Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published Stronger thigh muscles may prevent knee replacement surgery (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Stronger quadriceps muscles, relative to the hamstrings, may lower the risk of total knee replacement, according to new research. Researchers said the findings could inform strength-training programs for people with advanced arthritis in the knee.
Published New framework for using AI in health care considers medical knowledge, practices, procedures, values (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Health care organizations are looking to artificial intelligence (AI) tools to improve patient care, but their translation into clinical settings has been inconsistent, in part because evaluating AI in health care remains challenging. In a new article, researchers propose a framework for using AI that includes practical guidance for applying values and that incorporates not just the tool's properties but the systems surrounding its use.
Published Child care centers aren't a likely source of COVID-19 spread, study says (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Parents who send their children to child care can breathe a little easier. New research shows that children in daycare were not significant spreaders of COVID-19.
Published Testosterone hormone therapy for transmasculine individuals is safer than previously thought, researchers find (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A common concern about gender-affirming hormone therapy for transmasculine people is the risk of red blood cell volume changes and erythrocytosis, a high concentration of red blood cells, with the use of prescribed testosterone. However, researchers have found that testosterone treatment may be safer than previously reported.
Published AI may spare breast cancer patients unnecessary treatments (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new AI (Artificial Intelligence) tool may make it possible to spare breast cancer patients unnecessary chemotherapy treatments by using a more precise method of predicting their outcomes, reports a new study. AI evaluations of patient tissues were better at predicting the future course of a patient's disease than evaluations performed by expert pathologists.
Published Early-stage stem cell therapy trial shows promise for treating progressive MS (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An international team has shown that the injection of a type of stem cell into the brains of patients living with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) is safe, well tolerated and has a long-lasting effect that appears to protect the brain from further damage.
Published Stem cell-based treatment controls blood sugar in people with Type 1 diabetes (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
An innovative stem cell-based treatment for Type 1 diabetes can meaningfully regulate blood glucose levels and reduce dependence on daily insulin injections, according to new clinical trial results. The therapy aims to replace the insulin-producing beta cells that people with Type 1 diabetes lack. Dubbed VC-02, the small medical implant contains millions of lab-grown pancreatic islet cells, including beta cells, that originate from a line of pluripotent stem cells.
Published Researchers develop new method for prenatal genetic testing (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have developed a non-invasive genetic test that can screen the blood of pregnant individuals to survey all genes from the fetal genome.
Published Drones enabled the use of defibrillators before ambulance arrival (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have evaluated the possibility of alerting drones equipped with automated external defibrillators (AED) to patients with suspected cardiac arrest. In more than half of the cases, the drones were ahead of the ambulance by an average of three minutes. In cases where the patient was in cardiac arrest, the drone-delivered defibrillator was used in a majority of cases.
Published A new diagnostic tool to identify and treat pathological social withdrawal, Hikikomori (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Hikikomori is a pathology characterized by social withdrawal for a period exceeding six months. While first defined in Japan, the pathology is growing globally. To help better assess individuals for Hikikomori, researchers developed the the Hikikomori Diagnostic Evaluation, or HiDE, a diagnostic tool to be a guide on collecting information on the growing pathology.
Published Chlorine disinfectant is no more effective than water at killing off hospital superbug (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Research has shown spores of Clostridioides difficile, commonly known as C. diff, are completely unaffected despite being treated with high concentrations of bleach used in many hospitals. The study's authors say susceptible people working and being treated in clinical settings might be unknowingly placed at risk of contracting the superbug.
Published Medical AI tool gets human thumbs-up (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new artificial intelligence computer program can generate doctors' notes so well that two physicians couldn't tell the difference, according to an early study from both groups.
Published Certain skin bacteria can inhibit growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers have found a bacteriocin that can help inhibit the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Published Study reveals bias in AI tools when diagnosing women's health issue (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
While artificial intelligence tools offer great potential for improving health care delivery, practitioners and scientists warn of their risk for perpetuating racial inequities. A new study evaluates fairness among these tools in connection to a women's health issue.
Published Personalized cancer medicine: Humans make better treatment decisions than AI (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Treating cancer is becoming increasingly complex, but also offers more and more possibilities. After all, the better a tumor's biology and genetic features are understood, the more treatment approaches there are. To be able to offer patients personalized therapies tailored to their disease, laborious and time-consuming analysis and interpretation of various data is required. Researchers have now studied whether generative artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as ChatGPT can help with this step.
Published 1060 million people with 'other' musculoskeletal disorders by 2050 (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A category of musculoskeletal disorders of our joints, muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons and spine are on the rise and a new forecast is as many as 1060 million people -- up from 464 million -- will be living with related disabilities by 2050, placing even greater pressure on stretched healthcare systems.
Published Gold now has a golden future in revolutionizing wearable devices (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have pioneered a novel approach to develop intelligent healthcare sensors using various gold nanowires.
Published Proof of concept of new material for long lasting relief from dry mouth conditions (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A novel aqueous lubricant technology designed to help people who suffer from a dry mouth is between four and five times more effective than existing commercially available products, according to laboratory tests. The saliva substitute is described as comparable to natural saliva in the way it hydrates the mouth and acts as a lubricant when food is chewed.
Published More needs to be done to prevent dependence on pain medication (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Dependence on pain medication is on the rise due to lack of vigilance by medical professionals, according to a new study. Patients dependent on pain medication describe feelings of 'living in a haze' and being ignored and misunderstood by the medical profession.
Published Infection-resistant, 3D-printed metals developed for implants (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A novel surgical implant was able to kill 87% of the bacteria that cause staph infections in laboratory tests, while remaining strong and compatible with surrounding tissue like current implants. The work could someday lead to better infection control in many common surgeries, such as hip and knee replacements, that are performed daily around the world. Bacterial colonization of the implants is one of the leading causes of their failure and bad outcomes after surgery. Using 3D-printing technology, the researchers added 10% tantalum, a corrosion-resistant metal, and 3% copper to the titanium alloy typically used in implants. When bacteria come into contact with the material's copper surface, almost all of their cell walls rupture. Meanwhile, the tantalum encourages healthy cell growth with surrounding bone and tissue leading to expedited healing for the patient.