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Categories: Infant's Health, Obesity

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Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

'Trojan horse' weight loss drug more effective than available therapies      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A groundbreaking article describes a promising new therapy for obesity that leads to greater weight loss in mice than existing medications. The approach smuggles molecules into the brain's appetite center and affects the brain's neuroplasticity.

Obesity
Published

Two decades of studies suggest health benefits associated with plant-based diets      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Vegetarian and vegan diets are generally associated with better status on various medical factors linked to cardiovascular health and cancer risk, as well as lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and death, according to a new review of 49 previously published papers.

Obesity
Published

Racial disparities in childhood obesity on the rise      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Among public school students in New York City, some of the greatest increases in childhood obesity in recent years were among those socioeconomic and demographic groups already bearing the greatest burden of obesity, including Black and Hispanic students and youth living in poverty, according to a new study.

Chronic Illness Obesity
Published

Fighting fat and inflammation: Scientists develop powerful new compounds      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Obesity and inflammatory diseases are increasing in prevalence and contribute to the growing burden of lifestyle disorders such as diabetes and hypertension. There is a lack of naturally derived alternatives to tackle these issues. Researchers have synthesized novel amino acid derivatives of menthol and studied its properties. The menthyl esters showed exceptional anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity activities during preclinical studies and can be developed as therapeutic compounds with further research.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure. Researchers say it is vital that children born by caesarean section receive two doses of the measles vaccine for robust protection against the disease.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health
Published

Metabolism of autism reveals developmental origins      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have shed new light on the changes in metabolism that occur between birth and the presentation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) later in childhood. The researchers discovered that a small number of biochemical pathways are responsible for the majority of these changes, which could help inform new early detection and prevention strategies for autism.

Child Development Infant's Health Parenting
Published

THC lingers in breastmilk with no clear peak point      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When breastfeeding mothers in a recent study used cannabis, its psychoactive component THC showed up in the milk they produced. The research also found that, unlike alcohol, when THC was detected in milk there was no consistent time when its concentration peaked and started to decline. Importantly, the researchers discovered that the amount of THC they detected in milk was low -- they estimated that infants received an average of 0.07 mg of THC per day. For comparison, a common low-dose edible contains 2 mg of THC. The research team stressed that it is unknown whether this amount has any impact on the infant.

Chronic Illness Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity Today's Healthcare
Published

Intermittent fasting protects against liver inflammation and liver cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Fatty liver disease often leads to chronic liver inflammation and can even result in liver cancer. Scientists have now shown in mice that intermittent fasting on a 5:2 schedule can halt this development. The fasting regime reduces the development of liver cancer in mice with pre-existing liver inflammation. The researchers identified two proteins in liver cells that are jointly responsible for the protective effect of fasting. An approved drug can partially mimic this effect.

Breastfeeding Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

A new mother's immune status varies with her feeding strategy      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

In one of the first studies of its kind, UC Santa Barbara researchers have found that the immune status of postpartum mothers shifts with how she feeds her baby. Certain inflammatory proteins -- substances that are secreted as part of an immune response -- peak at different times of day, correlating with whether the mothers breastfeed, pump or formula-feed their babies.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

Genetics, not lack of oxygen, causes cerebral palsy in quarter of cases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The world's largest study of cerebral palsy (CP) genetics has discovered genetic defects are most likely responsible for more than a quarter of cases in Chinese children, rather than a lack of oxygen at birth as previously thought.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Personalized screening early in pregnancy may improve preeclampsia detection      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Study suggests more extensive screening method in the first trimester of pregnancy may improve detection of preeclampsia.

Fitness Obesity
Published

When working out, males are programmed to burn more fat, while females recycle it--at least in rats      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Vigorous exercise burns fat more in males than in females, but the benefits of exercise are broad for everyone.

Diet and Weight Loss Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Time-restricted eating and high-intensity exercise might work together to improve health      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Combining time-restricted eating with high-intensity functional training may improve body composition and cardiometabolic parameters more than either alone, according to new research.

Children's Health Diabetes Nutrition Obesity Psychology Research
Published

Researchers identify causal genetic variant linked to common childhood obesity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a causal genetic variant strongly associated with childhood obesity. The study provides new insight into the importance of the hypothalamus of the brain and its role in common childhood obesity and the target gene may serve as a druggable target for future therapeutic interventions.

Infant's Health
Published

AI algorithms can determine how well newborns nurse, study shows      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A modified pacifier and AI algorithms to analyze the data it produces could determine if newborns are learning the proper mechanics of nursing, a recent study shows. Specifically, the researchers measured if babies are generating enough suckling strength to breastfeed and whether they are suckling in a regular pattern based on eight independent parameters.

Diet and Weight Loss Dieting and Weight Control Fitness Nutrition Obesity
Published

Breakthrough in brown fat research: Researchers have found brown fat's 'off-switch'      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have found a protein that is responsible for turning off brown fat activity. This new discovery could lead to a promising strategy for safely activating brown fat and tackling obesity and related health problems.

Diet and Weight Loss Nutrition Obesity
Published

Component of keto diet plus immunotherapy may reduce prostate cancer      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adding a pre-ketone supplement -- a component of a high-fat, low-carb ketogenic diet -- to a type of cancer therapy in a laboratory setting was highly effective for treating prostate cancer, researchers found.

Infant's Health Today's Healthcare
Published

New tool helps identify babies at high-risk for RSV      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new tool to identify infants most at risk for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) illness could aid pediatricians in prioritizing children under 1 to receive a preventive medication before RSV season (October-April), according to new research.

Children's Health Infant's Health Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Dengue fever infections have negative impacts on infant health for three years      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Dengue infections in pregnant women may have a negative impact on the first years of children's lives, new research has found.

Chronic Illness Diabetes Infant's Health
Published

Follow-up 50 years on finds landmark steroid study remains safe      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A follow-up analysis 50 years later finds no adverse heart health risk from Professor Mont Liggins' landmark steroid study to reduce illness and death for pre-term babies.