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Categories: Diet and Weight Loss, Healthy Aging

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Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss
Published

This outdated diabetes drug still has something to offer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the biochemical workings of an old-fashioned diabetes drug, and it's helping them develop new, safer alternatives.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Staying Healthy
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Mixed diets balance nutrition and carbon footprint      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

What we eat can impact our health as well as the environment. Many studies have looked at the impacts of diets in very general terms focused at the level of food groups. A new study explores this issue following a more nuanced dish-level approach. One of the benefits of this kind of study is that people's connections with their diets vary around the world and have strong cultural associations. Knowledge of the impacts of diets using dishes rather than broad food groups can help individuals make informed choices and those in the food industry improve their practices.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition
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Size of salty snack influences eating behavior that determines amount consumed      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The size of an individual snack piece not only influences how fast a person eats it, but also how much of it they eat, according to a new study. With nearly a quarter of daily calorie intake in the United States coming from snacks, these findings may have implications for helping people better understand how eating behavior impacts calorie and sodium intake.

Children's Health Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare Vitamin
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Obese and overweight children at risk of iron deficiency      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and young people who are overweight or obese are at significantly higher risk of iron deficiency, according to a study by nutritional scientists.

Birth Defects Healthy Aging
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Impact of aldehydes on DNA damage and aging      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered the connection between aldehydes, organic compounds produced by cells as part of metabolic processes, and rapid aging. Their findings indicate a potential treatment for diseases that lead to accelerated aging as well as a means to counteract aging in healthy people by controlling exposure to aldehyde-inducing substances including alcohol, pollution, and smoke.

Chronic Illness Healthy Aging
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Scientists identify pro-aging 'sugar signature' in the blood of people living with HIV      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists have identified sugar abnormalities in the blood that may promote biological aging and inflammation in people living with HIV.

Healthy Aging Psychology Research
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Tiny brain bubbles carry complete codes      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Scientists discovered that the biological instructions within these vesicles differed significantly in postmortem brain samples donated from patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease.

Healthy Aging Pregnancy and Childbirth Today's Healthcare
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Pregnancy accelerates biological aging in a healthy, young adult population      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Pregnancy may carry a cost, reports a new study. The research shows that women who reported having been pregnant looked biologically older than women who had never been pregnant, and women who had been pregnant more often looked biologically older than those who reported fewer pregnancies.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Healthy Aging Parenting
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Disparities in sleep health and insomnia may begin at a young age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children and teens from racial and ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by persistent insomnia symptoms that begin in childhood and continue through young adulthood, according to a new study. This study is one of the first to look at how childhood insomnia symptoms evolve over the long-term and investigate how the trajectory of insomnia differs between racial and ethnic groups.

Healthy Aging
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RNA that doesn't age      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Certain RNA molecules in the nerve cells in the brain last a life time without being renewed. Neuroscientists have now demonstrated that this. RNAs are generally short-lived molecules that are constantly reconstructed to adjust to environmental conditions. The research group hopes to decipher the complex aging process of the brain and gain a better understanding of related degenerative diseases.

Healthy Aging
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Functional capacity in old age is like an ecosystem that may collapse when disrupted      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In old age, a tighter interlinkage between different domains of functional capacity may indicate a loss of system resilience. When functional capacity domains are tightly interconnected, a disruption in one domain can affect others and lead to a collapse in functioning. It is therefore important to look at functioning as a whole and to take care of the different aspects of physical and mental well-being.

Healthy Aging
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Nerve cells not entirely 'young at heart'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Most human nerve cells last a lifetime without renewal. A trait echoed within the cells' components, some enduring as long as the organism itself.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Obesity Today's Healthcare
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Few newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics succeed in losing weight -- weight gain linked to much higher risk of complications      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A register-based study identified three distinct BMI trajectory groups among patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. In a four-year follow-up, most patients followed a stable trajectory without much weight change. Only 10% of patients lost weight, whereas 3% gained weight. Mean BMI exceeded the threshold of obesity in all groups at baseline. Weight loss is a central treatment goal in type 2 diabetes, but the study shows that few patients succeed in it.

Depression Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Mental Health Research Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research Staying Healthy
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Feeding the lonely brain      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new study has found that women who perceive themselves to be lonely exhibited activity in regions of the brain associated with cravings and motivation towards eating especially when shown pictures of high calorie foods such as sugary foods.

Diet and Weight Loss Dietary Supplements and Minerals Dieting and Weight Control Healthy Aging Nutrition Today's Healthcare
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Blended antioxidant supplement improves cognition and memory in aged mice      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Cell damage from oxidative stress is a major underlying cause of age-related cognitive and muscle strength decline. Antioxidants can reduce oxidative stress and prevent age-related health decline. A new study has found that mice administered with a blended antioxidant supplement show significant improvements in spatial cognition, short-term memory, and mitigated age-related muscle decline. The study suggests that blended antioxidant supplements hold promise as a dietary intervention for health issues associated with aging.

Breastfeeding Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health
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Infant gut microbes have their own circadian rhythm, and diet has little impact on how the microbiome assembles      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infant gut microbiomes oscillate with a circadian rhythm, even when they are cultivated outside of the body. Researchers report that the rhythm is detectable as early as 2 weeks after birth but becomes more pronounced with age. The finding comes from a randomized controlled trial that also showed that diet has less impact on the development and composition of the infant microbiome than previously thought.

Healthy Aging
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App may pave way to treatments for no. 1 dementia in under-60s      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A smartphone app could enable greater participation in clinical trials for people with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a devastating neurological disorder that often manifests in midlife.

Diet and Weight Loss Infant's Health Obesity Pregnancy and Childbirth
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Women with obesity do not need to gain weight during pregnancy, new study suggests      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy in obese women have long been questioned. New research supports the idea of lowering or removing the current recommendation of a weight gain of at least 5 kg.

Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
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Do sweeteners increase your appetite? New evidence from randomised controlled trial says no      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Replacing sugar with artificial and natural sweeteners in foods does not make people hungrier -- and also helps to reduce blood sugar levels, a significant new study has found. The double blind randomized controlled trial found that consuming food containing sweeteners produced a similar reduction in appetite sensations and appetite-related hormone responses as sugary foods -- and provides some benefits such as lowering blood sugar, which may be particularly important in people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The use of sweeteners in place of sugar in foods can be controversial due to conflicting reports about their potential to increase appetite. Previous studies have been carried out but did not provide robust evidence. However, the researchers say their study, which meets the gold standard level of proof in scientific investigation, provides very strong evidence that sweeteners and sweetness enhancers do not negatively impact appetite and are beneficial for reducing sugar intake.