Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Elimination of type of bacteria suggests treatment for endometriosis (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A research group has discovered that using an antibiotic to target Fusobacterium, a common bacterium that causes inflammation, improved the symptoms of endometriosis. Their findings suggest an alternative treatment for the disease.
Published Dynamic expression of brain serotonin receptors across the menstrual cycle provides clues about premenstrual dysphoric disorder (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study explores the interplay between the serotonin system and estradiol in the brain, showing that the central nervous system in patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) seems to increase serotonin transporter density from the periovulatory phase (when estradiol levels are high) to premenstrual cycle phase (when both estradiol and progesterone are decreasing). The findings have the potential to advance the clinical treatment of PMDD.
Published Migraines during menstruation: Low estrogen levels paired with higher CGRP levels may jump start migraine (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
As estrogen levels fluctuate, a new study has found for female participants with migraine, their levels of the protein calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) that plays a key role in starting the migraine process also fluctuate.
Published Fiber discovery could shape better gut health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Changing the structure of a dietary fiber commonly found in a range of food products has been found to promote healthy gut bacteria and reduce gas formation, a finding that could help people with intolerances to fiber and irritable bowel conditions.
Published Does lifetime exposure to estrogen affect risk of stroke? (via sciencedaily.com)
People with a higher cumulative estrogen exposure throughout their life may have a lower risk of stroke, according to a new study. The lower risk was found for both ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage.
Published Lower bacterial diversity is associated with irritable bowel syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have lower bacterial diversity in the intestine than do healthy people, according to a team of investigators. The investigators believe that theirs is the first analysis to find a clear association between IBS and reduced diversity in the microbiota of the gut.
Published Realtime monitoring with a wearable device reveals IBS-related changes (via sciencedaily.com)
A research group recorded the autonomic nervous system activity in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy subjects using a wearable device and a proprietary smartphone application to record daily life events such as defecation and sleep. As a result, they found that sympathetic nervous system activity was activated in IBS patients from 2 minutes before defecation and continued until 9 minutes after defecation. Further research is expected to improve the quality of life of IBS patients and elucidate the pathophysiology.
Published Treating gut pain via a Nobel prize-winning receptor (via sciencedaily.com)
Targeting a receptor responsible for our sense of touch and temperature, which researchers have now found to be present in our colon, could provide a new avenue for treating chronic pain associated with gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome. A team examining the colon identified the presence of Piezo2, the subject of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, now known to be responsible for sensing light touch on our skin.
Published How gravity may cause irritable bowel syndrome (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new theory suggests irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), the most common gastrointestinal disorder, may be caused by gravity. An expert explains that IBS -- and many other conditions -- could result from the body's inability to manage gravity.
Published Bloating common issue among Americans (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Nearly 1 in 7 Americans experience bloating on a weekly basis, and most aren't seeking professional care for it, according to a new study.
Published Birth choices after previous cesarean and risk of pelvic floor surgery (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Vaginal birth after a previous cesarean section is associated with an increased risk of pelvic floor surgery compared with planning another cesarean, according to a new study. The findings provide useful information to help women who have had a previous cesarean section when planning how to give birth in their next pregnancy.
Published Adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with inactive inflammatory bowel disease (via sciencedaily.com)
Inflammatory bowel disease is a risk factor for giving birth preterm even when in apparent disease remission, a new study shows. If corroborated, the results may eventually affect recommendations for women with ulcerative colitis who tries to conceive.
Published Fungal association with tumors may predict worse outcomes (via sciencedaily.com)
The presence of some fungal species in tumors predicts -- and may even help drive -- worse cancer outcomes, according to a new study.
Published Advanced imaging sheds light on immune escape of shape-shifting fungus (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fungal pathogens have a major global impact upon human health -- they are often difficult to diagnose and treat, and there is an urgent need for better diagnostics and more effective antifungal treatments. Using newly developed imaging technologies, researchers have now revealed how Candida albicans, a common fungus, evades immune responses. According to the researchers this involves an 'alien-like' shape shifting that allows the fungus to break out of immune cells.
Published Data on cancer risk from hormone therapy 'reassuring,' menopause experts say (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new scientific paper and other recent evidence offer important reassurances about the risk of breast cancer from hormone therapy to treat menopause symptoms, two menopause experts say.
Published Histamine-producing gut bacteria can trigger chronic abdominal pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The culprit is what has now been named Klebsiella aerogenes, the McMaster-Queen (MQ) strain, identified in up to 25 per cent of gut microbiota samples from patients with IBS. Researchers examined stool microbiota samples from both Canadian and American patient cohorts.
Published Curbing Candida: The cells that keep fungal infections at bay (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered a previously unknown defense mechanism employed by the immune system in fighting Candida infections.
Published Women burn fat even after menopause (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The estrogen deficiency following menopause is thought to impair women's ability to use fat as an energy source. A study shows that menopausal state or blood estrogen levels do not clearly determine the rate middle-aged women are able to use fat at rest or during exercise. Higher fat utilization did not indicate better glucose tolerance.
Published Uterine transplantation is efficacious and safe, study suggests (via sciencedaily.com)
Transplanting a uterus is an effective, safe method to remedy infertility when a functioning uterus is lacking. This is the conclusion from a thorough study of uterine transplantation.
Published Progress toward personalized prevention of preterm birth: When progesterone works and when it does not (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The most effective intervention to prevent preterm birth is the administration of a natural hormone, progesterone, in patients at risk for premature delivery. Two categories of patients have been eligible for this treatment: those with a short cervix and those with a previous preterm birth. But new research indicates that progesterone is not effective in reducing the rate of preterm birth in women with a prior history of preterm birth.