Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Poverty negatively impacts structural wiring in children's brains, study indicates (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study reveals that household and community poverty may influence brain health in children. Childhood obesity and lower cognitive function may explain, at least partially, poverty's influence on the brain.
Published Human embryo-like models created from stem cells to understand earliest stages of human development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have created a stem cell-derived model of the human embryo in the lab by reprogramming human stem cells. The breakthrough could help research into genetic disorders and in understanding why and how pregnancies fail.
Published RSV is a serious heath threat, but the public knows little about it (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new survey finds that the American public is ill-informed about RSV, unfamiliar with its most common symptoms, and more hesitant to recommend a vaccine against it to pregnant people than to older adults.
Published What role does alternative splicing play in neurodegenerative disease? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have written a review to discuss emerging research and evidence of the roles of alternative splicing defects in major neurodegenerative diseases. They also summarize the latest advances in RNA-based therapeutic strategies to target these disorders.
Published Dads are key in supporting breastfeeding, safe infant sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fathers can make a huge difference in whether an infant is breastfed and placed to sleep safely, according to a recent survey of new fathers.
Published Machine-learning method used for self-driving cars could improve lives of type-1 diabetes patients (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The same type of machine learning methods used to pilot self-driving cars and beat top chess players could help type-1 diabetes sufferers keep their blood glucose levels in a safe range.
Published Mouse models of adolescent binge drinking reveal key long-lasting brain changes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Heavy alcohol consumption may cause permanent dysregulation of neurons, or brain cells, in adolescents, according to a new study in mice. The findings suggest that exposure to binge-levels of alcohol during adolescence, when the brain is still developing, lead to long-lasting changes in the brain's ability to signal and communicate -- potentially setting the stage for long-term behavioral changes and hinting towards the mechanisms of alcohol-induced cognitive changes in humans.
Published Exposure to 'forever chemicals' during pregnancy linked to increased risk of obesity in kids (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) during pregnancy was linked to slightly higher body mass indices and an increased risk of obesity in children, according to a new study.
Published Poorly insulated nerve cells promote Alzheimer's disease in old age (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have shown that defective myelin actively promotes disease-related changes in Alzheimer's disease.
Published Open-analysis platform for pediatric brain tumors provides robust data resource for childhood cancer research (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have partnered to create a first-of-its-kind open-source, reproducible analysis platform for pediatric brain tumors. With the help of thousands of genomically sequenced samples, researchers have used this platform to identify initial findings about genetic variants associated with poorer outcomes that could help guide future diagnostic and therapeutic advances.
Published Scientists unveil RNA-guided mechanisms driving cell fate (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The early stages of embryonic development contain many of life's mysteries. Unlocking these mysteries can help us better understand early development and birth defects, and help develop new regenerative medicine treatments. Researchers have now characterized a critical time in mammalian embryonic development using powerful and innovative imaging techniques.
Published Humans are unique but not exceptional species of mammal (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Humans appear to resemble mammals that live in monogamous partnerships and to some extent, those classified as cooperative breeders, where breeding individuals have to rely on the help of others to raise their offspring.
Published Skin patch shows promise for toddlers with peanut allergy (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A global phase 3 clinical trial found that a year-long immunotherapy through a skin patch safely desensitized toddlers with peanut allergy, lowering the risk of a severe allergic reaction from accidental exposure.
Published Understanding the speed of brain communication (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Called the human connectome, this structural system of neural pathways develops as people age. A new study shows transmission speed among brain regions increases into early adulthood. Learning more about neuron transmission may improve the understanding of psychological disorders.
Published A special omega-3 fatty acid lipid will change how we look at the developing and aging brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have found a lipid transporter crucial to regulating the cells that make myelin, the nerve-protecting sheath.
Published Elevated levels of toxic metals in some mixed-fruit juices and soft drinks (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study that analyzed 60 commonly available beverages found mixed-fruit juices and plant-based milks such as oat and almond were most likely to contain levels of toxic metals above federal drinking water standards.
Published Gene responsible for severe facial defects identified (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Goldenhar syndrome is a rare congenital disease, affecting early fetal development. This syndrome includes malformations of varying severity, affecting different parts of the face. Its causes and modes of transmission are still poorly understood. An international collaboration has discovered that pathogenic variants of the FOXI3 gene -- responsible for the development of the ear -- cause one form of this developmental disorder. The scientists were also able to identify the modes of transmission of the disease when this particular gene is involved.
Published Problems with 'pruning' brain connections linked to adolescent mental health disorders (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Problems with the brain's ability to 'prune' itself of unnecessary connections may underlie a wide range of mental health disorders that begin during adolescence, according to research published today. The findings may help explain why people are often affected by more than one mental health disorder, and may in future help identify those at greatest risk.
Published Arterial stiffness may cause metabolic syndrome in adolescents via an increase in fasting insulin and LDL cholesterol (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Arterial stiffness may be a novel risk factor for metabolic syndrome in teens.
Published How alcohol consumption contributes to chronic pain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team showed how both alcohol intake and alcohol withdrawal can lead to increased pain and hypersensitivity.