble fiber contains unique bioactives -- compounds that have been linked to lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and Type 2 diabetes -- offering potential health benefits beyond those of the fiber itself.
Published The microbiome of fruit and vegetables positively influences diversity in the gut (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
In a meta-study, a research team has provided evidence that the consumption of fruit and vegetables contributes positively to bacterial diversity in the human gut.
Published Being a vegetarian may be partly in your genes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A person's genetic makeup plays a role in determining whether they can stick to a strict vegetarian diet, a new study has found. The findings open the door to further studies that could have important implications regarding dietary recommendations and the production of meat substitutes.
Published A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals by unhealthy snacking (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A quarter of people are undoing the benefits of healthy meals with unhealthy snacks, which increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular disease.