Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Stronger thigh muscles may prevent knee replacement surgery (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Stronger quadriceps muscles, relative to the hamstrings, may lower the risk of total knee replacement, according to new research. Researchers said the findings could inform strength-training programs for people with advanced arthritis in the knee.
Published New framework for using AI in health care considers medical knowledge, practices, procedures, values (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Health care organizations are looking to artificial intelligence (AI) tools to improve patient care, but their translation into clinical settings has been inconsistent, in part because evaluating AI in health care remains challenging. In a new article, researchers propose a framework for using AI that includes practical guidance for applying values and that incorporates not just the tool's properties but the systems surrounding its use.
Published Child care centers aren't a likely source of COVID-19 spread, study says (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Parents who send their children to child care can breathe a little easier. New research shows that children in daycare were not significant spreaders of COVID-19.
Published Testosterone hormone therapy for transmasculine individuals is safer than previously thought, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A common concern about gender-affirming hormone therapy for transmasculine people is the risk of red blood cell volume changes and erythrocytosis, a high concentration of red blood cells, with the use of prescribed testosterone. However, researchers have found that testosterone treatment may be safer than previously reported.
Published AI may spare breast cancer patients unnecessary treatments (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new AI (Artificial Intelligence) tool may make it possible to spare breast cancer patients unnecessary chemotherapy treatments by using a more precise method of predicting their outcomes, reports a new study. AI evaluations of patient tissues were better at predicting the future course of a patient's disease than evaluations performed by expert pathologists.
Published Early-stage stem cell therapy trial shows promise for treating progressive MS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An international team has shown that the injection of a type of stem cell into the brains of patients living with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) is safe, well tolerated and has a long-lasting effect that appears to protect the brain from further damage.
Published Genes influence whether infants prefer to look at faces or non-social objects (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Whether infants at five months of age look mostly at faces or non-social objects such as cars or mobile phones is largely determined by genes. The findings suggest that there is a biological basis for how infants create their unique visual experiences and which things they learn most about.
Published Extra practice blending letter sounds helps struggling readers (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has shown that extra practice in blending printed letter sounds can help struggling beginner readers (age 4-5) learn to read.
Published Stem cell-based treatment controls blood sugar in people with Type 1 diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An innovative stem cell-based treatment for Type 1 diabetes can meaningfully regulate blood glucose levels and reduce dependence on daily insulin injections, according to new clinical trial results. The therapy aims to replace the insulin-producing beta cells that people with Type 1 diabetes lack. Dubbed VC-02, the small medical implant contains millions of lab-grown pancreatic islet cells, including beta cells, that originate from a line of pluripotent stem cells.
Published Researchers develop new method for prenatal genetic testing (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have developed a non-invasive genetic test that can screen the blood of pregnant individuals to survey all genes from the fetal genome.
Published Drones enabled the use of defibrillators before ambulance arrival (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have evaluated the possibility of alerting drones equipped with automated external defibrillators (AED) to patients with suspected cardiac arrest. In more than half of the cases, the drones were ahead of the ambulance by an average of three minutes. In cases where the patient was in cardiac arrest, the drone-delivered defibrillator was used in a majority of cases.
Published New study on experience of adopted people as they become parents (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new piece of research looks at the challenges faced by adopted people when they become parents. The study investigated the lived experiences of adopted people in the UK as they become parents. Until now research in this area has been very limited and hasn't tended to included the experiences of adopted men as fathers.
Published A new diagnostic tool to identify and treat pathological social withdrawal, Hikikomori (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Hikikomori is a pathology characterized by social withdrawal for a period exceeding six months. While first defined in Japan, the pathology is growing globally. To help better assess individuals for Hikikomori, researchers developed the the Hikikomori Diagnostic Evaluation, or HiDE, a diagnostic tool to be a guide on collecting information on the growing pathology.
Published Chlorine disinfectant is no more effective than water at killing off hospital superbug (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research has shown spores of Clostridioides difficile, commonly known as C. diff, are completely unaffected despite being treated with high concentrations of bleach used in many hospitals. The study's authors say susceptible people working and being treated in clinical settings might be unknowingly placed at risk of contracting the superbug.
Published Medical AI tool gets human thumbs-up (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new artificial intelligence computer program can generate doctors' notes so well that two physicians couldn't tell the difference, according to an early study from both groups.
Published Our brains are not able to 'rewire' themselves, despite what most scientists believe, new study argues (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Contrary to the commonly-held view, the brain does not have the ability to rewire itself to compensate for the loss of sight, an amputation or stroke, for example, say scientists. The researchers argue that the notion that the brain, in response to injury or deficit, can reorganize itself and repurpose particular regions for new functions, is fundamentally flawed -- despite being commonly cited in scientific textbooks. Instead, they argue that what is occurring is merely the brain being trained to utilize already existing, but latent, abilities.
Published Babies as young as four months show signs of self-awareness (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Babies as young as four months old can make sense of how their bodies interact with the space around them, according to new research.
Published Certain skin bacteria can inhibit growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found a bacteriocin that can help inhibit the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Published Hearing loss is associated with subtle changes in the brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A team of researchers employed hearing tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine whether hearing impairment is associated with differences in specific brain regions and affects dementia risk.
Published The bilingual brain may be better at ignoring irrelevant information (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Results showed that bilinguals seem to be more efficient at ignoring information that's irrelevant, rather than suppressing -- or inhibiting information.