Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Link between high levels of niacin -- a common B vitamin -- and heart disease, study suggests (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a new pathway that contributes to cardiovascular disease associated with high levels of niacin, a common B vitamin previously recommended to lower cholesterol. The team discovered a link between 4PY, a breakdown product from excess niacin, and heart disease. Higher circulating levels of 4PY were strongly associated with development of heart attack, stroke and other adverse cardiac events in large-scale clinical studies. The researchers also showed in preclinical studies that 4PY directly triggers vascular inflammation which damages blood vessels and can lead to atherosclerosis over time.
Published Turning back the clock on photoaging skin (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study examines dermal injections and their impact on skin aging.
Published Archaeological evidence of seasonal vitamin D deficiency discovered (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Rickets ran rife in children following the Industrial Revolution, but new research has found factory work and polluted cities aren't entirely to blame for the period's vitamin D deficiencies.
Published New study reveals high prevalence of anemia with low rates of screening (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has found high rates of anemia among patients in the Irish health system, while screening for common causes was found to be low.
Published Researchers discover potential microbiome links to skin aging (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Recent findings have identified a potential new link to signs of skin aging -- the skin microbiome, the collection of microorganisms that inhabits our skin.
Published A more eco-friendly facial sheet mask that moisturizes, even though it's packaged dry (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Starting a new year, many people pledge to enact self-care routines that improve their appearance. And facial sheet masks soaked in skin care ingredients provide an easy way to do this. However, these wet masks and their waterproof packaging often contain plastics and preservatives. Now, a study reports a dry-packaged hydrating facial mask that is made of biobased and sustainable materials.
Published US adults eat a meal's worth of calories of snacks in a day (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Snacks constitute almost a quarter of a day's calories in U.S. adults and account for about one-third of daily added sugar, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzing data from surveys of over 20,000 people found that Americans averaged about 400 to 500 calories in snacks a day -- often more than what they consumed at breakfast -- that offered little nutritional value.
Published Similarity between vitamin B12 loss and multiple sclerosis revealed (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers describe a novel molecular link between vitamin B12 and MS that takes place in astrocytes -- important non-neuronal glial cells in the brain.
Published Pregnant women are missing vital nutrients needed for them and their babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Pregnant women eating modern diets are missing key nutrients needed for them and their babies, and this could get worse with the move to plant-based foods. Scientists surveying more than 1,700 women found most were missing vitamins usually found in meat and dairy, including B12, B6 and D, folic acid and riboflavin which are essential for the development of fetuses in the womb.
Published Vitamin D supplements do not prevent bone fractures in children (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A major clinical trial has found that vitamin D supplements do not increase bone strength or prevent bone fractures in children with vitamin D deficiency. The findings challenge widely held perceptions relating to the effects of vitamin D on bone health.
Published How pre- and postnatal B-12 vitamins improve breast milk vitamin B-12 levels, which supports infant brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a new study B-12 vitamins increase the presence of the micronutrient in mothers' breast milk, which is especially helpful in countries where it can be difficult to eat what is needed for the body to produce B-12 naturally.
Published Novel study finds aspirin-free regimen benefits patients with LVAD (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The ARIES-HM3 Randomized Clinical Trial assessed the safety and efficacy of excluding aspirin from the antithrombotic regimen in patients with advanced heart failure who have undergone implantation of a fully magnetically levitated left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The clinical trial found that excluding aspirin from the antithrombotic regimen in patients with a levitated left ventricular assist device was safe.
Published Study reveals surprising link between malnutrition and rising antibiotic resistance (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered startling connections between micronutrient deficiencies and the composition of gut microbiomes in early life that could help explain why resistance to antibiotics has been rising across the globe. The team investigated how deficiencies in crucial micronutrients such as vitamin A, B12, folate, iron, and zinc affected the community of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microbes that live in the digestive system. They discovered that these deficiencies led to significant shifts in the gut microbiome of mice -- most notably an alarming expansion of bacteria and fungi known to be opportunistic pathogens. Importantly, mice with micronutrient deficiencies also exhibited a higher enrichment of genes that have been linked to antibiotic resistance.
Published Vitamin B12: A key player in cellular reprogramming and tissue regeneration (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers reveal that vitamin B12 significantly boosts the efficiency of cellular reprogramming, thus holding promise for regenerative medicine. Vitamin B12 supplementation shows potential in speeding up tissue repair in a model of ulcerative colitis -- an observation that points to potential new treatments for inflammatory diseases.
Published Clinical trial data suggests prenatal vitamin D reduces a child's risk of asthma (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A review of 15 years' worth of data found that vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy was linked to reduced rates of asthma and wheezing in children compared to standard prenatal multivitamin.
Published Reducing vitamin B5 slows breast cancer growth in mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have discovered that breast cancer cells expressing a cancer-driving gene heavily rely on vitamin B5 to grow and survive.
Published First-in-class targeted microRNA therapy slows cancer tumor growth (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new cancer therapy attacks tumors by tricking cancer cells into absorbing a snippet of RNA that naturally blocks cell division.
Published Antioxidants stimulate blood flow in tumors (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Vitamin C and other antioxidants stimulate the formation of new blood vessels in lung cancer tumors, a new study shows. The discovery corroborates the idea that dietary supplements containing antioxidants can accelerate tumor growth and metastasis.
Published Do certain amino acids modify the risk of dementia linked to air pollution? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Higher levels of vitamin B-related amino acids may be linked to the risk of dementia associated with a certain type of air pollutants called particulate matter, according to a study published in the July 19, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that pollution or amino acids cause dementia, but it suggests a possible link among them.
Published Why does skin get 'leathery' after too much sun? Bioengineers examine cellular breakdown (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study explores how ultraviolet radiation can alter the microstructure of human skin. Particularly affected is collagen, the fibrous protein that binds together tissue, tendon, cartilage and bone throughout our bodies.