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Categories: Diet and Weight Loss, Infant's Health

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Infant's Health
Published

Significantly fewer births on weekends and holidays than weekdays, data analysis of over 21 million births from 1979-2018 in Japan shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Significantly more babies were born on a weekday instead of weekend day or holiday, reveals a large-scale analysis of 21 million births in Japan over almost four decades.

Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

COVID-19 vaccination and boosting during pregnancy protects infants for six months, study finds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Women who receive an mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination or booster during pregnancy can provide their infants with strong protection against symptomatic COVID-19 infection for at least six months after birth, according to a new study. These findings reinforce the importance of receiving both a COVID-19 vaccine and booster during pregnancy to ensure that infants are born with robust protection that lasts until they are old enough to be vaccinated.

Birth Defects Infant's Health
Published

Why ventilators can be tough on preemie lungs      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

New research finds that premature lungs become stiffer than adult lungs under stress. This disrupts the function of transporters that are important for removing water from the lungs after birth.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Fertility Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Genetic cause of low birth weight among children conceived after fertility treatment      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A medical researcher has identified a genetic cause for the increased risk of low birth weight in babies born following assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF.

Birth Defects Child Development Infant's Health Parenting Psychology Research
Published

Patterns of brain connectivity differ between pre-term and term babies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new scanning study of 390 babies has shown distinct patterns between term and pre-term babies in the moment-to-moment activity and connectivity of brain networks.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition
Published

Physical activity is insufficient to counter cardiovascular risk associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Contrary to popular belief, the benefits of physical activity do not outweigh the risks of cardiovascular disease associated with drinking sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a new study.

Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Preterm births linked to 'hormone disruptor' chemicals may cost united states billions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Daily exposure to chemicals used in the manufacture of plastic food containers and many cosmetics may be tied to nearly 56,600 preterm births in the U.S. in 2018, a new study shows. The resulting medical costs, the authors of the report say, were estimated to reach a minimum of $1.6 billion and as much as $8.1 billion over the lifetime of the children.

Birth Defects Chronic Illness Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Nutrition Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Males born to obese mothers more likely to suffer health issues as adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Males born to obese women are more likely to be overweight at birth and develop metabolic complications in later life, including liver disease and diabetes.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

New weight loss medication may help lower blood pressure in adults with obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Weight loss medication reduced both day and nighttime blood pressure levels, finds new study.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Weight loss surgery most effective for long-term blood pressure control      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Bariatric surgery is more effective in controlling hypertension rates, or high blood pressure, in people with obesity and uncontrolled high blood pressure compared to blood pressure medication alone, according to a new study. People who underwent bariatric surgery had lower BMI and were on fewer medications after five years while maintaining normal blood pressure levels than those who only used antihypertensive medications.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity
Published

Disrupted cellular function behind type 2 diabetes in obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Disrupted function of 'cleaning cells' in the body may help to explain why some people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes, while others do not. A study describes this newly discovered mechanism.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Fitness
Published

Understanding rapid weight loss in older women: Message from the heart      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Unexplained rapid weight loss in older people could be a sign of underlying disease and can be linked with increased risk of falls and fractures, as well as a poorer long-term prognosis.

Infant's Health Mental Health Research Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Potential link between high maternal cortisol, unpredicted birth complications      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A snippet of hair can reveal a pregnant person's stress level and may one day help warn of unexpected birth problems, a study indicates. Researchers measured the stress hormone cortisol in hair samples of 53 women in their third trimester. Of that group, 13 women who had elevated cortisol levels later experienced unpredicted birth complications, such as an early birth or hemorrhaging. While more research is needed with larger groups, this preliminary finding could eventually lead to a non-invasive way to identify those at risk for such complications.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Healthy diet early in life seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Having a high dietary intake of fish and vegetables at 1 year of age, and a low intake of sugar beverages, seems to protect against inflammatory bowel disease. These are the findings of a study with more than 80,000 children.

Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

A tie between the most common obesity surgeries      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The two most common obesity surgeries -- gastric bypass and gastric sleeve -- have few short-term complications and are equivalent in that sense.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

How fasting may protect against inflammation      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists may have discovered a new way in which fasting helps reduce inflammation -- a potentially damaging side-effect of the body's immune system that underlies a number of chronic diseases.

Birth Defects Children's Health Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

Rare disorder causing extra fingers and toes identified      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A rare disorder which causes babies to be born with extra fingers and toes and a range of birth defects has been identified in new research. The disorder, which has not yet been named, is caused by a genetic mutation in a gene called MAX. As well as extra digits -- polydactyly -- it leads to a range of symptoms relating to ongoing brain growth, such as autism. The research marks the first time this genetic link has been identified.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Vegetarian
Published

Switching to vegan or ketogenic diet rapidly impacts immune system      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (also called keto) diet. Scientists closely monitored various biological responses of people sequentially eating vegan and keto diets for two weeks, in random order. They found that the vegan diet prompted responses linked to innate immunity -- the body's non-specific first line of defense against pathogens -- while the keto diet prompted responses associated with adaptive immunity -- pathogen-specific immunity built through exposures in daily life and vaccination. Metabolic changes and shifts in the participants' microbiomes -- communities of bacteria living in the gut -- were also observed.

Birth Defects Gynecology Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Provides new explanation for why placenta may not properly separate at birth, putting mother and newborn at risk      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study may change the way clinicians and scientists understand, diagnose and treat placenta accreta spectrum disorder, a serious condition in which the placenta fails to separate from the uterus at birth, jeopardizing the life and health of both mother and baby.

Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Prenatal air pollution exposure linked to severe newborn respiratory distress      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Prenatal exposure to air pollution increases the risk of severe respiratory distress in newborn babies, according to new research. The risk increases with exposure specifically to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which occur in wildfire and cigarette smoke and vehicle emissions, among other sources.