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Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Eureka baby! Groundbreaking study uncovers origin of 'conscious awareness'      (via sciencedaily.com) 

Fundamental questions of agency -- acting with purpose -- have perplexed some of the greatest minds in history including Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. Now, human babies provide groundbreaking insight into the origins of agency. Since goal-directed action appears in the first months of human life, researchers used young infants as a test field to understand how spontaneous movement transforms into purposeful action. The 'birth' of agency can be quantified as a 'eureka-like,' pattern-changing phase transition within a dynamical system that spans the baby, the brain, and the environment.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
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Intellectual disability more common in families with substance use disorder      (via sciencedaily.com) 

Children of a parent with alcohol or drug use disorder have a greater risk of intellectual disability, even if the problem only lies with the father, researchers report. According to the study, preventive measures should be directed at both parents.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning
Published

Toddlers learn to reason logically before they learn to speak, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com) 

Nineteen-month-old toddlers already use natural logical thinking, even before they learn to speak, to deal with uncertainties about the world. This natural logic contributes to their learning process, both in terms of language and in other fields of knowledge, according to a new study.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Adding complex component of milk to infant formula confers long-term cognitive benefits for bottle-fed babies      (via sciencedaily.com) 

New research has shown how a complex component of milk that can be added to infant formula has been shown to confer long-term cognitive benefits, including measures of intelligence and executive function in children.

Cosmetics Skin Care
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Why men, wealthy people and maritime residents are more likely to develop skin cancer      (via sciencedaily.com) 

A new study examines why people living in Atlantic regions are more at-risk for developing melanoma than other Canadians, providing lessons on skin cancer prevention for the whole country. To find out why, the researchers compared UV exposure and behaviours among different groups in Atlantic Canada based on income, education, and gender, among other factors.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Psychology Research
Published

Research hints at links between babies' microbiome and brain development      (via sciencedaily.com) 

In a small, exploratory study, levels of certain types of microbes in babies' guts were shown to be associated with performance in tests of early cognitive development.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Newly identified lipid in breast milk might reduce cerebral palsy in infants      (via sciencedaily.com) 

In experiments using neonatal mice, researchers have identified a fatty molecule in breast milk that triggers a process in which stem cells in the brain produce cells that create new white matter, reversing brain injury.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

What nap times reveal about your child's brain development      (via sciencedaily.com) 

Infants who nap a lot have smaller vocabularies and poorer cognitive skills -- according to new research.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

How mother and infant sleep patterns interact during the first two years of life      (via sciencedaily.com) 

New mothers can expect sleep deprivation in the first few years of baby's life. But too little sleep can take a toll on the health of both mother and child. A new study looks at maternal and infant sleep patterns, identifying predictors and providing recommendations for instilling healthy habits.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Hardship affects the gut microbiome across generations      (via sciencedaily.com) 

A new study has shown that hardship experienced by mothers during their own childhood or during pregnancy is reflected in the composition of their 2-year-old children's gut microbiome. It was previously understood that in rodents, prenatal stress affects microbiomes into adulthood, but how long after birth the effects lasted in humans was unknown. The changes to this community of microorganisms are likely among the ways that hardship affects a child's socioemotional development.

Cosmetics Skin Care
Published

Why does skin get 'leathery' after too much sun? Bioengineers examine cellular breakdown      (via sciencedaily.com) 

A study explores how ultraviolet radiation can alter the microstructure of human skin. Particularly affected is collagen, the fibrous protein that binds together tissue, tendon, cartilage and bone throughout our bodies.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Baby opera: Study finds babies get a kick out of live music      (via sciencedaily.com) 

Study findings suggest that even babies feel the impact of being at a live show, through both musicians' interactions with an audience and the social experience of being in a crowd.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning
Published

Burns take a toll on academic outcomes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A common childhood injury has been shown to slash school completion rates, adding to evidence that found being hospitalized can have a long-lasting effect on young people.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
Published

Babies talk more around human-made objects than natural ones      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study suggests young children are more vocal when interacting with toys and household items, highlighting their importance for developing language skills.

Breastfeeding Child Development Children's Health Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Dads are key in supporting breastfeeding, safe infant sleep      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fathers can make a huge difference in whether an infant is breastfed and placed to sleep safely, according to a recent survey of new fathers.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

High-quality child care contributes to later success in science, math      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children who receive high-quality child care as babies, toddlers and preschoolers do better in science, technology, engineering and math through high school, and that link is stronger among children from low-income backgrounds, according to new research.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting Relationships
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Conflict in marriage less harmful for kids when dad keeps it constructive      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Conflict is unavoidable in all marriages. When it erupts in families with children, stressed or angry parents may take their pain out on the kids, projecting their anger or withdrawing emotionally or physically. In the worst cases, children's socioemotional development can suffer. But the way parents, especially fathers, deal with marital conflict can make a difference to kids, according to a new study.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

How caregiver speech shapes infant brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research shines light on how parents who talk more to their infants improve their children's brain development. Scientists used imaging and audio recordings to link early language skills to caregiver speech, delivering an affirming message that parents can greatly influence their child's linguistic growth in ways that are trackable in brain scans.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Male babies 'talk' more in the first year than female babies do      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Young babies make many squeals, vowel-like sounds, growls, and short word-like sounds such as 'ba' or 'aga.' Those precursors to speech or 'protophones' are later replaced with early words and, eventually, whole phrases and sentences. While some infants are naturally more 'talkative' than others, a new study confirms that there are differences between males and females in the number of those sounds.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Poor air quality linked to cognitive problems in babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research shows that poor air quality could be causing cognitive problems in babies and toddlers. A new study reveals an association between poor air quality in India and impaired cognition in infants under two. Without action, the negative impact on children's long-term brain development could have consequences for life.