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Categories: Child Development, Fertility

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Child Development
Published

Large language models can't effectively recognize users' motivation, but can support behavior change for those ready to act      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Large language model-based chatbots can't effectively recognize users' motivation when they are hesitant about making healthy behavior changes, but they can support those who are committed to take action, say researchers.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Singing repairs the language network of the brain after a cerebrovascular accident      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Singing rehabilitates speech production in post-stroke aphasia. Researchers investigated the rehabilitative effect of singing on the brain.

Fertility Today's Healthcare
Published

Infertility treatment doubles the risk of postpartum heart disease      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers tie infertility treatment to a particular risk for hypertensive diseases.

Child Development
Published

People without an inner voice have poorer verbal memory      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The vast majority of people have an ongoing conversation with themselves, an inner voice, that plays an important role in their daily lives. But between 5-10 per cent of the population do not have the same experience of an inner voice, and they find it more difficult to perform certain verbal memory tasks, new research shows.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health
Published

Metabolism of autism reveals developmental origins      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have shed new light on the changes in metabolism that occur between birth and the presentation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) later in childhood. The researchers discovered that a small number of biochemical pathways are responsible for the majority of these changes, which could help inform new early detection and prevention strategies for autism.

Birth Defects Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Brain mechanisms underlying sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorder      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A research team has identified the primary cause of sensory hypersensitivity in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Teens who view their homes as more chaotic than their siblings have poorer mental health in adulthood      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Adolescents who view their households as more unstructured, disorganized, or hectic than their siblings develop more mental health and behavioral problems in early adulthood, according to new research.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Parenting
Published

Children sleep problems associated with psychosis in young adults      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Children who experience chronic lack of sleep from infancy may be at increased risk of developing psychosis in early adulthood, new research shows.

Child Development Children's Health
Published

More than 321,000 U.S. children lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

An estimated 321,566 children in the United States lost a parent to drug overdose from 2011 to 2021, according to a new study. The rate of children who experienced this loss more than doubled during this period, from approximately 27 to 63 children per 100,000. The highest number of affected children were those with non-Hispanic white parents, but communities of color and tribal communities were disproportionately affected.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Depression Mental Health Research Psychology Research
Published

Childhood maltreatment responsible for up to 40 percent of mental health conditions      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study has found the widespread impact of child abuse and neglect, with analysis suggesting they cause nearly half of common mental conditions. Researchers say childhood maltreatment should be treated as a public health priority.

Child Development Depression Parenting
Published

Pressure to be 'perfect' causing burnout for parents, mental health concerns for their children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Is the status of 'perfect parent' attainable? Researchers leading a national dialogue about parental burnout say 'no,' and a new study finds that pressure to try to be 'perfect' leads to unhealthy impacts on both parents and their children.

Child Development Infant's Health Parenting
Published

THC lingers in breastmilk with no clear peak point      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

When breastfeeding mothers in a recent study used cannabis, its psychoactive component THC showed up in the milk they produced. The research also found that, unlike alcohol, when THC was detected in milk there was no consistent time when its concentration peaked and started to decline. Importantly, the researchers discovered that the amount of THC they detected in milk was low -- they estimated that infants received an average of 0.07 mg of THC per day. For comparison, a common low-dose edible contains 2 mg of THC. The research team stressed that it is unknown whether this amount has any impact on the infant.

Birth Defects Child Development Children's Health Infant's Health Psychology Research
Published

Genetics, not lack of oxygen, causes cerebral palsy in quarter of cases      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

The world's largest study of cerebral palsy (CP) genetics has discovered genetic defects are most likely responsible for more than a quarter of cases in Chinese children, rather than a lack of oxygen at birth as previously thought.

Child Development Psychology Research
Published

Why getting in touch with our 'gerbil brain' could help machines listen better      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have debunked a 75-year-old theory about how humans determine where sounds are coming from, and it could unlock the secret to creating a next generation of more adaptable and efficient hearing devices ranging from hearing aids to smartphones.

Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Published

Discovery of an atypical heat shock factor, HSF5, involved in meiotic mechanisms: Implications for male infertility      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have identified a novel Heat Shock Factor (HSF), designated as HSF5, which plays a crucial role in the completion of meiosis and the activation of genes essential for sperm formation. This discovery provides valuable insights into underlying causes of spermatogenic failure, the major contributor to male infertility. Furthermore, unlike other typical Heat Shock Factors, which primarily regulate gene expression in response to stress, such as heat shock, HSF5 plays a specific role in male germ production during meiosis under non-stress conditions.

Child Development
Published

Intervention based on science of reading, math boosts comprehension, word problem-solving skills      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers tested a research-based intervention with English learners with math difficulty. The intervention proved to boost comprehension and help students synthesize and visualize information, which improved the students' math world problem-solving skills.

Birth Defects Child Development Pregnancy and Childbirth Psychology Research
Published

Pregnancy cytokine levels impact fetal brain development and offspring behavior      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Researchers have discovered in a preclinical model that cytokines, proteins that control immune response, circulating in maternal blood during pregnancy may mitigate an offspring's risk for psychiatric conditions. The findings are surprising because circulating maternal cytokines are at such low levels that they were not implicated in fetal brain development and offspring behavior before.

Child Development
Published

Maternal grandmothers' support buffers children against the impacts of adversity      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A study shows that investment by maternal grandmothers can improve the well-being of grandchildren who have faced adversities in life. The positive effects can last well into adulthood.

Child Development Infant and Preschool Learning Parenting
Published

Survey finds loneliness epidemic runs deep among parents      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

A new national survey finds a broad majority of parents experience isolation, loneliness and burnout from the demands of parenthood, with many feeling a lack of support in fulfilling that role.

Child Development Children's Health Chronic Illness Infant's Health Parenting
Published

Study finds COVID-19 pandemic led to some, but not many, developmental milestone delays in infants and young children      (via sciencedaily.com)     Original source 

Infants and children 5 years old and younger experienced only 'modest' delays in developmental milestones due to the COVID-19 pandemic disruptions and restrictions, a study finds.