Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Poverty negatively impacts structural wiring in children's brains, study indicates (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study reveals that household and community poverty may influence brain health in children. Childhood obesity and lower cognitive function may explain, at least partially, poverty's influence on the brain.
Published Lean body mass, age linked with alcohol elimination rates in women (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research links women's lean body mass with how quickly they eliminate alcohol from their system. Women with obesity and those who are older eliminate alcohol from their bloodstreams faster than those of normal weight and those who are younger.
Published RSV is a serious heath threat, but the public knows little about it (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new survey finds that the American public is ill-informed about RSV, unfamiliar with its most common symptoms, and more hesitant to recommend a vaccine against it to pregnant people than to older adults.
Published Ketone supplements worsen performance in trained endurance athletes, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Kinesiologists at McMaster University have found ketone supplements, used by some athletes hoping to cross the finish line faster, may in fact worsen performance. The new study tackles contradictory research findings related to the effectiveness of ketone supplements, which have gained popularity among athletes seeking a competitive advantage.
Published Dads are key in supporting breastfeeding, safe infant sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fathers can make a huge difference in whether an infant is breastfed and placed to sleep safely, according to a recent survey of new fathers.
Published New study gives clues on why exercise helps with inflammation (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have long known that moderate exercise has a beneficial impact on the body's response to inflammation, but what's been less understood is why. New research done on a mouse model suggests that the answers may lie at the production level of macrophages -- white blood cells responsible for killing off infections, healing injury and otherwise acting as first responders in the body.
Published Machine-learning method used for self-driving cars could improve lives of type-1 diabetes patients (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The same type of machine learning methods used to pilot self-driving cars and beat top chess players could help type-1 diabetes sufferers keep their blood glucose levels in a safe range.
Published Mouse models of adolescent binge drinking reveal key long-lasting brain changes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Heavy alcohol consumption may cause permanent dysregulation of neurons, or brain cells, in adolescents, according to a new study in mice. The findings suggest that exposure to binge-levels of alcohol during adolescence, when the brain is still developing, lead to long-lasting changes in the brain's ability to signal and communicate -- potentially setting the stage for long-term behavioral changes and hinting towards the mechanisms of alcohol-induced cognitive changes in humans.
Published Taurine may be a key to longer and healthier life (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A study finds that deficiency of taurine, a molecule produced in our bodies, drives aging, and taurine supplements can improve health and increase lifespan in animals.
Published Exposure to 'forever chemicals' during pregnancy linked to increased risk of obesity in kids (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) during pregnancy was linked to slightly higher body mass indices and an increased risk of obesity in children, according to a new study.
Published Open-analysis platform for pediatric brain tumors provides robust data resource for childhood cancer research (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have partnered to create a first-of-its-kind open-source, reproducible analysis platform for pediatric brain tumors. With the help of thousands of genomically sequenced samples, researchers have used this platform to identify initial findings about genetic variants associated with poorer outcomes that could help guide future diagnostic and therapeutic advances.
Published The fast and the fibrous: Developing the muscles you need for speed (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have identified the role of the large Maf transcription factor family in regulating fast twitch muscle fibers. A mouse model lacking Maf expression in the skeletal muscles exhibited a significant loss of type IIb myofibers, a subtype of fast twitch fibers. Overexpression of large Mafs promoted type IIb muscle fiber induction. The large Maf family may represent potential targets for developing treatments for muscular disorders involving fast twitch fibers.
Published Running throughout middle age keeps 'old' adult-born neurons 'wired' (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study provides novel insight into the benefits of exercise, which should motivate adults to keep moving throughout their lifetime, especially during middle age. Long-term exercise profoundly benefits the aging brain and may prevent aging-related memory function decline by increasing the survival and modifying the network of the adult-born neurons born during early adulthood, and thereby facilitating their participation in cognitive processes.
Published Study finds brain connectivity, memory improves in older adults after walking (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Regular walks strengthen connections in and between brain networks, according to new research, adding to growing evidence linking exercise with slowing the onset of Alzheimer's disease. The study examined the brains and story recollection abilities of older adults with normal brain function and those diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment, which is a slight decline in mental abilities like memory, reasoning and judgment and a risk factor for Alzheimer's.
Published Humans are unique but not exceptional species of mammal (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Humans appear to resemble mammals that live in monogamous partnerships and to some extent, those classified as cooperative breeders, where breeding individuals have to rely on the help of others to raise their offspring.
Published Skin patch shows promise for toddlers with peanut allergy (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A global phase 3 clinical trial found that a year-long immunotherapy through a skin patch safely desensitized toddlers with peanut allergy, lowering the risk of a severe allergic reaction from accidental exposure.
Published Ready, set, go: New study shows how marathon running affects different foot muscles (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Marathon running is a popular sport. However, long-distance running can weaken and damage foot muscles, leading to chronic pain and running-related injuries. A new study reveals that marathon running can reduce foot arch height, as well as induce damage to extrinsic foot muscles, which connect the lower leg and foot.
Published Researchers pinpoint brain cells that drive appetite in obesity (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A group of brain cells discovered by researchers reveals a potential new approach to anti-obesity treatment.
Published Understanding the speed of brain communication (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Called the human connectome, this structural system of neural pathways develops as people age. A new study shows transmission speed among brain regions increases into early adulthood. Learning more about neuron transmission may improve the understanding of psychological disorders.
Published Physical activity crucial for poststroke recovery (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
After a stroke, physical activity can be pivotal to successful recovery. People who spend four hours a week exercising after their stroke achieve better functional recovery within six months than those who do not, a new study shows.