Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published DNA barcoding identifies the plants a person has eaten (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
DNA barcoding is now being used to identify the plant matter in human feces, revealing what a person has eaten. A reliable genetic marker for plant-based foods can be retrieved from poop, showing not only what was eaten, but in what relative amounts. The technique should improve clinical trials, nutrition studies and more.
Published Molecular imaging identifies brain changes in response to food cues; offers insight into obesity interventions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Molecular imaging with 18F-flubatine PET/MRI has shown that neuroreceptors in the brains of individuals with obesity respond differently to food cues than those in normal-weight individuals, making the neuroreceptors a prime target for obesity treatments and therapy. This research contributes to the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying obesity and offers valuable insights into potential medical interventions.
Published Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research links women's lean body mass with how quickly they eliminate alcohol from their system. Women with obesity and those who are older eliminate alcohol from their bloodstreams faster than those of normal weight and those who are younger.
Published A subtype of depression identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Using surveys, cognitive tests and brain imaging, researchers have identified a type of depression that affects about a quarter of patients. The goal is to diagnose and treat the condition more precisely.
Published All the immunity, none of the symptoms (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists found pairing specific diets with diarrheal disease-causing bacteria can create lasting immunity in mice without a need to ever experience symptoms. The findings pave the way for vaccine development that could reduce symptoms and mortality of diarrheal illness and other diseases in humans.
Published Chronic stress-related neurons identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified a group of nerve cells in the mouse brain that are involved in creating negative emotional states and chronic stress. The neurons, which have been mapped with a combination of advanced techniques, also have receptors for estrogen, which could explain why women as a group are more sensitive to stress than men.
Published Studying herpes encephalitis with mini-brains (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The herpes simplex virus-1 can sometimes cause a dangerous brain infection. Combining an anti-inflammatory and an antiviral could help in these cases, report scientists.
Published Unraveling the connections between the brain and gut (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Engineers designed a technology to probe connections between the brain and the digestive tract. Using fibers embedded with a variety of sensors, as well as optogenetic stimulation, the researchers could control neural circuits connecting the gut and the brain, in mice.
Published Omega-3 fatty acids linked to slower decline in ALS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who eat more foods high in certain omega-3 fatty acids like flaxseed oil, walnuts, canola oil and pumpkin seeds may have a slower physical decline from the disease and may have a slightly extended survival. Researchers also found an omega-6 fatty acid may be beneficial. The study does not prove that these omega fatty acids slow decline of ALS or extend survival; it only shows an association.
Published Ketone supplements worsen performance in trained endurance athletes, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Kinesiologists at McMaster University have found ketone supplements, used by some athletes hoping to cross the finish line faster, may in fact worsen performance. The new study tackles contradictory research findings related to the effectiveness of ketone supplements, which have gained popularity among athletes seeking a competitive advantage.
Published Restoring the blood-brain barrier? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists discover a treatment in mice to repair the blood-brain barrier, which is key to brain health.
Published Everyone's brain has a pain fingerprint -- new research has revealed for the first time (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has revealed everyone's brain has a 'pain fingerprint' that varies from person to person.
Published Brain receptor patterns separate sensory and cognitive networks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Receptor patterns define key organizational principles in the brain, scientists have discovered.
Published Scientists discover spiral-shaped signals that organize brain activity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have discovered human brain signals traveling across the outer layer of neural tissue that naturally arrange themselves to resemble swirling spirals.
Published Astrocyte processing of serotonin regulates olfactory perception (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have uncovered novel aspects of astrocyte function in olfactory, or smell, perception revealing changes in their gene expression patterns that turn these brain cells into a hub of olfactory sensation processing.
Published Pregnancy hormone repairs myelin damage in MS mouse model (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study has identified a treatment that could repair myelin in the cortex, undoing some of the damage caused by MS.
Published New discovery can help detect brain tumors (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Folate-based radiopharmaceuticals can be used in positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to detect folate receptors in brain tumours. The discovery of folate receptors and their exploitation potential with respect to brain tumours is a new and significant finding in the field.
Published Fewer meals may prevent Type 2 diabetes, obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
When intermittent fasting became all the rage among Hollywood celebrities, skeptics balked at the idea of skipping meals. But new research suggests the celebs might not have been that far off. The review found that a specific type of restricted eating may reduce the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes and improve your overall health. Known as time-restricted eating, this type of fasting means having regular but fewer meals, cutting out late-night snacks and not eating for 12 to 14 hours (often overnight).
Published Video games spark exciting new frontier in neuroscience (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have used an algorithm from a video game to gain insights into the behavior of molecules within live brain cells. Researchers used coding tools to build an algorithm that is now used by several labs to gather rich data about brain cell activity. The algorithm was applied to observe molecules clustering together -- which ones, when, where, for how long and how often.
Published AI helps show how the brain's fluids flow (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new, AI-based technique for measuring fluid flow in the brain could lead to treatments for diseases such as Alzheimer's.