Showing 20 articles starting at article 1
Published How pre- and postnatal B-12 vitamins improve breast milk vitamin B-12 levels, which supports infant brain development (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
According to a new study B-12 vitamins increase the presence of the micronutrient in mothers' breast milk, which is especially helpful in countries where it can be difficult to eat what is needed for the body to produce B-12 naturally.
Published An unexpected link between 2 schizophrenia risk proteins (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
The discovery of a physical interaction between two proteins in brain cells that can be traced in mice to control of movement, anxiety and memory could one day open the door to development of new schizophrenia treatment strategies, researchers say.
Published New clues to early development of schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Schizophrenia is a severe neuropsychiatric disease that remains poorly understood and treated. Schizophrenia onset is typically in adolescence or early adulthood, but its underlying causes are thought to involve neurodevelopmental abnormalities. Because human prenatal and postnatal brain tissue is exceedingly difficult to procure and therefore study, researchers have had limited opportunities to identify early disease mechanisms, especially during the critical prenatal period. Now, a pair of studies use new technology to study schizophrenia in models of early human brain development.
Published Brain connectivity is disrupted in schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Schizophrenia, a neurodevelopmental disorder that features psychosis among its symptoms, is thought to arise from disorganization in brain connectivity and functional integration. Now, a new study finds differences in functional brain connectivity in people with and without psychosis and schizophrenia that could help researchers understand the neural underpinnings of this disease.
Published AI language models could help diagnose schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have developed new tools, based on AI language models, that can characterize subtle signatures in the speech of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Published Scientists take next big step in understanding genetics of schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists are figuring out which of the 5,000 variants associated with schizophrenia have an actual causal effect in the development of the condition that affects millions of people worldwide.
Published Adding complex component of milk to infant formula confers long-term cognitive benefits for bottle-fed babies (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has shown how a complex component of milk that can be added to infant formula has been shown to confer long-term cognitive benefits, including measures of intelligence and executive function in children.
Published Schizophrenia genetic risk factor impairs mitochondrial function (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researcher discovers possible link of mitochondrial function to the development of schizophrenia.
Published New neuroimaging approach could improve diagnosis of schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
New research has identified age-related changes in brain patterns associated with the risk for developing schizophrenia. The discovery could help clinicians identify the risk for developing mental illness earlier and improve treatment options.
Published Breastfeeding is associated with a 33% reduction in first-year post-perinatal infant mortality (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Among nearly 10 million US infants born between 2016 and 2018, breastfed babies were 33% less likely to die during the post-perinatal period (day 7-364) than infants who were not breastfed, reports a new study. The findings build on previous US research with smaller datasets, which documented the association between the initiation of breastfeeding and the reduction of post-perinatal infant mortality by a range of 19% to 26%.
Published Each mom passes unique set of breast milk antibodies to baby (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Breast milk from each individual contains a unique assemblage of antibodies that are surprisingly stable throughout lactation and across pregnancies, according to a new study.
Published Schizophrenia is associated with somatic mutations occurring in utero (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
As a psychiatric disorder with onset in adulthood, schizophrenia is thought to be triggered by some combination of environmental factors and genetics, although the exact cause is still not fully understood. Researchers have now found a correlation between schizophrenia and somatic copy-number variants, a type of mutation that occurs early in development but after genetic material is inherited. This study is one of the first to rigorously describe the relationship between somatic -- not inherited -- genetic mutations and schizophrenia risk.
Published Unsafe feeding methods spiked during infant formula shortage (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A survey finds nearly half of parents who rely on formula for their babies resorted to potentially harmful feeding methods during the infant formula shortage.
Published Dads are key in supporting breastfeeding, safe infant sleep (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Fathers can make a huge difference in whether an infant is breastfed and placed to sleep safely, according to a recent survey of new fathers.
Published How does dopamine regulate both learning and motivation? (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A new study brings together two schools of thought on the function of the neurotransmitter dopamine: one saying that dopamine provides a learning signal, the other saying that dopamine drives motivation.
Published Further link identified between autoimmunity and schizophrenia (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Links have been reported between schizophrenia and proteins produced by the immune system that can act against one's own body, known as autoantibodies. Researchers have now identified autoantibodies that target a 'synaptic adhesion protein' in a subset of patients with schizophrenia. When injected into mice, the autoantibodies caused many schizophrenia-related changes.
Published Vitamin D alters developing neurons in the brain's dopamine circuit (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Neuroscientists have shown how vitamin D deficiency affects developing neurons in the brain's dopamine circuit, which may lead to the dopamine dysfunction seen in adults with schizophrenia.
Published A special omega-3 fatty acid lipid will change how we look at the developing and aging brain (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Scientists have found a lipid transporter crucial to regulating the cells that make myelin, the nerve-protecting sheath.
Published Beneficial bacteria in the infant gut uses nitrogen from breast milk to support baby's health (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
A nutrition scientist who has spent his career studying breast milk has demonstrated how beneficial microbes in the gut of infants use nitrogen from human milk to support pediatric nutrition and development.
Published The drug fasudil is found to reverse key symptoms of schizophrenia in mice (via sciencedaily.com) Original source
Researchers used the drug fasudil to restore neurons and improve methamphetamine-induced cognitive dysfunction in a mouse model of schizophrenia.